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2 Timothy 2:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— men who concerning the truth have erred, saying that the resurrection is past already, and overthrow the faith of some.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Who concerning the truth have erred, saying that the resurrection is past already; and overthrow the faith of some.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [men] who have gone astray from the truth saying that the resurrection has already taken place, and they upset the faith of some.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Who concerning the truth have erred, saying that the resurrection is past already; and overthrow the faith of some.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [men] who as to the truth have gone astray, saying that the resurrection has taken place already; and overthrow the faith of some.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Men who, concerning the truth, have erred, affirming, a resurrection, already, to have taken place, and are overthrowing the faith, of some.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— who concerning the truth did swerve, saying the rising again to have already been, and do overthrow the faith of some;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who have erred from the truth, saying that the resurrection is past already, and have subverted the faith of some.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Who concerning the trueth haue erred, saying that the resurrection is past alreadie, and ouerthrow the faith of some.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— who have erred from the truth, saying, that the resurrection of the dead hath been, and the faith of some overturning.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— who have wandered from the truth, while they say, The resurrection of the dead hath passed: and they subvert the faith of some.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Who 3748
{3748} Prime
ὅστις
hostis
{hos'-tis}
From G3739 and G5100; which some, that is, any that; also (definitely) which same.
concerning 4012
{4012} Prime
περί
peri
{per-ee'}
From the base of G4008; properly through (all over), that is, around; figuratively with respect to; used in various applications, of place, cause or time (with the genitive case denoting the subject or occasion or superlative point; with the accusative case the locality, circuit, matter, circumstance or general period).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
truth 225
{0225} Prime
ἀλήθεια
aletheia
{al-ay'-thi-a}
From G0227; truth.
have erred, 795
{0795} Prime
ἀστοχέω
astocheo
{as-tokh-eh'-o}
From a compound of G0001 (as a negative particle) and στόιχος [[stoichos]] (an aim); to miss the mark, that is, (figuratively) deviate from truth.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
saying 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
that the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
resurrection 386
{0386} Prime
ἀνάστασις
anastasis
{an-as'-tas-is}
From G0450; a standing up again, that is, (literally) a resurrection from death (individual, general or by implication (its author)), or (figuratively) a (moral) recovery (of spiritual truth).
is past 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5755
<5755> Grammar
Tense - Second Perfect (See G5782)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 8
already; 2235
{2235} Prime
ἤδη
ede
{ay'-day}
Apparently from G2228 (or possibly G2229) and G1211; even now.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
overthrow 396
{0396} Prime
ἀνατρέπω
anatrepo
{an-at-rep'-o}
From G0303 and the base of G5157; to overturn (figuratively).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
faith 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
of some. 5100
{5100} Prime
τὶς
tis
{tis}
An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Timothy 2:18

_ _ erredGreek, “missed the aim” (see 1 Timothy 6:21).

_ _ is past already — has already taken place. The beginnings of the subsequent Gnostic heresy already existed. They “wrested” (2 Peter 3:16) Paul’s own words (Romans 6:4; Ephesians 2:6; Colossians 2:12) “to their own destruction,” as though the resurrection was merely the spiritual raising of souls from the death of sin. Compare 1 Corinthians 15:12, where he shows all our hopes of future glory rest on the literal reality of the resurrection. To believe it past (as the Seleucians or Hermians did, according to Augustine [Epistles, 119.55, To Januarius, 4]), is to deny it in its true sense.

_ _ overthrow — trying to subvert “the foundation” on which alone faith can rest secure (2 Timothy 2:19; compare Titus 1:11).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Timothy 2:14-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Timothy 2:18

Saying the resurrection is already past — Perhaps asserting that it is only the spiritual passing from death unto life.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
concerning:

Matthew 22:29 Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God.
1 Timothy 1:19 Holding faith, and a good conscience; which some having put away concerning faith have made shipwreck:
1 Timothy 6:10 For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.
1 Timothy 6:21 Which some professing have erred concerning the faith. Grace [be] with thee. Amen. [[[The first to Timothy was written from Laodicea, which is the chiefest city of Phrygia Pacatiana.]]]
Hebrews 3:10 Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do alway err in [their] heart; and they have not known my ways.
James 5:19 Brethren, if any of you do err from the truth, and one convert him;

that:

1 Corinthians 15:12 Now if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead, how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead?
Colossians 3:1 If ye then be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteth on the right hand of God.

overthrow:

2 Timothy 2:14 Of these things put [them] in remembrance, charging [them] before the Lord that they strive not about words to no profit, [but] to the subverting of the hearers.
Matthew 15:13 But he answered and said, Every plant, which my heavenly Father hath not planted, shall be rooted up.
Luke 8:13 They on the rock [are they], which, when they hear, receive the word with joy; and these have no root, which for a while believe, and in time of temptation fall away.
Luke 22:31-32 And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath desired [to have] you, that he may sift [you] as wheat: ... But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not: and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren.
Acts 5:39 But if it be of God, ye cannot overthrow it; lest haply ye be found even to fight against God.
1 Corinthians 11:19 For there must be also heresies among you, that they which are approved may be made manifest among you.
1 John 2:19 They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would [no doubt] have continued with us: but [they went out], that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mt 15:13; 22:29. Lk 8:13; 22:31. Ac 5:39. 1Co 11:19; 15:12. Col 3:1. 1Ti 1:19; 6:10, 21. 2Ti 2:14. He 3:10. Jm 5:19. 1Jn 2:19.

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