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2 Timothy 2:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Give diligence to present thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, handling aright the word of truth.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Be diligent to present yourself approved to God as a workman who does not need to be ashamed, accurately handling the word of truth.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Study to show thyself approved to God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Strive diligently to present thyself approved to God, a workman that has not to be ashamed, cutting in a straight line the word of truth.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Give diligence, thyself, approved, to present unto God,—a workman not to be put to shame, skillfully handling the word of truth.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— be diligent to present thyself approved to God—a workman irreproachable, rightly dividing the word of the truth;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Carefully study to present thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly handling the word of truth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Studie to shewe thy selfe approued vnto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly diuiding the word of trueth.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And be careful to establish thyself perfectly before Aloha, a workman without shame, preaching rightly the word of truth.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And study to present thyself before God, perfectly, a laborer who is not ashamed, one who correctly announceth the word of truth.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Study 4704
{4704} Prime
σπουδάζω
spoudazo
{spoo-dad'-zo}
From G4710; to use speed, that is, to make effort, be prompt or earnest.
z5657
<5657> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 376
to shew 3936
{3936} Prime
παρίστημι
paristemi
{par-is'-tay-mee}
From G3844 and G2476; to stand beside, that is, (transitively) to exhibit, proffer, (specifically) recommend, (figuratively) substantiate; or (intransitively) to be at hand (or ready), aid.
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
thyself 4572
{4572} Prime
σεαυτοῦ
seautou
{seh-ow-too'}
The genitive case from G4571 and G0846, with the dative and accusative of the same with contractions, respectively, of (with, to) thyself.
approved 1384
{1384} Prime
δόκιμος
dokimos
{dok'-ee-mos}
From G1380; properly acceptable (current after assayal), that is, approved.
unto God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
a workman 2040
{2040} Prime
ἐργάτης
ergates
{er-gat'-ace}
From G2041; a toiler; figuratively a teacher.
that needeth not to be ashamed, 422
{0422} Prime
ἀνεπαίσχυντος
anepaischuntos
{an-ep-ah'-ee-skhoon-tos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and a presumed derivative of a compound of G1909 and G0153; not ashamed, that is, (by implication) irreprehensible.
rightly dividing 3718
{3718} Prime
ὀρθοτομέω
orthotomeo
{or-thot-om-eh'-o}
From a compound of G3717 and the base of G5114; to make a straight cut, that is, (figuratively) to dissect (expound) correctly (the divine message).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
word 3056
{3056} Prime
λόγος
logos
{log'-os}
From G3004; something said (including the thought); by implication a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension a computation; specifically (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (that is, Christ).
of truth. 225
{0225} Prime
ἀλήθεια
aletheia
{al-ay'-thi-a}
From G0227; truth.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Timothy 2:15

_ _ StudyGreek, “Be earnest,” or “diligent.”

_ _ to showGreek, “present,” as in Romans 12:1.

_ _ thyself — as distinguished from those whom Timothy was to charge (2 Timothy 2:14).

_ _ approved — tested by trial: opposed to “reprobate” (Titus 1:16).

_ _ workman — alluding to Matthew 20:1, etc.

_ _ not to be ashamed — by his work not being “approved” (Philippians 1:20). Contrast “deceitful workers” (2 Corinthians 11:13).

_ _ rightly dividing — “rightly handling” [Vulgate]; “rightly administering” [Alford]; literally, cutting “straight” or “right”: the metaphor being from a father or a steward (1 Corinthians 4:1) cutting and distributing bread among his children [Vitringa and Calvin], (Luke 12:42). The Septuagint, Proverbs 3:6; Proverbs 11:5, use it of “making one’s way”: so Bengel here takes Paul to mean that Timothy may make ready a straight way for “the word of truth,” and may himself walk straight forward according to this line, turning neither to the right nor to the left, “teaching no other doctrine” (1 Timothy 1:3). The same image of a way appears in the Greek for “increase” (see on 2 Timothy 2:16). The opposite to “rightly handling,” or “dispensing,” is, 2 Corinthians 2:17, “corrupt the word of God.”

_ _ truthGreek,the truth” (compare 2 Timothy 2:18).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Timothy 2:14-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Timothy 2:15

A workman that needeth not to be ashamed — Either of unfaithfulness or unskilfulness. Rightly dividing the word of truth — Duly explaining and applying the whole scripture, so as to give each hearer his due portion. But they that give one part of the gospel to all (the promises and comforts to unawakened, hardened, scoffing men) have real need to be ashamed.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Timothy 2:15

(9) Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, (e) rightly dividing the word of truth.

(9) The fifth admonition: a minister must not be an idle disputer, but a faithful steward in correctly dividing the word of truth, in so much that he must stop the mouths of other vain babblers.

(e) By adding nothing to it, neither deleting anything, neither mangling it, nor rending it apart, nor distorting it: but marking diligently what his hearers are able to bear, and what is fit to edifying.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Study:

Hebrews 4:11 Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief.
2 Peter 1:10 Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall:
2 Peter 1:15 Moreover I will endeavour that ye may be able after my decease to have these things always in remembrance.
2 Peter 3:14 Wherefore, beloved, seeing that ye look for such things, be diligent that ye may be found of him in peace, without spot, and blameless.
*Gr.

approved:

Acts 2:22 Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know:
Romans 14:18 For he that in these things serveth Christ [is] acceptable to God, and approved of men.
Romans 16:10 Salute Apelles approved in Christ. Salute them which are of Aristobulus' [household].
2 Corinthians 5:9 Wherefore we labour, that, whether present or absent, we may be accepted of him.
2 Corinthians 10:18 For not he that commendeth himself is approved, but whom the Lord commendeth.
Galatians 1:10 For do I now persuade men, or God? or do I seek to please men? for if I yet pleased men, I should not be the servant of Christ.
1 Thessalonians 2:4 But as we were allowed of God to be put in trust with the gospel, even so we speak; not as pleasing men, but God, which trieth our hearts.

a workman:

Matthew 13:52 Then said he unto them, Therefore every scribe [which is] instructed unto the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man [that is] an householder, which bringeth forth out of his treasure [things] new and old.
2 Corinthians 3:6 Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life.
2 Corinthians 6:3-4 Giving no offence in any thing, that the ministry be not blamed: ... But in all [things] approving ourselves as the ministers of God, in much patience, in afflictions, in necessities, in distresses,
1 Timothy 4:6 If thou put the brethren in remembrance of these things, thou shalt be a good minister of Jesus Christ, nourished up in the words of faith and of good doctrine, whereunto thou hast attained.
1 Timothy 4:12-16 Let no man despise thy youth; but be thou an example of the believers, in word, in conversation, in charity, in spirit, in faith, in purity. ... Take heed unto thyself, and unto the doctrine; continue in them: for in doing this thou shalt both save thyself, and them that hear thee.

rightly:

Matthew 13:52 Then said he unto them, Therefore every scribe [which is] instructed unto the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man [that is] an householder, which bringeth forth out of his treasure [things] new and old.
Mark 4:33 And with many such parables spake he the word unto them, as they were able to hear [it].
Luke 12:42 And the Lord said, Who then is that faithful and wise steward, whom [his] lord shall make ruler over his household, to give [them their] portion of meat in due season?
John 21:15-17 So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, [son] of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs. ... He saith unto him the third time, Simon, [son] of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep.
Acts 20:27 For I have not shunned to declare unto you all the counsel of God.
1 Corinthians 2:6 Howbeit we speak wisdom among them that are perfect: yet not the wisdom of this world, nor of the princes of this world, that come to nought:
1 Corinthians 3:1-2 And I, brethren, could not speak unto you as unto spiritual, but as unto carnal, [even] as unto babes in Christ. ... I have fed you with milk, and not with meat: for hitherto ye were not able [to bear it], neither yet now are ye able.
2 Corinthians 4:2 But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God.
1 Thessalonians 5:14 Now we exhort you, brethren, warn them that are unruly, comfort the feebleminded, support the weak, be patient toward all [men].
Hebrews 5:11-14 Of whom we have many things to say, and hard to be uttered, seeing ye are dull of hearing. ... But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, [even] those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mt 13:52. Mk 4:33. Lk 12:42. Jn 21:15. Ac 2:22; 20:27. Ro 14:18; 16:10. 1Co 2:6; 3:1. 2Co 3:6; 4:2; 5:9; 6:3; 10:18. Ga 1:10. 1Th 2:4; 5:14. 1Ti 4:6, 12. He 4:11; 5:11. 2P 1:10, 15; 3:14.

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