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2 Timothy 1:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For God gave us not a spirit of fearfulness; but of power and love and discipline.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For God has not given us a spirit of timidity, but of power and love and discipline.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For God hath not given us the spirit of fear, but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For God has not given us a spirit of cowardice, but of power, and of love, and of wise discretion.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For God hath not given us a spirit of cowardice, but of power, and love, and correction.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for God did not give us a spirit of fear, but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For God hath not given us the spirit of fear: but of power and of love and of sobriety.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For God hath not giuen vs the spirit of feare, but of power, of loue, and of a sound minde.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For Aloha hath not given to us the spirit of fear, but of power and of love and of discipline.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For God hath not given us a spirit of fear, but of energy, and of love, and of instruction.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
hath y1325
[1325] Standard
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
given 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
us 2254
{2254} Prime
ἡμῖν
hemin
{hay-meen'}
Dative plural of G1473; to (or for, with, by) us.
the spirit 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
of fear; 1167
{1167} Prime
δειλία
deilia
{di-lee'-ah}
From G1169; timidity.
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
of power, 1411
{1411} Prime
δύναμις
dunamis
{doo'-nam-is}
From G1410; force (literally or figuratively); specifically miraculous power (usually by implication a miracle itself).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
of love, 26
{0026} Prime
ἀγάπη
agape
{ag-ah'-pay}
From G0025; love, that is, affection or benevolence; specifically (plural) a love feast.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
of a sound mind. 4995
{4995} Prime
σωφρονισμός
sophronismos
{so-fron-is-mos'}
From G4994; discipline, that is, self control.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Timothy 1:7

_ _ For, etc. — implying that Timothy needed the exhortation “to stir up the gift of God in him,” being constitutionally “timid”: “For God did not give us (so the Greek, namely, at our ordination or consecration) the spirit of fear.” The spirit which He gave us, was not the spirit of timidity (literally, “cowardice,” which is weakness), but of “power” (exhibited in a fearless “testimony” for Christ, 2 Timothy 1:8). “Power is the invariable accompaniment of the gift of the Holy Ghost. Luke 24:49; Acts 1:8; compare Acts 6:6, “full of faith and of the Holy Ghost,” with 2 Timothy 1:8, “full of faith and power.” Fear is the result of “the spirit of bondage” (Romans 8:15). Fear within exaggerates the causes of fear without. “The spirit of power” is the spirit of man dwelt in by the Spirit of God imparting power; this power “casteth out fear” from ourselves, and stimulates us to try to cast it out of others (1 John 4:18).

_ _ love — which moves the believer while “speaking the truth” with power, when giving his testimony for Christ (2 Timothy 1:8), at the same time to do so “in love” (Ephesians 4:15).

_ _ a sound mind — The Greek, is rather, “the bringing of men to a sound mind” [Wahl]. Bengel supports English Version, “a sound mind,” or “sober-mindedness”; a duty to which a young man like Timothy especially needed to be exhorted (2 Timothy 2:22; 1 Timothy 4:12; Titus 2:4, Titus 2:6). So Paul urges him, in 2 Timothy 2:4, to give up worldly entanglements, which as thorns (Luke 8:14) choke the word. These three gifts are preferable to any miraculous powers whatever.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Timothy 1:6-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Timothy 1:7

And let nothing discourage thee, for God hath not given us — That is, the spirit which God hath given us Christians, is not the spirit of fear — Or cowardice. But of power — Banishing fear. And love and sobriety — These animate us in our duties to God, our brethren, and ourselves. Power and sobriety are two good extremes. Love is between, the tie and temperament of both; preventing the two bad extremes of fearfulness and rashness. More is said concerning power, 1 Timothy 1:8; concerning love, 2 Timothy 2:14, &c.; concerning sobriety, 2 Timothy 3:1, &c.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Timothy 1:7

For God hath not given us the spirit of (d) fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind.

(d) To pierce us through, and terrify us, as men whom the Lord will destroy.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the spirit:

Acts 20:24 But none of these things move me, neither count I my life dear unto myself, so that I might finish my course with joy, and the ministry, which I have received of the Lord Jesus, to testify the gospel of the grace of God.
Acts 21:13 Then Paul answered, What mean ye to weep and to break mine heart? for I am ready not to be bound only, but also to die at Jerusalem for the name of the Lord Jesus.
Romans 8:15 For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.
Hebrews 2:15 And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.
1 John 4:18 There is no fear in love; but perfect love casteth out fear: because fear hath torment. He that feareth is not made perfect in love.

but:

Micah 3:8 But truly I am full of power by the spirit of the LORD, and of judgment, and of might, to declare unto Jacob his transgression, and to Israel his sin.
Zechariah 4:6 Then he answered and spake unto me, saying, This [is] the word of the LORD unto Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by my spirit, saith the LORD of hosts.
Luke 10:19 Behold, I give unto you power to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy: and nothing shall by any means hurt you.
Luke 24:49 And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high.
Acts 1:8 But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.
Acts 6:8 And Stephen, full of faith and power, did great wonders and miracles among the people.
Acts 9:22 But Saul increased the more in strength, and confounded the Jews which dwelt at Damascus, proving that this is very Christ.
Acts 10:38 How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him.
1 Corinthians 2:4 And my speech and my preaching [was] not with enticing words of man's wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power:

of love:

Romans 5:5 And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.
Galatians 5:22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith,
Colossians 1:8 Who also declared unto us your love in the Spirit.
1 Peter 1:22 Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, [see that ye] love one another with a pure heart fervently:

a sound:

Psalms 119:80 Let my heart be sound in thy statutes; that I be not ashamed.
Proverbs 2:7 He layeth up sound wisdom for the righteous: [he is] a buckler to them that walk uprightly.
Proverbs 8:14 Counsel [is] mine, and sound wisdom: I [am] understanding; I have strength.
Luke 8:35 Then they went out to see what was done; and came to Jesus, and found the man, out of whom the devils were departed, sitting at the feet of Jesus, clothed, and in his right mind: and they were afraid.
Luke 15:17 And when he came to himself, he said, How many hired servants of my father's have bread enough and to spare, and I perish with hunger!
Acts 26:11 And I punished them oft in every synagogue, and compelled [them] to blaspheme; and being exceedingly mad against them, I persecuted [them] even unto strange cities.
Acts 26:25 But he said, I am not mad, most noble Festus; but speak forth the words of truth and soberness.
2 Corinthians 5:13-14 For whether we be beside ourselves, [it is] to God: or whether we be sober, [it is] for your cause. ... For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead:
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Ps 119:80. Pv 2:7; 8:14. Mi 3:8. Zc 4:6. Lk 8:35; 10:19; 15:17; 24:49. Ac 1:8; 6:8; 9:22; 10:38; 20:24; 21:13; 26:11, 25. Ro 5:5; 8:15. 1Co 2:4. 2Co 5:13. Ga 5:22. Col 1:8. He 2:15. 1P 1:22. 1Jn 4:18.

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