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2 Timothy 1:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For which cause I suffer also these things: yet I am not ashamed; for I know him whom I have believed, and I am persuaded that he is able to guard that which I have committed unto him against that day.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For the which cause I also suffer these things: nevertheless I am not ashamed: for I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded that he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him against that day.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For this reason I also suffer these things, but I am not ashamed; for I know whom I have believed and I am convinced that He is able to guard what I have entrusted to Him until that day.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For which cause I also suffer these things: nevertheless I am not ashamed: for I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded that he is able to keep that which I have committed to him against that day.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For which cause also I suffer these things; but I am not ashamed; for I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded that he is able to keep for that day the deposit I have entrusted to him.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For which cause, these things also, am I suffering; nevertheless I am not being put to shame, for I know him whom I have believed, and am persuaded that he is, able, to guard, that which I have entrusted, [to him] unto, that, day.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for which cause also these things I suffer, but I am not ashamed, for I have known in whom I have believed, and have been persuaded that he is able that which I have committed to him to guard—to that day.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For which cause, I also suffer these things: but I am not ashamed. For I know whom I have believed and I am certain that he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him, against that day.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For the which cause I also suffer these things; neuerthelesse, I am not ashamed: for I know whom I haue beleeued, and I am perswaded that he is able to keepe that which I haue committed vnto him against that day.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— on account of which I suffer these, and am not ashamed. I know in whom I have believed, and am persuaded that there is power in his hands my deposite to keep for me unto that day.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Therefore I suffer these things: and I am not ashamed; for I know in whom I have believed, and I am persuaded that he is competent to keep for me my deposit against that day.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
the which 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
cause 156
{0156} Prime
αἰτία
aitia
{ahee-tee'-a}
From the same as G0154; a cause (as if asked for), that is, (logical) reason (motive, matter), (legal) crime (alleged or proved).
I y3958
[3958] Standard
πάσχω
pascho
{pas'-kho}
Apparently a primary verb (the third form used only in certain tenses for it); to experience a sensation or impression (usually painful).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
suffer 3958
{3958} Prime
πάσχω
pascho
{pas'-kho}
Apparently a primary verb (the third form used only in certain tenses for it); to experience a sensation or impression (usually painful).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
these things: 5023
{5023} Prime
ταῦτα
tauta
{tow'-tah}
Nomitive or accusative neuter plural of G3778; these things.
nevertheless 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
I am y1870
[1870] Standard
ἐπαισχύνομαι
epaischunomai
{ep-ahee-skhoo'-nom-ahee}
From G1909 and G0153; to feel shame for something.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
ashamed: 1870
{1870} Prime
ἐπαισχύνομαι
epaischunomai
{ep-ahee-skhoo'-nom-ahee}
From G1909 and G0153; to feel shame for something.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
for 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
I know 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
whom 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
I have believed, 4100
{4100} Prime
πιστεύω
pisteuo
{pist-yoo'-o}
From G4102; to have faith (in, upon, or with respect to, a person or thing), that is, credit; by implication to entrust (especially one's spiritual well being to Christ).
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
am persuaded 3982
{3982} Prime
πείθω
peitho
{pi'-tho}
A primary verb; to convince (by argument, true or false); by analogy to pacify or conciliate (by other fair means); reflexively or passively to assent (to evidence or authority), to rely (by inward certainty).
z5769
<5769> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 215
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
he is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
able 1415
{1415} Prime
δυνατός
dunatos
{doo-nat-os'}
From G1410; powerful or capable (literally or figuratively); neuter possible.
to keep 5442
{5442} Prime
φυλάσσω
phulasso
{foo-las'-so}
Probably from G5443 through the idea of isolation; to watch, that is, be on guard (literally or figuratively); by implication to preserve, obey, avoid.
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
that which I y3450
[3450] Standard
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
have committed unto him 3866
{3866} Prime
παραθήκη
paratheke
{par-ath-ay'-kay}
From G3908; a deposit, that is, (figuratively) trust.
x3450
(3450) Complement
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
against 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
that 1565
{1565} Prime
ἐκεῖνος
ekeinos
{ek-i'-nos}
From G1563; that one (or [neuter] thing); often intensified by the article prefixed.
day. 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Timothy 1:12

_ _ For the which cause — For the Gospel cause of which I was appointed a preacher (2 Timothy 1:10, 2 Timothy 1:11).

_ _ I also suffer — besides my active work as a missionary. Ellicott translates, “I suffer even these things”; the sufferings attendant on my being a prisoner (2 Timothy 1:8, 2 Timothy 1:15).

_ _ I am not ashamed — neither be thou (2 Timothy 1:8).

_ _ for — Confidence as to the future drives away shame [Bengel].

_ _ I know — though the world knows Him not (John 10:14; John 17:25).

_ _ whom — I know what a faithful, promise-keeping God He is (2 Timothy 2:13). It is not, I know how I have believed, but, I know WHOM I have believed; a feeble faith may clasp a strong Savior.

_ _ believed — rather, “trusted”; carrying out the metaphor of a depositor depositing his pledge with one whom he trusts.

_ _ am persuaded — (Romans 8:38).

_ _ he is able — in spite of so many foes around me.

_ _ that which I have committed unto himGreek, “my deposit”; the body, soul, and spirit, which I have deposited in God’s safe keeping (1 Thessalonians 5:23; 1 Peter 4:19). So Christ Himself in dying (Luke 23:46). “God deposits with us His word; we deposit with God our spirit” [Grotius]. There is one deposit (His revelation) committed by God to us, which we ought to keep (2 Timothy 1:13, 2 Timothy 1:14) and transmit to others (2 Timothy 2:2); there is another committed by God to us, which we should commit to His keeping, namely, ourselves and our heavenly portion.

_ _ that day — the day of His appearing (2 Timothy 1:18; 2 Timothy 4:8).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Timothy 1:6-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Timothy 1:12

That which I have committed to him — My soul. Until that day — Of his final appearing.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Timothy 1:12

(6) For the which cause I also suffer these things: (7) nevertheless I am not ashamed: for I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded that he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him against that day.

(6) He confirms his apostleship by a strange argument, that is, because the world could not abide it, and therefore it persecuted him that preached it. (7) By setting his own example before us, he shows us how it may be, that we will not be ashamed of the cross of Christ, that is, if we are sure that God both can and will keep the salvation which he has as it were laid up in store by himself for us against that day.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the which:

2 Timothy 1:8 Be not thou therefore ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, nor of me his prisoner: but be thou partaker of the afflictions of the gospel according to the power of God;
2 Timothy 2:9 Wherein I suffer trouble, as an evil doer, [even] unto bonds; but the word of God is not bound.
2 Timothy 3:10-12 But thou hast fully known my doctrine, manner of life, purpose, faith, longsuffering, charity, patience, ... Yea, and all that will live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution.
2 Timothy 4:16-17 At my first answer no man stood with me, but all [men] forsook me: [I pray God] that it may not be laid to their charge. ... Notwithstanding the Lord stood with me, and strengthened me; that by me the preaching might be fully known, and [that] all the Gentiles might hear: and I was delivered out of the mouth of the lion.
Acts 9:16 For I will shew him how great things he must suffer for my name's sake.
Acts 13:46 Then Paul and Barnabas waxed bold, and said, It was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken to you: but seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, lo, we turn to the Gentiles.
Acts 13:50 But the Jews stirred up the devout and honourable women, and the chief men of the city, and raised persecution against Paul and Barnabas, and expelled them out of their coasts.
Acts 14:5-6 And when there was an assault made both of the Gentiles, and also of the Jews with their rulers, to use [them] despitefully, and to stone them, ... They were ware of [it], and fled unto Lystra and Derbe, cities of Lycaonia, and unto the region that lieth round about:
Acts 21:27-31 And when the seven days were almost ended, the Jews which were of Asia, when they saw him in the temple, stirred up all the people, and laid hands on him, ... And as they went about to kill him, tidings came unto the chief captain of the band, that all Jerusalem was in an uproar.
Acts 22:21-24 And he said unto me, Depart: for I will send thee far hence unto the Gentiles. ... The chief captain commanded him to be brought into the castle, and bade that he should be examined by scourging; that he might know wherefore they cried so against him.
Ephesians 3:1-8 For this cause I Paul, the prisoner of Jesus Christ for you Gentiles, ... Unto me, who am less than the least of all saints, is this grace given, that I should preach among the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ;
1 Thessalonians 2:16 Forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles that they might be saved, to fill up their sins alway: for the wrath is come upon them to the uttermost.

I am:

2 Timothy 1:8 Be not thou therefore ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, nor of me his prisoner: but be thou partaker of the afflictions of the gospel according to the power of God;
Psalms 25:2 O my God, I trust in thee: let me not be ashamed, let not mine enemies triumph over me.
Isaiah 50:7 For the Lord GOD will help me; therefore shall I not be confounded: therefore have I set my face like a flint, and I know that I shall not be ashamed.
Isaiah 54:4 Fear not; for thou shalt not be ashamed: neither be thou confounded; for thou shalt not be put to shame: for thou shalt forget the shame of thy youth, and shalt not remember the reproach of thy widowhood any more.
Acts 21:13 Then Paul answered, What mean ye to weep and to break mine heart? for I am ready not to be bound only, but also to die at Jerusalem for the name of the Lord Jesus.
Romans 1:16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.
Romans 5:4-5 And patience, experience; and experience, hope: ... And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.
Romans 9:33 As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.
Philippians 1:20 According to my earnest expectation and [my] hope, that in nothing I shall be ashamed, but [that] with all boldness, as always, [so] now also Christ shall be magnified in my body, whether [it be] by life, or by death.
Hebrews 12:2 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of [our] faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.
1 Peter 4:16 Yet if [any man suffer] as a Christian, let him not be ashamed; but let him glorify God on this behalf.

for I:

Psalms 9:10 And they that know thy name will put their trust in thee: for thou, LORD, hast not forsaken them that seek thee.
Psalms 56:9 When I cry [unto thee], then shall mine enemies turn back: this I know; for God [is] for me.
Philippians 3:8 Yea doubtless, and I count all things [but] loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them [but] dung, that I may win Christ,
Philippians 3:10 That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death;
1 Peter 4:19 Wherefore let them that suffer according to the will of God commit the keeping of their souls [to him] in well doing, as unto a faithful Creator.

believed:
or, trusted,
Isaiah 12:2 Behold, God [is] my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for the LORD JEHOVAH [is] my strength and [my] song; he also is become my salvation.
Nahum 1:7 The LORD [is] good, a strong hold in the day of trouble; and he knoweth them that trust in him.
Matthew 12:21 And in his name shall the Gentiles trust.
Romans 15:12-13 And again, Esaias saith, There shall be a root of Jesse, and he that shall rise to reign over the Gentiles; in him shall the Gentiles trust. ... Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that ye may abound in hope, through the power of the Holy Ghost.
Ephesians 1:12-13 That we should be to the praise of his glory, who first trusted in Christ. ... In whom ye also [trusted], after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise,
1 Peter 1:20-21 Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you, ... Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God.

am persuaded:

2 Timothy 1:5 When I call to remembrance the unfeigned faith that is in thee, which dwelt first in thy grandmother Lois, and thy mother Eunice; and I am persuaded that in thee also.

he is:

John 10:28-30 And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any [man] pluck them out of my hand. ... I and [my] Father are one.
Philippians 3:21 Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto himself.
Hebrews 2:18 For in that he himself hath suffered being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted.
Hebrews 7:25 Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them.

keep:

John 6:39-40 And this is the Father's will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day. ... And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day.
John 6:44 No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day.
John 17:11-12 And now I am no more in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to thee. Holy Father, keep through thine own name those whom thou hast given me, that they may be one, as we [are]. ... While I was with them in the world, I kept them in thy name: those that thou gavest me I have kept, and none of them is lost, but the son of perdition; that the scripture might be fulfilled.
John 17:15 I pray not that thou shouldest take them out of the world, but that thou shouldest keep them from the evil.
1 Timothy 6:20 O Timothy, keep that which is committed to thy trust, avoiding profane [and] vain babblings, and oppositions of science falsely so called:
1 Peter 1:5 Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.
Jude 1:24 Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling, and to present [you] faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy,

which I:

Psalms 31:5 Into thine hand I commit my spirit: thou hast redeemed me, O LORD God of truth.
Luke 23:46 And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost.
Acts 7:59 And they stoned Stephen, calling upon [God], and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit.
1 Peter 4:19 Wherefore let them that suffer according to the will of God commit the keeping of their souls [to him] in well doing, as unto a faithful Creator.

against:

2 Timothy 1:18 The Lord grant unto him that he may find mercy of the Lord in that day: and in how many things he ministered unto me at Ephesus, thou knowest very well.
2 Timothy 4:8 Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing.
Matthew 7:22 Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works?
Matthew 24:36 But of that day and hour knoweth no [man], no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only.
Luke 10:12 But I say unto you, that it shall be more tolerable in that day for Sodom, than for that city.
1 Thessalonians 5:4 But ye, brethren, are not in darkness, that that day should overtake you as a thief.
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Ps 9:10; 25:2; 31:5; 56:9. Is 12:2; 50:7; 54:4. Na 1:7. Mt 7:22; 12:21; 24:36. Lk 10:12; 23:46. Jn 6:39, 44; 10:28; 17:11, 15. Ac 7:59; 9:16; 13:46, 50; 14:5; 21:13, 27; 22:21. Ro 1:16; 5:4; 9:33; 15:12. Ep 1:12; 3:1. Php 1:20; 3:8, 10, 21. 1Th 2:16; 5:4. 1Ti 6:20. 2Ti 1:5, 8, 18; 2:9; 3:10; 4:8, 16. He 2:18; 7:25; 12:2. 1P 1:5, 20; 4:16, 19. Jde 1:24.

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