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2 Timothy 1:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— but hath now been manifested by the appearing of our Saviour Christ Jesus, who abolished death, and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through the gospel:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— but now has been revealed by the appearing of our Savior Christ Jesus, who abolished death and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Savior Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through the gospel:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— but has been made manifest now by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who has annulled death, and brought to light life and incorruptibility by the glad tidings;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But hath now been made manifest through means of the forthshining of our Saviour Christ Jesus,—Who, indeed, hath abolished death, and hath thrown light upon life and incorruptibility, through means of the glad-message:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and was made manifest now through the manifestation of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who indeed did abolish death, and did enlighten life and immortality through the good news,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But is now made manifest by the illumination of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath destroyed death and hath brought to light life and incorruption by the gospel.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Sauiour Iesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortalitie to light, through the Gospel:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and is now revealed by the revelation of our Saviour Jeshu Meshiha, who hath abolished death, and hath demonstrated life and incorruption, through the gospel,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and is now made known by the appearing of our Vivifier, Jesus the Messiah; who hath abolished death, and hath made manifest life and immortality, by the gospel:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
is y5319
[5319] Standard
φανερόω
phaneroo
{fan-er-o'-o}
From G5318; to render apparent (literally or figuratively).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
now 3568
{3568} Prime
νῦν
nun
{noon}
A primary particle of present time; 'now' (as adverb of date, a transition or emphasis); also as noun or adjective present or immediate.
made manifest 5319
{5319} Prime
φανερόω
phaneroo
{fan-er-o'-o}
From G5318; to render apparent (literally or figuratively).
z5685
<5685> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 215
by 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
appearing 2015
{2015} Prime
ἐπιφάνεια
epiphaneia
{ep-if-an'-i-ah}
From G2016; a manifestation, that is, (specifically) the advent of Christ (past or future).
of our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
Saviour 4990
{4990} Prime
σωτήρ
soter
{so-tare'}
From G4982; a deliverer, that is, God or Christ.
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
Christ, 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
who y3303
[3303] Standard
μέν
men
{men}
A primary particle; properly indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with G1161 (this one, the former, etc.
hath abolished 2673
{2673} Prime
καταργέω
katargeo
{kat-arg-eh'-o}
From G2596 and G0691; to be (render) entirely idle (useless), literally or figuratively.
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
x3303
(3303) Complement
μέν
men
{men}
A primary particle; properly indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with G1161 (this one, the former, etc.
death, 2288
{2288} Prime
θάνατος
thanatos
{than'-at-os}
From G2348; (properly an adjective used as a noun) death (literally or figuratively).
and 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
hath brought y5461
[5461] Standard
φωτίζω
photizo
{fo-tid'-zo}
From G5457; to shed rays, that is, to shine or (transitively) to brighten up (literally or figuratively).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
life y2222
[2222] Standard
ζωή
zoe
{dzo-ay'}
From G2198; life (literally or figuratively).
and y2532
[2532] Standard
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
immortality y861
[0861] Standard
ἀφθαρσία
aphtharsia
{af-thar-see'-ah}
From G0862; incorruptibility; generally unending existence; (figuratively) genuineness.
to light 5461
{5461} Prime
φωτίζω
photizo
{fo-tid'-zo}
From G5457; to shed rays, that is, to shine or (transitively) to brighten up (literally or figuratively).
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
x2222
(2222) Complement
ζωή
zoe
{dzo-ay'}
From G2198; life (literally or figuratively).
x2532
(2532) Complement
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
x861
(0861) Complement
ἀφθαρσία
aphtharsia
{af-thar-see'-ah}
From G0862; incorruptibility; generally unending existence; (figuratively) genuineness.
through 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
gospel: 2098
{2098} Prime
εὐαγγέλιον
euaggelion
{yoo-ang-ghel'-ee-on}
From the same as G2097; a good message, that is, the gospel.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Timothy 1:10

_ _ But ... now ... manifest — in contrast to its concealment heretofore in the eternal purpose of God “before the world began” (2 Timothy 1:9; Colossians 1:16; Titus 1:2, Titus 1:3).

_ _ appearing — the visible manifestation in the flesh.

_ _ abolished deathGreek, “taken away the power from death” [Tittmann]. The Greek article before “death” implies that Christ abolished death, not only in some particular instance, but in its very essence, being, and idea, as well as in all its aspects and consequences (John 11:26; Romans 8:2, Romans 8:38; 1 Corinthians 15:26, 1 Corinthians 15:55; Hebrews 2:14). The carrying out of the abolition of death into full effect is to be at the resurrection (Revelation 20:14). The death of the body meanwhile is but temporary, and is made no account of by Christ and the apostles.

_ _ brought ... to light — making visible by the Gospel what was before hidden in God’s purpose.

_ _ life — of the Spirit, acting first on the soul here, about to act on the body also at the resurrection.

_ _ immortalityGreek, “incorruptibility” of the new life, not merely of the risen body [Alford], (Romans 8:11).

_ _ throughby means of the Gospel, which brings to light the life and immortality purposed by God from eternity, but manifested now first to man by Christ, who in His own resurrection has given the pledge of His people’s final triumph over death through Him. Before the Gospel revelation from God, man, by the light of nature, under the most favorable circumstances, had but a glimmering idea of the possibility of a future being of the soul, but not the faintest idea of the resurrection of the body (Acts 17:18, Acts 17:32). If Christ were not “the life,” the dead could never live; if He were not the resurrection, they could never rise; had He not the keys of hell and death (Revelation 1:18), we could never break through the bars of death or gates of hell [Bishop Pearson].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Timothy 1:6-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Timothy 1:10

By the appearing of our Saviour — This implies his whole abode upon earth. Who hath abolished death — Taken away its sting, and turned it into a blessing. And hath brought life and immortality to light — Hath clearly revealed by the gospel that immortal life which he hath purchased for us.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Timothy 1:10

But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to (k) light through the gospel:

(k) Has caused life and immortality to appear.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
now:

Isaiah 25:7 And he will destroy in this mountain the face of the covering cast over all people, and the vail that is spread over all nations.
Isaiah 60:2-3 For, behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the people: but the LORD shall arise upon thee, and his glory shall be seen upon thee. ... And the Gentiles shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising.
Luke 2:31-32 Which thou hast prepared before the face of all people; ... A light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of thy people Israel.
Romans 16:26 But now is made manifest, and by the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the everlasting God, made known to all nations for the obedience of faith:
Ephesians 1:9 Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself:
Colossians 1:26-27 [Even] the mystery which hath been hid from ages and from generations, but now is made manifest to his saints: ... To whom God would make known what [is] the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you, the hope of glory:
Titus 1:3 But hath in due times manifested his word through preaching, which is committed unto me according to the commandment of God our Saviour;
Titus 2:11 For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men,
1 Peter 1:20-21 Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you, ... Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God.
1 John 1:2 (For the life was manifested, and we have seen [it], and bear witness, and shew unto you that eternal life, which was with the Father, and was manifested unto us;)

our:

Isaiah 43:3 For I [am] the LORD thy God, the Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour: I gave Egypt [for] thy ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for thee.
Isaiah 45:15 Verily thou [art] a God that hidest thyself, O God of Israel, the Saviour.
Isaiah 45:21 Tell ye, and bring [them] near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath declared this from ancient time? [who] hath told it from that time? [have] not I the LORD? and [there is] no God else beside me; a just God and a Saviour; [there is] none beside me.
Luke 2:11 For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord.
John 4:42 And said unto the woman, Now we believe, not because of thy saying: for we have heard [him] ourselves, and know that this is indeed the Christ, the Saviour of the world.
Acts 5:31 Him hath God exalted with his right hand [to be] a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins.
Acts 13:23 Of this man's seed hath God according to [his] promise raised unto Israel a Saviour, Jesus:
Titus 1:4 To Titus, [mine] own son after the common faith: Grace, mercy, [and] peace, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour.
Titus 2:13 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ;
Titus 3:4 But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared,
2 Peter 1:1 Simon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ, to them that have obtained like precious faith with us through the righteousness of God and our Saviour Jesus Christ:
2 Peter 1:11 For so an entrance shall be ministered unto you abundantly into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.
2 Peter 2:20 For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning.
2 Peter 3:2 That ye may be mindful of the words which were spoken before by the holy prophets, and of the commandment of us the apostles of the Lord and Saviour:
2 Peter 3:18 But grow in grace, and [in] the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him [be] glory both now and for ever. Amen.
1 John 4:14 And we have seen and do testify that the Father sent the Son [to be] the Saviour of the world.

who:

Isaiah 25:8 He will swallow up death in victory; and the Lord GOD will wipe away tears from off all faces; and the rebuke of his people shall he take away from off all the earth: for the LORD hath spoken [it].
Hosea 13:14 I will ransom them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them from death: O death, I will be thy plagues; O grave, I will be thy destruction: repentance shall be hid from mine eyes.
John 11:25-26 Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live: ... And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou this?
1 Corinthians 15:54-55 So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory. ... O death, where [is] thy sting? O grave, where [is] thy victory?
Hebrews 2:14-15 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil; ... And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.
Revelation 20:14 And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.

abolished:

Luke 13:7 Then said he unto the dresser of his vineyard, Behold, these three years I come seeking fruit on this fig tree, and find none: cut it down; why cumbereth it the ground?
Romans 3:31 Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law.
Romans 6:6 Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with [him], that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin.
Galatians 5:4 Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace.
*Gr.

and hath:

2 Timothy 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, according to the promise of life which is in Christ Jesus,
John 5:24-29 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life. ... And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.
John 5:40 And ye will not come to me, that ye might have life.
John 14:6 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.
John 20:31 But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.
Romans 2:7 To them who by patient continuance in well doing seek for glory and honour and immortality, eternal life:
Romans 5:17-18 For if by one man's offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.) ... Therefore as by the offence of one [judgment came] upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one [the free gift came] upon all men unto justification of life.
1 Corinthians 15:53 For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal [must] put on immortality.
2 Corinthians 5:4 For we that are in [this] tabernacle do groan, being burdened: not for that we would be unclothed, but clothed upon, that mortality might be swallowed up of life.
2 Peter 1:3 According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that [pertain] unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue:
1 John 1:2 (For the life was manifested, and we have seen [it], and bear witness, and shew unto you that eternal life, which was with the Father, and was manifested unto us;)
Revelation 2:7 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God.
Revelation 22:1-2 And he shewed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb. ... In the midst of the street of it, and on either side of the river, [was there] the tree of life, which bare twelve [manner of] fruits, [and] yielded her fruit every month: and the leaves of the tree [were] for the healing of the nations.
Revelation 22:14 Blessed [are] they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city.
Revelation 22:17 And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely.
Luke 11:36 If thy whole body therefore [be] full of light, having no part dark, the whole shall be full of light, as when the bright shining of a candle doth give thee light.
John 1:9 [That] was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world.
1 Corinthians 4:5 Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts: and then shall every man have praise of God.
Ephesians 1:18 The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints,
Hebrews 10:32 But call to remembrance the former days, in which, after ye were illuminated, ye endured a great fight of afflictions;
Revelation 18:1 And after these things I saw another angel come down from heaven, having great power; and the earth was lightened with his glory.
*Gr.
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Is 25:7, 8; 43:3; 45:15, 21; 60:2. Ho 13:14. Lk 2:11, 31; 11:36; 13:7. Jn 1:9; 4:42; 5:24, 40; 11:25; 14:6; 20:31. Ac 5:31; 13:23. Ro 2:7; 3:31; 5:17; 6:6; 16:26. 1Co 4:5; 15:53, 54. 2Co 5:4. Ga 5:4. Ep 1:9, 18. Col 1:26. 2Ti 1:1. Tit 1:3, 4; 2:11, 13; 3:4. He 2:14; 10:32. 1P 1:20. 2P 1:1, 3, 11; 2:20; 3:2, 18. 1Jn 1:2; 4:14. Rv 2:7; 18:1; 20:14; 22:1, 14, 17.

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