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2 Thessalonians 3:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For even when we were with you, this we commanded you, If any will not work, neither let him eat.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For even when we were with you, this we commanded you, that if any would not work, neither should he eat.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For even when we were with you, we used to give you this order: if anyone is not willing to work, then he is not to eat, either.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For even when we were with you, this we commanded you, that if any would not work, neither should he eat.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For also when we were with you we enjoined you this, that if any man does not like to work, neither let him eat.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, even when we were with you, this, were we giving in charge unto you,—that, if any will not work, neither let him eat!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for even when we were with you, this we did command you, that if any one is not willing to work, neither let him eat,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For also, when we were with you, this we declared to you: that, if any man will not work, neither let him eat.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For euen when wee were with you, this wee commanded you, that if any would not worke, neither should he eate.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For while we were with you, this we commanded you, that every one who willeth not to work, neither should he eat.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And while we were with you, we also gave you this precept, That every one who would not work, should likewise not eat.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
even 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
when 3753
{3753} Prime
ὅτε
hote
{hot'-eh}
From G3739 and G5037; at which (thing) too, that is, when.
we were 2258
{2258} Prime
ἦν
en
{ane}
Imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were).
z5713
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
with 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
you, 5209
{5209} Prime
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
this 5124
{5124} Prime
τοῦτο
touto
{too'-to}
Neuter, singular, nomitive or accusative of G3778; that thing.
we commanded 3853
{3853} Prime
παραγγέλλω
paraggello
{par-ang-gel'-lo}
From G3844 and the base of G0032; to transmit a message, that is, (by implication) to enjoin.
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
you, 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
if any 1536
{1536} Prime
εἴ τις
ei tis
{i tis}
From G1487 and G5100; if any.
would 2309
{2309} Prime
θέλω
thelo
{thel'-o}
In certain tenses θελέω [[theleo]], {thel-eh'-o}; and ἐθέλέω [[etheleo]], {eth-el-eh'-o}, which are otherwise obsolete; apparently strengthened from the alternate form of G0138; to determine (as an active voice option from subjective impulse; whereas G1014 properly denotes rather a passive voice acquiescence in objective considerations), that is, choose or prefer (literally or figuratively); by implication to wish, that is, be inclined to (sometimes adverbially gladly); impersonally for the future tense, to be about to; by Hebraism to delight in.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
work, 2038
{2038} Prime
ἐργάζομαι
ergazomai
{er-gad'-zom-ahee}
Middle voice from G2041; to toil (as a task, occupation, etc.), (by implication) effect, be engaged in or with, etc.
z5738
<5738> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 109
neither 3366
{3366} Prime
μηδέ
mede
{may-deh'}
From G3361 and G1161; but not, not even; in a continued negation, nor.
should he eat. 2068
{2068} Prime
ἐσθίω
esthio
{es-thee'-o}
Strengthened for a primary word ἔδω [[edo]] (to eat); used only in certain tenses, the rest being supplied by G5315; to eat (usually literally).
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Thessalonians 3:10

_ _ For even — Translate, “For also.” We not only set you the example, but gave a positive “command.”

_ _ commandedGreek imperfect, “We were commanding”; we kept charge of you.

_ _ would not workGreek,is unwilling to work.” Bengel makes this to be the argument: not that such a one is to have his food withdrawn from him by others; but he proves from the necessity of eating the necessity of working; using this pleasantry, Let him who will not work show himself an angel, that is, do without food as the angels do (but since he cannot do without food, then he ought to be not unwilling to work). It seems to me simpler to take it as a punishment of the idle. Paul often quotes good adages current among the people, stamping them with inspired approval. In the Hebrew,Bereshith Rabba,” the same saying is found; and in the book Zeror, “He who will not work before the sabbath, must not eat on the sabbath.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Thessalonians 3:6-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Thessalonians 3:10

Neither let him eat — Do not maintain him in idleness.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Thessalonians 3:10

For even when we were with you, this we commanded you, that if any would not work, (c) neither should he eat.

(c) What will we do then with those fat lazy monks, and sacrificing priests? A monk (says Socrates, book eight, of his Tripartite History) who does not work with hands, is like a thief.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
when:

Luke 24:44 And he said unto them, These [are] the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and [in] the prophets, and [in] the psalms, concerning me.
John 16:4 But these things have I told you, that when the time shall come, ye may remember that I told you of them. And these things I said not unto you at the beginning, because I was with you.
Acts 20:18 And when they were come to him, he said unto them, Ye know, from the first day that I came into Asia, after what manner I have been with you at all seasons,

that:

Genesis 3:19 In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou [art], and unto dust shalt thou return.
Proverbs 13:4 The soul of the sluggard desireth, and [hath] nothing: but the soul of the diligent shall be made fat.
Proverbs 20:4 The sluggard will not plow by reason of the cold; [therefore] shall he beg in harvest, and [have] nothing.
Proverbs 21:25 The desire of the slothful killeth him; for his hands refuse to labour.
Proverbs 24:30-34 I went by the field of the slothful, and by the vineyard of the man void of understanding; ... So shall thy poverty come [as] one that travelleth; and thy want as an armed man.
1 Thessalonians 4:11 And that ye study to be quiet, and to do your own business, and to work with your own hands, as we commanded you;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 3:19. Pv 13:4; 20:4; 21:25; 24:30. Lk 24:44. Jn 16:4. Ac 20:18. 1Th 4:11.

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