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2 Thessalonians 2:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And now ye know that which restraineth, to the end that he may be revealed in his own season.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And now ye know what withholdeth that he might be revealed in his time.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And you know what restrains him now, so that in his time he will be revealed.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And now ye know what withholdeth that he might be revealed in his time.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And now ye know that which restrains, that he should be revealed in his own time.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, what now restraineth, ye know, to the end he may be revealed in his own fitting time;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and now, what is keeping down ye have known, for his being revealed in his own time,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And now you know what withholdeth, that he may be revealed in his time.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And now yee know what withholdeth, that hee might bee reuealed in his time.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And now you know what [with]holdeth, that he may be revealed in his time.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And now, ye know what hindereth his being manifested in his time.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
now 3568
{3568} Prime
νῦν
nun
{noon}
A primary particle of present time; 'now' (as adverb of date, a transition or emphasis); also as noun or adjective present or immediate.
ye know 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
what withholdeth 2722
{2722} Prime
κατέχω
katecho
{kat-ekh'-o}
From G2596 and G2192; to hold down (fast), in various applications (literally or figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
that y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
he 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
might be revealed 601
{0601} Prime
ἀποκαλύπτω
apokalupto
{ap-ok-al-oop'-to}
From G0575 and G2572; to take off the cover, that is, disclose.
z5683
<5683> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 159
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
his 1438
{1438} Prime
ἑαυτοῦ
heautou
{heh-ow-too'}
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
time. 2540
{2540} Prime
καιρός
kairos
{kahee-ros'}
Of uncertain affinity; an occasion, that is, set or proper time.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Thessalonians 2:6

_ _ now ye know — by my having told you. The power must have been one “known” to the Thessalonians.

_ _ what withholdeth — that which holds him back; “keeps him in check”: the power that has restrained the man of sin from his full and final development, is the moral and conservative influence of political states [Olshausen]: the fabric of human polity as a coercive power; as “he who now letteth” refers to those who rule that polity by which the great upbursting of godlessness is kept down [Alford]. The “what withholdeth” refers to the general hindrance; “he who now letteth,” to the person in whom that hindrance is summed up. Romanism, as a forerunner of Antichrist, was thus kept in check by the Roman emperor (the then representative of the coercive power) until Constantine, having removed the seat of empire to Constantinople, the Roman bishop by degrees first raised himself to precedency, then to primacy, and then to sole empire above the secular power. The historical fact from which Paul starts in his prediction was probably the emperor Claudius’ expulsion of the Jews, the representative of the anti-Christian adversary in Paul’s day, from Rome, thus “withholding” them in some degree in their attacks on Christianity; this suggested the principle holding good to the end of time, and about to find its final fulfillment in the removal of the withholding person or authority, whereupon Antichrist in his worst shape shall start up.

_ _ that he might beGreek, “in order that”: ye know that which keeps him back, in God’s purposes, from being sooner manifested, “in order that he may be revealed in his own time” (that is, the time appointed by God to him as his proper time for being manifested), not sooner (compare Daniel 11:35). The removal of the withholding power will be when the civil polity, derived from the Roman empire, which is to be, in its last form, divided into ten kingdoms (Revelation 17:3, Revelation 17:11-13), shall, with its leading representative head for the time being (“he who now letteth,” Greek, “withholdeth,” as in 2 Thessalonians 2:6), yield to the prevalent godless “lawlessness” with “the lawless one” as its embodiment. The elect Church and the Spirit cannot well be, as Deuteronomy Burgh suggests, the withholding power meant; for both shall never be wholly “taken out of the way” (Matthew 28:20). However, the testimony of the elect Church, and the Spirit in her, are the great hindrance to the rise of the apostasy; and it is possible that, though the Lord shall have a faithful few even then, yet the full energy of the Spirit in the visible Church, counteracting the energy or “working” of “the mystery of lawlessness” by the testimony of the elect, shall have been so far “taken out of the way,” or set aside, as to admit the manifestation of “the lawless one”; and so Deuteronomy Burgh’s’s view may be right (Luke 18:8; Revelation 11:3-12). This was a power of which the Thessalonians might easily “know” through Paul’s instruction.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Thessalonians 2:3-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Thessalonians 2:6

And now ye know — By what I told you when I was with you. That which restraineth — The power of the Roman emperors. When this is taken away, the wicked one will be revealed. In his time — His appointed season, and not before.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Thessalonians 2:6

And now ye know (g) what withholdeth that he might be revealed in his time.

(g) What hinders and stops.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
withholdeth:
or, holdeth,
2 Thessalonians 2:7 For the mystery of iniquity doth already work: only he who now letteth [will let], until he be taken out of the way.

revealed:

2 Thessalonians 2:3 Let no man deceive you by any means: for [that day shall not come], except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition;
2 Thessalonians 2:8 And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming:
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