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2 Thessalonians 1:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— rendering vengeance to them that know not God, and to them that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— dealing out retribution to those who do not know God and to those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— in flaming fire taking vengeance on those who know not God, and those who do not obey the glad tidings of our Lord Jesus Christ;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— In a fiery flame; holding forth vengeance—against them that refuse to know God, and them who decline to hearken unto the glad-message of our Lord Jesus,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— in flaming fire, giving vengeance to those not knowing God, and to those not obeying the good news of our Lord Jesus Christ;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— In a flame of fire, giving vengeance to them who know not God and who obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— In flaming fire, taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the Gospel of our Lorde Iesus Christ,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— when he executeth the punishment, with burning of fire, on them who have not known Aloha, and on them who have not acknowledged the gospel of our Lord Jeshu Meshiha.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— when he will execute vengeance, with the burning of fire, on them that know not God, and on them that acknowledge not the gospel of our Lord Jesus the Messiah.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
In 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
flaming 5395
{5395} Prime
φλόξ
phlox
{flox}
From a primary φλέγω [[phlego]] (to 'flash' or 'flame'); a blaze.
fire 4442
{4442} Prime
πῦρ
pur
{poor}
A primary word; 'fire' (literally or figuratively, specifically lightning).
taking 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
vengeance 1557
{1557} Prime
ἐκδίκησις
ekdikesis
{ek-dik'-ay-sis}
From G1556; vindication, retribution.
on them that know 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5761
<5761> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 193
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
that obey 5219
{5219} Prime
ὑπακούω
hupakouo
{hoop-ak-oo'-o}
From G5259 and G0191; to hear under (as a subordinate), that is, to listen attentively; by implication to heed or conform to a command or authority.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
gospel 2098
{2098} Prime
εὐαγγέλιον
euaggelion
{yoo-ang-ghel'-ee-on}
From the same as G2097; a good message, that is, the gospel.
of our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
Lord 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
Christ: 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Thessalonians 1:8

_ _ In flaming fireGreek, “In flame of fire”; or, as other oldest manuscripts read, “in fire of flame.” This flame of fire accompanied His manifestation in the bush (Exodus 3:2); also His giving of the law at Sinai (Exodus 19:18). Also it shall accompany His revelation at His advent (Daniel 7:9, Daniel 7:10), symbolizing His own bright glory and His consuming vengeance against His foes (Hebrews 10:27; Hebrews 12:29; 2 Peter 3:7, 2 Peter 3:10).

_ _ taking — literally, “giving” them, as their portion, “vengeance.”

_ _ know not God — the Gentiles primarily (Psalms 79:6; Galatians 4:8; 1 Thessalonians 4:5); not of course those involuntarily not knowing God, but those willfully not knowing Him, as Pharaoh, who might have known God if he would, but who boasted “I know not the Lord” (Exodus 5:2); and as the heathen persecutors who might have known God by the preaching of those whom they persecuted. Secondarily, all who “profess to know God but in works deny Him” (Titus 1:16).

_ _ obey not the gospel — primarily the unbelieving Jews (Romans 10:3, Romans 10:16); secondarily, all who obey not the truth (Romans 2:8).

_ _ Christ — omitted by some of the oldest manuscripts, and retained by others.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Thessalonians 1:5-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Thessalonians 1:8

Taking vengeance — Does God barely permit this, or (as "the Lord" once "rained brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven," Genesis 19:24) does a fiery stream go forth from him for ever? Who know not God — (The root of all wickedness and misery) who remain in heathen ignorance. And who obey not — This refers chiefly to the Jews, who had heard the gospel.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Thessalonians 1:8

In flaming fire taking vengeance on them (6) that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:

(6) There is no knowledge of God to salvation, without the Gospel of Christ.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
flaming:

Genesis 3:24 So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.
Deuteronomy 4:11 And ye came near and stood under the mountain; and the mountain burned with fire unto the midst of heaven, with darkness, clouds, and thick darkness.
Deuteronomy 5:5 (I stood between the LORD and you at that time, to shew you the word of the LORD: for ye were afraid by reason of the fire, and went not up into the mount;) saying,
Psalms 21:8-9 Thine hand shall find out all thine enemies: thy right hand shall find out those that hate thee. ... Thou shalt make them as a fiery oven in the time of thine anger: the LORD shall swallow them up in his wrath, and the fire shall devour them.
Psalms 50:2-6 Out of Zion, the perfection of beauty, God hath shined. ... And the heavens shall declare his righteousness: for God [is] judge himself. Selah.
Daniel 7:10 A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him: thousand thousands ministered unto him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him: the judgment was set, and the books were opened.
Matthew 25:41 Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels:
Matthew 25:46 And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal.
Hebrews 10:27 But a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries.
Hebrews 12:29 For our God [is] a consuming fire.
2 Peter 3:7 But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men.
2 Peter 3:10-12 But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up. ... Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat?
Revelation 20:10 And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet [are], and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.
Revelation 20:14-15 And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. ... And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.
Revelation 21:8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.

taking:
or, yielding vengeance,
Deuteronomy 32:35 To me [belongeth] vengeance, and recompence; their foot shall slide in [due] time: for the day of their calamity [is] at hand, and the things that shall come upon them make haste.
Deuteronomy 32:41-42 If I whet my glittering sword, and mine hand take hold on judgment; I will render vengeance to mine enemies, and will reward them that hate me. ... I will make mine arrows drunk with blood, and my sword shall devour flesh; [and that] with the blood of the slain and of the captives, from the beginning of revenges upon the enemy.
Psalms 2:9-12 Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel. ... Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish [from] the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed [are] all they that put their trust in him.
Psalms 94:1 O LORD God, to whom vengeance belongeth; O God, to whom vengeance belongeth, shew thyself.
Isaiah 61:2 To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;
Isaiah 63:4-6 For the day of vengeance [is] in mine heart, and the year of my redeemed is come. ... And I will tread down the people in mine anger, and make them drunk in my fury, and I will bring down their strength to the earth.
Hebrews 10:30 For we know him that hath said, Vengeance [belongeth] unto me, I will recompense, saith the Lord. And again, The Lord shall judge his people.
Revelation 6:10 And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?
Revelation 6:16-17 And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb: ... For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?

that know:

Exodus 5:2 And Pharaoh said, Who [is] the LORD, that I should obey his voice to let Israel go? I know not the LORD, neither will I let Israel go.
1 Samuel 2:12 Now the sons of Eli [were] sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD.
Psalms 9:10 And they that know thy name will put their trust in thee: for thou, LORD, hast not forsaken them that seek thee.
Psalms 79:6 Pour out thy wrath upon the heathen that have not known thee, and upon the kingdoms that have not called upon thy name.
Isaiah 27:11 When the boughs thereof are withered, they shall be broken off: the women come, [and] set them on fire: for it [is] a people of no understanding: therefore he that made them will not have mercy on them, and he that formed them will shew them no favour.
Jeremiah 9:6 Thine habitation [is] in the midst of deceit; through deceit they refuse to know me, saith the LORD.
Zephaniah 1:6 And them that are turned back from the LORD; and [those] that have not sought the LORD, nor enquired for him.
John 3:19 And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil.
John 8:19 Then said they unto him, Where is thy Father? Jesus answered, Ye neither know me, nor my Father: if ye had known me, ye should have known my Father also.
Romans 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in [their] knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient;
1 Corinthians 15:34 Awake to righteousness, and sin not; for some have not the knowledge of God: I speak [this] to your shame.
1 Thessalonians 4:5 Not in the lust of concupiscence, even as the Gentiles which know not God:

and that:

Deuteronomy 4:30 When thou art in tribulation, and all these things are come upon thee, [even] in the latter days, if thou turn to the LORD thy God, and shalt be obedient unto his voice;
Psalms 18:44 As soon as they hear of me, they shall obey me: the strangers shall submit themselves unto me.
Isaiah 1:19 If ye be willing and obedient, ye shall eat the good of the land:
Acts 6:7 And the word of God increased; and the number of the disciples multiplied in Jerusalem greatly; and a great company of the priests were obedient to the faith.
Romans 1:5 By whom we have received grace and apostleship, for obedience to the faith among all nations, for his name:
Romans 2:7-8 To them who by patient continuance in well doing seek for glory and honour and immortality, eternal life: ... But unto them that are contentious, and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, indignation and wrath,
Romans 6:16 Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness?
Romans 10:16 But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report?
Romans 15:18 For I will not dare to speak of any of those things which Christ hath not wrought by me, to make the Gentiles obedient, by word and deed,
Romans 16:26 But now is made manifest, and by the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the everlasting God, made known to all nations for the obedience of faith:
2 Corinthians 10:5 Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ;
Galatians 3:1 O foolish Galatians, who hath bewitched you, that ye should not obey the truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been evidently set forth, crucified among you?
Hebrews 2:3 How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard [him];
Hebrews 5:9 And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him;
Hebrews 11:8 By faith Abraham, when he was called to go out into a place which he should after receive for an inheritance, obeyed; and he went out, not knowing whither he went.
1 Peter 1:2 Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.
1 Peter 3:6 Even as Sara obeyed Abraham, calling him lord: whose daughters ye are, as long as ye do well, and are not afraid with any amazement.
1 Peter 4:17 For the time [is come] that judgment must begin at the house of God: and if [it] first [begin] at us, what shall the end [be] of them that obey not the gospel of God?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 3:24. Ex 5:2. Dt 4:11, 30; 5:5; 32:35, 41. 1S 2:12. Ps 2:9; 9:10; 18:44; 21:8; 50:2; 79:6; 94:1. Is 1:19; 27:11; 61:2; 63:4. Jr 9:6. Dn 7:10. Zp 1:6. Mt 25:41, 46. Jn 3:19; 8:19. Ac 6:7. Ro 1:5, 28; 2:7; 6:16; 10:16; 15:18; 16:26. 1Co 15:34. 2Co 10:5. Ga 3:1. 1Th 4:5. He 2:3; 5:9; 10:27, 30; 11:8; 12:29. 1P 1:2; 3:6; 4:17. 2P 3:7, 10. Rv 6:10, 16; 20:10, 14; 21:8.

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