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2 Samuel 8:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And when Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now when Toi king of Hamath heard that David had defeated all the army of Hadadezer,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the forces of Hadadezer;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, when Tou king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the forces of Hadadezer,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Toi king of Hamath heareth that David hath smitten all the force of Hadadezer,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Thou the king of Emath heard that David had defeated all the forces of Adarezer.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— When Toi king of Hamath heard that Dauid had smitten all the hoste of Hadadezer,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Thou the king of Hemath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer{gr.Adraazar}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— When Toi king of Chamath heard that Dawid had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
When T` תֹּעִי 8583
{8583} Prime
תֹּעוּ
To`uw
{to'-oo}
From H8582; error; Tou or Toi, a Syran king.
king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of m חֲמָת 2574
{2574} Prime
חֲמָת
Chamath
{kham-awth'}
From the same as H2346; walled; Chamath, a place in Syria.
heard 8085
{8085} Prime
שָׁמַע
shama`
{shaw-mah'}
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
that x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
had smitten 5221
{5221} Prime
נָכָה
nakah
{naw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to strike (lightly or severely, literally or figuratively).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the host 2428
{2428} Prime
חַיִל
chayil
{khah'-yil}
From H2342; probably a force, whether of men, means or other resources; an army, wealth, virtue, valor, strength.
of Ha`ezer הֲדַדעֶזֶר, 1909
{1909} Prime
הֲדַדְעֶזֶר
Hadad`ezer
{had-ad-eh'-zer}
From H1908 and H5828; Hadad (is his) help; Hadadezer, a Syrian king.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Samuel 8:9

_ _ Toi king of Hamath — Coele-Syria; northwards, it extended to the city Hamath on the Orontes, which was the capital of the country. The Syrian prince, being delivered from the dread of a dangerous neighbor, sent his son with valuable presents to David to congratulate him on his victories, and solicit his alliance and protection.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

2 Samuel 8:9-14

_ _ Here is, 1. The court made to David by the king of Hamath, who, it seems was at this time at war with the king of Zobah. He hearing of David's success against his enemy, sent his own son ambassador to him (2 Samuel 8:9, 2 Samuel 8:10), to congratulate him on his victory, to return him thanks for the favour he had done him in breaking the power of one he was in fear of, and to beg his friendship. Thus he not only secured but strengthened himself. And David lost nothing by taking this little prince under his protection, any more than the old Romans did by the like policy; for the wealth he had from the countries he conquered by way of spoil he had from this by way of present or gratuity: Vessels of silver and gold. Better get by composition than by compulsion. 2. The offering David made to God of the spoils of the nations and all the rich things that were brought him. He dedicated all to the Lord, 2 Samuel 8:11, 2 Samuel 8:12. This crowned all his victories, and made them far to out-shine Alexander's or Caesar's, that they sought their own glory, but he aimed at the glory of God. All the precious things he was master of were dedicated things, that is, they were designed for the building of the temple; and a good omen it was of kindness to the Gentiles in the fulness of time, and of the making of God's house a house of prayer for all people, that the temple was built of the spoils and presents of Gentile nations, in allusion to which we find the kings of the earth bringing their glory and honour into the new Jerusalem, Revelation 21:24. Their gods of gold David burnt (2 Samuel 5:21), but their vessels of gold he dedicated. Thus in the conquest of a soul, by the grace of the Son of David, what stands in opposition to God must be destroyed, every lust mortified and crucified, but what may glorify him must be dedicated and the property of it altered. Even the merchandise and the hire must be holiness to the Lord (Isaiah 23:18), the gain consecrated to the Lord of the whole earth (Micah 4:13), and then it is truly our own and that most comfortably. 3. The reputation he got, in a particular manner, by his victory over the Syrians and their allies the Edomites, who acted in conjunction with them, as appears by comparing the title of the 60th Psalm, which was penned on this occasion, with 2 Samuel 8:13. He got himself a name for all that conduct and courage which are the praise of a great and distinguished general. Something extraordinary, it is likely, there was in that action, which turned very much to his honour, yet he is careful to transfer the honour to God, as appears by the psalm he penned on this occasion, 2 Samuel 8:12. It is through God that we do valiantly. 4. His success against the Edomites. They all became David's servants, 2 Samuel 8:14. Now, and not till now, Isaac's blessing was accomplished, by which Jacob was made Esau's Lord (Genesis 27:37-40) and the Edomites continued long tributary to the kings of Judah, as the Moabites were to the kings of Israel, till, in Joram's time, they revolted (2 Chronicles 21:8) as Isaac had there foretold that Esau should, in process of time, break the yoke from off his neck. Thus David by his conquests, (1.) Secured peace to his son, that he might have time to build the temple. And, (2.) Procured wealth for his son, that he might have wherewith to build it. God employs his servants variously, some in one employment, others in another, some in the spiritual battles, others in the spiritual buildings; and one prepares work for the other, that God may have the glory of all. All David's victories were typical of the success of the gospel against the kingdom of Satan, in which the Son of David rode forth, conquering and to conquer, and he shall reign till he has brought down all opposing rule, principality, and power: and he has, as David had (2 Samuel 8:2), a line to kill and a line to save; for the same gospel is to some a savour of life unto life, to others a savour of death unto death.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Toi:

1 Chronicles 18:9 Now when Tou king of Hamath heard how David had smitten all the host of Hadarezer king of Zobah;
, Tou

Hamath:

Amos 6:2 Pass ye unto Calneh, and see; and from thence go ye to Hamath the great: then go down to Gath of the Philistines: [be they] better than these kingdoms? or their border greater than your border?
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1Ch 18:9. Am 6:2.

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