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2 Samuel 8:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succor Hadadezer king of Zobah, David smote of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succour Hadadezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— When the Arameans of Damascus came to help Hadadezer, king of Zobah, David killed 22,000 Arameans.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succor Hadadezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, and David smote of the Syrians twenty-two thousand men.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, when the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadadezer, king of Zobah, David smote of the Syrians, twenty-two thousand men.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Aram of Damascus cometh to give help to Hadadezer king of Zobah, and David smiteth of Aram twenty and two thousand men;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the Syrians of Damascus came to succour Adarezer the king of Soba: and David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succour Hadadezer king of Zobah, Dauid slew of the Syrians two and twentie thousand men.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Syria of Damascus comes to help Hadadezer{gr.Adraazar} king of Zobah{gr.Suba}, and David smote twenty-two thousand men belonging to the Syrian.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And when the Arammim of Dammaseq came to succour Hadadezer king of Tzovah, Dawid slew of the Arammim two and twenty thousand men.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And when the rammm אֲרַמִּים 758
{0758} Prime
אֲרַם
'Aram
{a-rawm'}
From the same as H0759; the highland; Aram or Syria, and its inhabitants; also the name of a son of Shem, a grandson of Nahor, and of an Israelite.
of Damm$ek דַּמָּשֶׂק 1834
{1834} Prime
דַּמֶּשֶׂק
Dammeseq
{dam-meh'-sek}
Of foreign origin; Damascus, a city of Syria.
came 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to succour 5826
{5826} Prime
עָזַר
`azar
{aw-zar'}
A primitive root; to surround, that is, protect or aid.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
Ha`ezer הֲדַדעֶזֶר 1909
{1909} Prime
הֲדַדְעֶזֶר
Hadad`ezer
{had-ad-eh'-zer}
From H1908 and H5828; Hadad (is his) help; Hadadezer, a Syrian king.
king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Xv צוֹבָה, 6678
{6678} Prime
צוֹבָא
Tsowba'
{tso-baw'}
From an unused root meaning to station; a station; Zoba or Zobah, a region of Syria.
Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
slew 5221
{5221} Prime
נָכָה
nakah
{naw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to strike (lightly or severely, literally or figuratively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
of the rammm אֲרַמִּים 758
{0758} Prime
אֲרַם
'Aram
{a-rawm'}
From the same as H0759; the highland; Aram or Syria, and its inhabitants; also the name of a son of Shem, a grandson of Nahor, and of an Israelite.
two 8147
{8147} Prime
שְׁתַּיִם
sh@nayim
{shen-ah'-yim}
(The first form being dual of H8145; the second form being feminine); two; also (as ordinal) twofold.
and twenty 6242
{6242} Prime
עֶשְׂרִים
`esriym
{es-reem'}
From H6235; twenty; also (ordinal) twentieth.
thousand 505
{0505} Prime
אֶלֶף
'eleph
{eh'-lef}
Properly the same as H0504; hence (an ox's head being the first letter of the alphabet, and this eventually used as a numeral) a thousand.
men. 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Samuel 8:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Samuel 8:5

Of Damascus — That is, who were subject to Damascus, the chief city of Syria.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
And when:

1 Kings 11:23-25 And God stirred him up [another] adversary, Rezon the son of Eliadah, which fled from his lord Hadadezer king of Zobah: ... And he was an adversary to Israel all the days of Solomon, beside the mischief that Hadad [did]: and he abhorred Israel, and reigned over Syria.
1 Chronicles 18:5-6 And when the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadarezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men. ... Then David put [garrisons] in Syriadamascus; and the Syrians became David's servants, [and] brought gifts. Thus the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.
Isaiah 7:8 For the head of Syria [is] Damascus, and the head of Damascus [is] Rezin; and within threescore and five years shall Ephraim be broken, that it be not a people.

came:

Job 9:13 [If] God will not withdraw his anger, the proud helpers do stoop under him.
Psalms 83:4-8 They have said, Come, and let us cut them off from [being] a nation; that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance. ... Assur also is joined with them: they have holpen the children of Lot. Selah.
Isaiah 8:9-10 Associate yourselves, O ye people, and ye shall be broken in pieces; and give ear, all ye of far countries: gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces; gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces. ... Take counsel together, and it shall come to nought; speak the word, and it shall not stand: for God [is] with us.
Isaiah 31:3 Now the Egyptians [are] men, and not God; and their horses flesh, and not spirit. When the LORD shall stretch out his hand, both he that helpeth shall fall, and he that is holpen shall fall down, and they all shall fail together.

Zobah:
From
2 Chronicles 8:3 And Solomon went to Hamathzobah, and prevailed against it.
, we learn that Zobah was the district in which Tadmor or Palymyra was situated; and consequently lay between the land of Israel and the Euphrates. The capital was probably the same as the Sabe mentioned by Ptolemy as a city of Arabia Deserta.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1K 11:23. 1Ch 18:5. 2Ch 8:3. Jb 9:13. Ps 83:4. Is 7:8; 8:9; 31:3.

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