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2 Samuel 7:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And it came to pass, when the king dwelt in his house, and Jehovah had given him rest from all his enemies round about,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the LORD had given him rest round about from all his enemies;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now it came about when the king lived in his house, and the LORD had given him rest on every side from all his enemies,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the LORD had given him rest around from all his enemies;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And it came to pass when the king dwelt in his house, and Jehovah had given him rest round about from all his enemies,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And it came to pass, when the king had taken up his abode in his house,—and Yahweh had given him rest round about, from all his enemies,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And it cometh to pass, when the king sat in his house, and Jehovah hath given rest to him round about, from all his enemies,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And it came to pass when the king sat in his house, and the Lord had given him rest on every side from all his enemies,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And it came to passe, when the King sate in his house, and the LORD had giuen him rest round about fro all his enemies;
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And it came to pass when the king sat in his house, and the Lord had given him an inheritance on every side [free] from all his enemies round about him;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and Yahweh had given him rest round about from all his enemies;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And it came to pass, x1961
(1961) Complement
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
when x3588
(3588) Complement
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
the king 4428
{4428} Prime
From H4427; a king.
sat 3427
{3427} Prime
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
in his house, 1004
{1004} Prime
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
and Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
had given him rest 5117
{5117} Prime
A primitive root; to rest, that is, settle down; used in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, intransitively, transitively and causatively (to dwell, stay, let fall, place, let alone, withdraw, give comfort, etc.).
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
round about 5439
{5439} Prime
From H5437; (as noun) a circle, neighbor, or environs; but chiefly (as adverb, with or without preposition) around.
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
from all x4480
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
(3605) Complement
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
his enemies; 341
{0341} Prime
Active participle of H0340; hating; an adversary.
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Samuel 7:1

_ _ 2 Samuel 7:1-3. Nathan approves the purpose of David to build God a house.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

2 Samuel 7:1-3

_ _ Here is, I. David at rest. He sat in his house (2 Samuel 7:1), quiet and undisturbed, having no occasion to take the field: The Lord had given him rest round about, from all those that were enemies to his settlement in the throne, and he set himself to enjoy that rest. Though he was a man of war, he was for peace (Psalms 120:7) and did not delight in war. He had not been long at rest, nor was it long before he was again engaged in war; but at present he enjoyed a calm, and he was in his element when he was sitting in his house, meditating in the law of God.

_ _ II. David's thought of building a temple for the honour of God. He had built a palace for himself and a city for his servants; and now he thinks of building a habitation for the ark. 1. Thus he would make a grateful return for the honours God put upon him. Note, When God, in his providence, has remarkably done much for us, it should put us upon contriving what we may do for him and his glory. What shall I render unto the Lord? 2. Thus he would improve the present calm, and make a good use of the rest God had given him. Now that he was not called out to serve God and Israel in the high places of the field, he would employ his thoughts, and time, and estate, in serving him another way, and not indulge himself in ease, much less in luxury. When God, in his providence, gives us rest, and finds us little to do of worldly business, we must do so much the more for God and our souls. How different were the thoughts of David when he sat in his palace from Nebuchadnezzar's when he walked in his! Daniel 4:29, Daniel 4:30. That proud man thought of nothing but the might of his own power, and the honour of his own majesty; this humble soul is full of contrivance how to glorify God, and give honour to him. And how God resisteth the proud, and giveth grace and glory to the humble, the event showed. David considered (2 Samuel 7:2) the stateliness of his own habitation (I dwell in a house of cedar), and compared with that the meanness of the habitation of the ark (the ark dwells within curtains), and thought this incongruous, that he should dwell in a palace and the ark in a tent. David had been uneasy till he found out a place for the ark (Psalms 132:4, Psalms 132:5), and now he is uneasy till he finds out a better place. Gracious grateful souls, (1.) Never think they can do enough for God, but, when they have done much, are still projecting to do more and devising liberal things. (2.) They cannot enjoy their own accommodations while they see the church of God in distress and under a cloud. David can take little pleasure in a house of cedar for himself, unless the ark have one. Those who stretched themselves upon beds of ivory, and were not grieved for the affliction of Joseph, though they had David's music, had not David's spirit (Amos 6:4, Amos 6:6) nor those who dwelt in their ceiled houses while God's house lay waste.

_ _ III. His communicating this thought to Nathan the prophet. He told him, as a friend and confidant, whom he used to advise with. Could not David have gone about it himself? Was it not a good work? Was not he himself a prophet? Yes, but in the multitude of counsellors there is safety. David told him, that by him he might know the mind of God. It was certainly a good work, but it was uncertain whether it was the will of God that David should have the doing of it.

_ _ IV. Nathan's approbation of it: Go, do all that is in thy heart; for the Lord is with thee, 2 Samuel 7:3. We do not find that David told him that he purposed to build a temple, only that it was a trouble to him that there was not one built, from which Nathan easily gathered what was in his heart, and bade him go on and prosper. Note, We ought to do all we can to encourage and promote the good purposes and designs of others, and put in a good word, as we have opportunity, to forward a good work. Nathan spoke this, not in God's name, but as from himself; not as a prophet, but as a wise and good man; it was agreeable to the revealed will of God, which requires that all in their places should lay out themselves for the advancement of religion and the service of God, though it seems his secret will was otherwise, that David should not do this. It was Christ's prerogative always to speak the mind of God, which he perfectly knew. Other prophets spoke it only when the spirit of prophecy was upon them; but, if in any thing they mistook (as Samuel, 1 Samuel 16:6, and Nathan here) God soon rectified the mistake.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Samuel 7:1

Sat — That is, was settled in the house which Hiram's men had built for him, then he reflected upon the unsettled state of the ark.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the king:

1 Chronicles 17:1-15 Now it came to pass, as David sat in his house, that David said to Nathan the prophet, Lo, I dwell in an house of cedars, but the ark of the covenant of the LORD [remaineth] under curtains. ... According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David.
Daniel 4:29-30 At the end of twelve months he walked in the palace of the kingdom of Babylon. ... The king spake, and said, Is not this great Babylon, that I have built for the house of the kingdom by the might of my power, and for the honour of my majesty?


Joshua 21:44 And the LORD gave them rest round about, according to all that he sware unto their fathers: and there stood not a man of all their enemies before them; the LORD delivered all their enemies into their hand.
Joshua 23:1 And it came to pass a long time after that the LORD had given rest unto Israel from all their enemies round about, that Joshua waxed old [and] stricken in age.
1 Kings 5:4 But now the LORD my God hath given me rest on every side, [so that there is] neither adversary nor evil occurrent.
2 Chronicles 14:6 And he built fenced cities in Judah: for the land had rest, and he had no war in those years; because the LORD had given him rest.
Psalms 18:1 [[To the chief Musician, [A Psalm] of David, the servant of the LORD, who spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day [that] the LORD delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul: And he said,]] I will love thee, O LORD, my strength.
Proverbs 16:7 When a man's ways please the LORD, he maketh even his enemies to be at peace with him.
Luke 1:74-75 That he would grant unto us, that we being delivered out of the hand of our enemies might serve him without fear, ... In holiness and righteousness before him, all the days of our life.
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Jsh 21:44; 23:1. 1K 5:4. 1Ch 17:1. 2Ch 14:6. Ps 18:1. Pv 16:7. Dn 4:29. Lk 1:74.

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