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2 Samuel 6:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And David danced before Jehovah with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And David danced before the LORD with all [his] might; and David [was] girded with a linen ephod.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And David was dancing before the LORD with all [his] might, and David was wearing a linen ephod.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And David danced before the LORD with all [his] might; and David [was] girded with a linen ephod.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And David danced before Jehovah with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, David, was dancing with all boldness before Yahweh,—David, being girt with an ephod of linen.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And David is dancing with all strength before Jehovah, and David is girded with a linen ephod,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And David danced with all his might before the Lord: and David was girded with a linen ephod.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Dauid daunced before the LORD with all [his] might, and Dauid was girded with a linnen Ephod.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And David sounded with well-tuned instruments before the Lord, and David [was] clothed with a fine long robe.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Dawid danced before Yahweh with all [his] might; and Dawid [was] girded with a linen ephod.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
danced 3769
{3769} Prime
כָּרַר
karar
{kaw-rar'}
A primitive root; to dance (that is, whirl).
z8772
<8772> Grammar
Stem - Pilpel (See H8842)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 9
before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
with all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
[his] might; 5797
{5797} Prime
עֹז
`oz
{oze}
From H5810; strength in various applications (force, security, majesty, praise).
and Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
[was] girded 2296
{2296} Prime
חָגַר
chagar
{khaw-gar'}
A primitive root; to gird on (as a belt, armor, etc.).
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
with a linen 906
{0906} Prime
בַּד
bad
{bad}
Perhaps from H0909 (in the sense of divided fibres); flaxen thread or yarn; hence a linen garment.
ephod. 646
{0646} Prime
אֵפוֹד
'ephowd
{ay-fode'}
Second form is a rare form; probably of foreign derivation; a girdle; specifically the ephod or high priest's shoulder piece; also generally an image.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Samuel 6:14

_ _ David danced before the Lord — The Hebrews, like other ancient people, had their sacred dances, which were performed on their solemn anniversaries and other great occasions of commemorating some special token of the divine goodness and favor.

_ _ with all his might — intimating violent efforts of leaping, and divested of his royal mantle (in a state of undress), conduct apparently unsuitable to the gravity of age or the dignity of a king. But it was unquestionably done as an act of religious homage, his attitudes and dress being symbolic, as they have always been in Oriental countries, of penitence, joy, thankfulness, and devotion. [See on 1 Chronicles 15:27.]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Samuel 6:12-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Samuel 6:14

Danced — To express his thankfulness to God by his outward carriage, according to the manner of those times. Linen ephod — The usual habit of the priests and Levites, in their sacred ministrations yet sometimes worn by others, as it was by the young child Samuel; and so David, who laid by his royal robes, and put on this robe to declare, that although he was king of Israel, yet he willingly owned himself to be the Lord's minister and servant.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Samuel 6:14

And David danced before the LORD with all [his] might; and David [was] girded with a linen (g) ephod.

(g) With a garment like the priest's garment.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
danced:

Exodus 15:20 And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances.
Judges 11:34 And Jephthah came to Mizpeh unto his house, and, behold, his daughter came out to meet him with timbrels and with dances: and she [was his] only child; beside her he had neither son nor daughter.
Judges 21:21 And see, and, behold, if the daughters of Shiloh come out to dance in dances, then come ye out of the vineyards, and catch you every man his wife of the daughters of Shiloh, and go to the land of Benjamin.
Psalms 30:11 Thou hast turned for me my mourning into dancing: thou hast put off my sackcloth, and girded me with gladness;
Psalms 149:3 Let them praise his name in the dance: let them sing praises unto him with the timbrel and harp.
Psalms 150:4 Praise him with the timbrel and dance: praise him with stringed instruments and organs.
Luke 15:25 Now his elder son was in the field: and as he came and drew nigh to the house, he heard musick and dancing.

with all his:

Deuteronomy 6:5 And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.
Ecclesiastes 9:10 Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do [it] with thy might; for [there is] no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave, whither thou goest.
Colossians 3:23 And whatsoever ye do, do [it] heartily, as to the Lord, and not unto men;

girded:

1 Samuel 2:18 But Samuel ministered before the LORD, [being] a child, girded with a linen ephod.
1 Samuel 2:28 And did I choose him out of all the tribes of Israel [to be] my priest, to offer upon mine altar, to burn incense, to wear an ephod before me? and did I give unto the house of thy father all the offerings made by fire of the children of Israel?
1 Samuel 22:18 And the king said to Doeg, Turn thou, and fall upon the priests. And Doeg the Edomite turned, and he fell upon the priests, and slew on that day fourscore and five persons that did wear a linen ephod.
1 Chronicles 15:27 And David [was] clothed with a robe of fine linen, and all the Levites that bare the ark, and the singers, and Chenaniah the master of the song with the singers: David also [had] upon him an ephod of linen.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 15:20. Dt 6:5. Jg 11:34; 21:21. 1S 2:18, 28; 22:18. 1Ch 15:27. Ps 30:11; 149:3; 150:4. Ec 9:10. Lk 15:25. Col 3:23.

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