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2 Samuel 5:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And David said on that day, Whosoever smiteth the Jebusites, let him get up to the watercourse, and [smite] the lame and the blind, that are hated of David's soul. Wherefore they say, There are the blind and the lame; he cannot come into the house.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And David said on that day, Whosoever getteth up to the gutter, and smiteth the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind, [that are] hated of David's soul, [he shall be chief and captain]. Wherefore they said, The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— David said on that day, “Whoever would strike the Jebusites, let him reach the lame and the blind, who are hated by David’s soul, through the water tunnel.” Therefore they say, “The blind or the lame shall not come into the house.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And David said on that day, Whoever getteth up to the gutter, and smiteth the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind, [that are] hated by David's soul, [he shall be chief and captain]: Wherefore they said, The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And David said on that day, Whoever smites the Jebusites and gets up to the watercourse, and the lame and the blind hated of David's soul ... ! Therefore they say, The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And David said, on that day—Whosoever is smiting the Jebusites, then let him reach as far as the aqueduct. But, as for the lame and the blind, they were the hated of David's soul,—for which cause, they kept on saying, Blind and lame! he will not enter the place.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And David saith on that day, 'Any one smiting the Jebusite, (let him go up by the watercourse), and the lame and the blind—the hated of David's soul,'—because the blind and lame say, 'He doth not come into the house.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For David had offered that day a reward to whosoever should strike the Jebusites and get up to the gutters of the tops of the houses, and take away the blind and the lame that hated the soul of David: therefore it is said in the proverb: The blind and the lame shall not come into the temple.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Dauid said on that day, Whosoeuer getteth vp to the gutter, and smiteth the Iebusites, and the lame, and the blind, [that are] hated of Dauids soule, [he shall be chiefe and captaine]: Wherefore they said, The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And David said on that day, Every one that smites the Jebusite, let him attack with the dagger both the lame and the blind, and those that hate the soul of David. Therefore they say, The lame and the blind shall not enter into the house of the Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Dawid said on that day, Whosoever getteth up to the gutter, and smiteth the Yevusim, and the lame and the blind, [that are] hated of Dawid's soul, [he shall be chief and captain]. Wherefore they said, The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
said 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
on that x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
day, 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
Whosoever x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
getteth up 5060
{5060} Prime
נגע
naga`
{naw-gah'}
A primitive root; properly to touch, that is, lay the hand upon (for any purpose; euphemistically, to lie with a woman); by implication to reach (figuratively to arrive, acquire); violently, to strike (punish, defeat, destroy, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to the gutter, 6794
{6794} Prime
צִנּוֹר
tsinnuwr
{tsin-noor'}
From an unused root perhaps meaning to be hollow; a culvert.
and smiteth 5221
{5221} Prime
נָכָה
nakah
{naw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to strike (lightly or severely, literally or figuratively).
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
the Yvsm יְבוּסִים, 2983
{2983} Prime
יְבוּסִי
Y@buwciy
{yeb-oo-see'}
Patrial from H2982; a Jebusite or inhabitant of Jebus.
and the lame 6455
{6455} Prime
פִּסֵּחַ
picceach
{pis-say'-akh}
From H6452; lame.
and the blind, 5787
{5787} Prime
עִוֵּר
`ivver
{iv-vare'}
Intensive from H5786; blind (literally or figuratively).
[that are] hated 8130
{8130} Prime
שָׂנֵא
sane'
{saw-nay'}
A primitive root; to hate (personally).
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
of Dwi's דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
soul, 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
[he shall be chief and captain]. Wherefore x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
x3651
(3651) Complement
כֵּן
ken
{kane}
From H3559; properly set upright; hence (figuratively as adjective) just; but usually (as adverb or conjugation) rightly or so (in various applications to manner, time and relation; often with other particles).
they said, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
The blind 5787
{5787} Prime
עִוֵּר
`ivver
{iv-vare'}
Intensive from H5786; blind (literally or figuratively).
and the lame 6455
{6455} Prime
פִּסֵּחַ
picceach
{pis-say'-akh}
From H6452; lame.
shall not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
come 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
into x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the house. 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Samuel 5:8

_ _ Whosoever getteth up to the gutter — This is thought by some to mean a subterranean passage; by others a spout through which water was poured upon the fire which the besiegers often applied to the woodwork at the gateways, and by the projections of which a skilful climber might make his ascent good; a third class render the words, “whosoever dasheth them against the precipice” (1 Chronicles 11:6).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Samuel 5:6-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Samuel 5:8

To the gutter — That is, whosoever scaleth the fort, or getteth up to the top of it, where the gutter was. That are hated — The Jebusites, and the lame, and the blind, Who had probably themselves insulted him, and blasphemed God. He shall be — These words are fitly supplied out of 1 Chronicles 11:6, where they are expressed. They said &c. — That is, whence it became a proverb, or a common saying, used by David, and others, the blind and the lame Jebusites, were set to keep the house, that is, the fort of Zion; and to keep others from coming into it; but now they are shut out of it, and none of them, either of the Jebusites, or of blind and lame persons, shall be admitted to come into it again. Which David might ordain, to keep up the memory of this great exploit, and of the insolent carriage of the Jebusites.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Samuel 5:8

And David said on that day, Whosoever getteth up to the gutter, and smiteth the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind, [that are] hated of David's soul, [he shall be chief and captain]. Wherefore they said, The blind and the lame shall not (d) come into the house.

(d) The idols should no longer enter into that place.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Whosoever:

Joshua 15:16-17 And Caleb said, He that smiteth Kirjathsepher, and taketh it, to him will I give Achsah my daughter to wife. ... And Othniel the son of Kenaz, the brother of Caleb, took it: and he gave him Achsah his daughter to wife.
1 Samuel 17:25 And the men of Israel said, Have ye seen this man that is come up? surely to defy Israel is he come up: and it shall be, [that] the man who killeth him, the king will enrich him with great riches, and will give him his daughter, and make his father's house free in Israel.

he shall be:

1 Chronicles 11:6-9 And David said, Whosoever smiteth the Jebusites first shall be chief and captain. So Joab the son of Zeruiah went first up, and was chief. ... So David waxed greater and greater: for the LORD of hosts [was] with him.

Wherefore:
etc. or, Because they had said, even the blind and the lame, he shall not come into the house
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Jsh 15:16. 1S 17:25. 1Ch 11:6.

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