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2 Samuel 5:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now the Philistines came up once again and spread themselves out in the valley of Rephaim.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the Philistines came yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, yet again, did the Philistines come up,—and they spread themselves out in the vale of Rephaim.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the Philistines add again to come up, and are spread out in the valley of Rephaim,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the Philistines came up again and spread themselves into the valley of Raphaim.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the Philistines came vp yet againe, and spread themselues in the valley of Rephaim.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the Philistines came up yet again, and assembled in the valley of Giants.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the Pelishtim came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of Refaim.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the Plitm פְּלִשׁתִּים 6430
{6430} Prime
פְּלִשְׁתִּי
P@lishtiy
{pel-ish-tee'}
Patrial from H6429; a Pelishtite or inhabitant of Pelesheth.
came up 5927
{5927} Prime
עָלָה
`alah
{aw-law'}
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
yet x5750
(5750) Complement
עוֹד
`owd
{ode}
From H5749; properly iteration or continuance; used only adverbially (with or without preposition), again, repeatedly, still, more.
again, 3254
{3254} Prime
יָסַף
yacaph
{yaw-saf'}
A primitive root; to add or augment (often adverbially to continue to do a thing).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
and spread y5203
[5203] Standard
נָטַשׁ
natash
{naw-tash'}
A primitive root; properly to pound, that is, smite; by implication (as if beating out, and thus expanding) to disperse; also, to thrust off, down, out or upon (including reject, let alone, permit, remit, etc.).
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
themselves x5203
(5203) Complement
נָטַשׁ
natash
{naw-tash'}
A primitive root; properly to pound, that is, smite; by implication (as if beating out, and thus expanding) to disperse; also, to thrust off, down, out or upon (including reject, let alone, permit, remit, etc.).
in the valley 6010
{6010} Prime
עֵמֶק
`emeq
{ay'-mek}
From H6009; a vale (that is, broad depression).
of Rfm רְפָאִים. 7497
{7497} Prime
רָפָא
rapha'
{raw-faw'}
From H7495 in the sense of invigorating; a giant.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Samuel 5:22

_ _ the Philistines came up yet again — The next year they renewed their hostile attempt with a larger force, but God manifestly interposed in David’s favor.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Samuel 5:17-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Samuel 5:22

And spread themselves — The expression intimates, that they were very numerous, and made a very formidable appearance. So we read, Revelation 20:9, of the church's enemies going up on the breadth of the earth. But the wider they spread themselves, the fairer mark they are for God's arrows.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Samuel 5:22

And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of (g) Rephaim.

(g) Meaning the valley of giants, which David called Baalperazim, because of his victory.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
came up:

1 Kings 20:22 And the prophet came to the king of Israel, and said unto him, Go, strengthen thyself, and mark, and see what thou doest: for at the return of the year the king of Syria will come up against thee.
1 Chronicles 14:13 And the Philistines yet again spread themselves abroad in the valley.
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1K 20:22. 1Ch 14:13.

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