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2 Samuel 5:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now the Philistines had come and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now the Philistines came and spread themselves out in the valley of Rephaim.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the Philistines came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, the Philistines, had come,—and had spread themselves out in the vale of Rephaim.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the Philistines have come, and are spread out in the valley of Rephaim.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the Philistines coming spread themselves in the valley of Raphaim.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The Philistines also came, and spred themselues in the valley of Rephaim.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the Philistines came, and assembled in the valley of the giants.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The Pelishtim also came and spread themselves in the valley of Refaim.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The Plitm פְּלִשׁתִּים 6430
{6430} Prime
פְּלִשְׁתִּי
P@lishtiy
{pel-ish-tee'}
Patrial from H6429; a Pelishtite or inhabitant of Pelesheth.
also came 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and spread y5203
[5203] Standard
נָטַשׁ
natash
{naw-tash'}
A primitive root; properly to pound, that is, smite; by implication (as if beating out, and thus expanding) to disperse; also, to thrust off, down, out or upon (including reject, let alone, permit, remit, etc.).
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
themselves x5203
(5203) Complement
נָטַשׁ
natash
{naw-tash'}
A primitive root; properly to pound, that is, smite; by implication (as if beating out, and thus expanding) to disperse; also, to thrust off, down, out or upon (including reject, let alone, permit, remit, etc.).
in the valley 6010
{6010} Prime
עֵמֶק
`emeq
{ay'-mek}
From H6009; a vale (that is, broad depression).
of Rfm רְפָאִים. 7497
{7497} Prime
רָפָא
rapha'
{raw-faw'}
From H7495 in the sense of invigorating; a giant.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Samuel 5:18

_ _ valley of Rephaim — that is, “of giants,” a broad and fertile plain, which descends gradually from the central mountains towards the northwest. It was the route by which they marched against Jerusalem. The “hold” to which David went down “was some fortified place where he might oppose the progress of the invaders,” and where he signally defeated them.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Samuel 5:17-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the valley:

2 Samuel 23:13 And three of the thirty chief went down, and came to David in the harvest time unto the cave of Adullam: and the troop of the Philistines pitched in the valley of Rephaim.
Genesis 14:5 And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer, and the kings that [were] with him, and smote the Rephaims in Ashteroth Karnaim, and the Zuzims in Ham, and the Emims in Shaveh Kiriathaim,
Joshua 15:8 And the border went up by the valley of the son of Hinnom unto the south side of the Jebusite; the same [is] Jerusalem: and the border went up to the top of the mountain that [lieth] before the valley of Hinnom westward, which [is] at the end of the valley of the giants northward:
1 Chronicles 11:15 Now three of the thirty captains went down to the rock to David, into the cave of Adullam; and the host of the Philistines encamped in the valley of Rephaim.
Isaiah 17:5 And it shall be as when the harvestman gathereth the corn, and reapeth the ears with his arm; and it shall be as he that gathereth ears in the valley of Rephaim.
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Gn 14:5. Jsh 15:8. 2S 23:13. 1Ch 11:15. Is 17:5.

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