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2 Samuel 5:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar-trees, and carpenters, and masons; and they built David a house.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons: and they built David an house.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David with cedar trees and carpenters and stonemasons; and they built a house for David.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar-trees, and carpenters, and masons: and they built David a house.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and timber of cedars, and carpenters, and masons; and they built David a house.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then Hiram, king of Tyre, sent messengers unto David, with cedar-wood, and carpenters, and masons, and they built a house for David.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Hiram king of Tyre sendeth messengers unto David, and cedar-trees, and artificers of wood, and artificers of stone, for walls, and they build a house for David,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Hiram the king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons for walls: and they built a house for David.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to Dauid, and Cedar trees, and carpenters, and Masons: and they built Dauid an house.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Huram{gr.Chiram} king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar wood, and carpenters, and stone-masons: and they built a house for David.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Chiram king of Tzor sent messengers to Dawid, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons: and they built Dawid an house.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And rm חִירָם 2438
{2438} Prime
חִירָם
Chiyram
{khee-rawm'}
Another form of H2361; Chiram or Chirom, the name of two Tyrians.
king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Xr צוֹר 6865
{6865} Prime
צֹר
Tsor
{tsore}
The same as H6864; a rock; Tsor, a place in Palestine.
sent 7971
{7971} Prime
שָׁלַח
shalach
{shaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; to send away, for, or out (in a great variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
messengers 4397
{4397} Prime
מַלְאָךְ
mal'ak
{mal-awk'}
From an unused root meaning to despatch as a deputy; a messenger; specifically of God, that is, an angel (also a prophet, priest or teacher).
to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Dwi דָּוִד, 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
and cedar 730
{0730} Prime
אֶרֶז
'erez
{eh-rez'}
From H0729; a cedar tree (from the tenacity of its roots).
trees, 6086
{6086} Prime
עֵץ
`ets
{ates}
From H6095; a tree (from its firmness); hence wood (plural sticks).
and carpenters, 2796
{2796} Prime
חָרָשׁ
charash
{khaw-rawsh'}
From H2790; a fabricator of any material.
x6086
(6086) Complement
עֵץ
`ets
{ates}
From H6095; a tree (from its firmness); hence wood (plural sticks).
and masons: 7023
{7023} Prime
קִיר
qiyr
{keer}
From H6979; a wall (as built in a trench).
y68
[0068] Standard
אֶבֶן
'eben
{eh'-ben}
From the root of H1129 through the meaning, to build; a stone.
x2796
(2796) Complement
חָרָשׁ
charash
{khaw-rawsh'}
From H2790; a fabricator of any material.
x18
(0018) Complement
אֵבוּס
'ebuwc
{ay-booce'}
From H0075; a manger or stall.
and they built 1129
{1129} Prime
בָּנָה
banah
{baw-naw'}
A primitive root; to build (literally and figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
an house. 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Samuel 5:11-12

_ _ Hiram ... sent carpenters, and masons — The influx of Tyrian architects and mechanics affords a clear evidence of the low state to which, through the disorders of long-continued war, the better class of artisans had declined in Israel.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

2 Samuel 5:11-16

_ _ Here is, I. David's house built, a royal palace, fit for the reception of the court he kept and the homage that was paid to him, 2 Samuel 5:11. The Jews were husbandmen and shepherds, and did not much addict themselves either to merchandise or manufactures; and therefore Hiram, king of Tyre, a wealthy prince, when he sent to congratulate David on his accession to the throne, offered him workmen to build him a house. David thankfully accepted the offer, and Hiram's workmen built David a house to his mind. Many have excelled in arts and sciences who were strangers to the covenants of promise. Yet David's house was never the worse, nor the less fit to be dedicated to God, for being built by the sons of the stranger. It is prophesied of the gospel church, The sons of the strangers shall build up thy walls, and their kings shall minister unto thee, Isaiah 60:10.

_ _ II. David's government settled and built up, 2 Samuel 5:12. 1. His kingdom was established, there was nothing to shake it, none to disturb his possession or question his title. He that made him king established him, because he was to be a type of Christ, with whom God's hand should be established, and his covenant stand fast, Psalms 89:21-28. Saul was made king, but not established; so Adam in innocency. David was established king, so is the Son of David, with all who through him are made to our God kings and priests. 2. It was exalted in the eyes both of its friends and enemies. Never had the nation of Israel looked so great or made such a figure as it began now to do. Thus it is promised of Christ that he shall be higher than the kings of the earth, Psalms 89:27. God has highly exalted him, Philippians 2:9. 3. David perceived, by the wonderful concurrence of providences to his establishment and advancement, that God was with him. By this I know that thou favourest me, Psalms 41:11. Many have the favour of God and do not perceive it, and so want the comfort of it: but to be exalted to that and established in it, and to perceive it, is happiness enough. 4. He owned that it was for his people Israel's sake that God had done great things for him, that he might be a blessing to them and they might be happy under his administration. God did not make Israel his subjects for his sake, that he might be great, and rich, and absolute: but he made him their king for their sake, that he might lead, and guide, and protect them. Kings are ministers of God to their people for good, Romans 13:4.

_ _ III. David's family multiplied and increased. All the sons that were born to him after he came to Jerusalem are here mentioned together, eleven in all, besides the six that were born to him before in Hebron, 2 Samuel 3:2, 2 Samuel 3:5. There the mothers are mentioned, not here; only, in general, it is said that he took more concubines and wives, 2 Samuel 5:13. Shall we praise him for this? We praise him not; we justify him not; nor can we scarcely excuse him. The bad example of the patriarchs might make him think there was no harm in it, and he might hope it would strengthen his interest, by multiplying his alliances, and increasing the royal family. Happy is the man that has his quiver full of these arrows. But one vine by the side of the house, with the blessing of God, may send boughs to the sea and branches to the rivers. Adam, by one wife, peopled the world, and Noah re-peopled it. David had many wives, and yet that did not keep him from coveting his neighbour's wife and defiling her; for men that have once broken the fence will wander endlessly. Of David's concubines, see 2 Samuel 15:16; 2 Samuel 16:22; 2 Samuel 19:5. Of his sons, see 1 Chronicles 3:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Hiram:

1 Kings 5:1-2 And Hiram king of Tyre sent his servants unto Solomon; for he had heard that they had anointed him king in the room of his father: for Hiram was ever a lover of David. ... And Solomon sent to Hiram, saying,
1 Kings 5:8-9 And Hiram sent to Solomon, saying, I have considered the things which thou sentest to me for: [and] I will do all thy desire concerning timber of cedar, and concerning timber of fir. ... My servants shall bring [them] down from Lebanon unto the sea: and I will convey them by sea in floats unto the place that thou shalt appoint me, and will cause them to be discharged there, and thou shalt receive [them]: and thou shalt accomplish my desire, in giving food for my household.
1 Chronicles 14:1 Now Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and timber of cedars, with masons and carpenters, to build him an house.

masons:
Heb. hewers of the stone of the wall

they built:

2 Samuel 7:2 That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains.
1 Kings 7:1-12 But Solomon was building his own house thirteen years, and he finished all his house. ... And the great court round about [was] with three rows of hewed stones, and a row of cedar beams, both for the inner court of the house of the LORD, and for the porch of the house.
Ecclesiastes 2:4-11 I made me great works; I builded me houses; I planted me vineyards: ... Then I looked on all the works that my hands had wrought, and on the labour that I had laboured to do: and, behold, all [was] vanity and vexation of spirit, and [there was] no profit under the sun.
Jeremiah 22:14-16 That saith, I will build me a wide house and large chambers, and cutteth him out windows; and [it is] cieled with cedar, and painted with vermilion. ... He judged the cause of the poor and needy; then [it was] well [with him: was] not this to know me? saith the LORD.
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2S 7:2. 1K 5:1, 8; 7:1. 1Ch 14:1. Ec 2:4. Jr 22:14.

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