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2 Samuel 5:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we [are] thy bone and thy flesh.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then all the tribes of Israel came to David at Hebron and said, “Behold, we are your bone and your flesh.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then came all the tribes of Israel to David to Hebron, and spoke, saying, Behold, we [are] thy bone and thy flesh.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Then came all the tribes of Israel to David to Hebron, and spoke, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then came all the tribes of Israel unto David, in Hebron,—and spake, saying—Behold us! thy bone and thy flesh, we are.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And all the tribes of Israel come unto David, to Hebron, and speak, saying, 'Lo, we [are] thy bone and thy flesh;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Then all the tribes of Israel came to David in Hebron, saying: Behold we are thy bone and thy flesh.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then came all the tribes of Israel to Dauid vnto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone, and thy flesh.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And all the tribes of Israel come to David to Hebron{gr.Chebron}, and they said to him, Behold, we [are] thy bone and thy flesh.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then came all the tribes of Yisrael to Dawid unto Chevron, and spake, saying, Behold, we [are] thy bone and thy flesh.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then came 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the tribes 7626
{7626} Prime
שֵׁבֶט
shebet
{shay'-bet}
From an unused root probably meaning to branch off; a scion, that is, (literally) a stick (for punishing, writing, fighting, ruling, walking, etc.) or (figuratively) a clan.
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
unto evrn חֶברוֹן, 2275
{2275} Prime
חֶבְרוֹן
Chebrown
{kheb-rone'}
From H2267; seat of association; Chebron, a place in Palestine, also the name of two Israelites.
and spake, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
saying, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
Behold, x2009
(2009) Complement
הִנֵּה
hinneh
{hin-nay'}
Prolonged for H2005; lo!.
we x587
(0587) Complement
אֲנַחְנוּ
'anachnuw
{an-akh'-noo}
Apparently from H0595; we.
[are] thy bone 6106
{6106} Prime
עֶצֶם
`etsem
{eh'-tsem}
From H6105; a bone (as strong); by extension the body; figuratively the substance, that is, (as pronoun) selfsame.
and thy flesh. 1320
{1320} Prime
בָּשָׂר
basar
{baw-sawr'}
From H1319; flesh (from its freshness); by extension body, person; also (by euphemism) the pudenda of a man.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Samuel 5:1-2

_ _ 2 Samuel 5:1-5. The tribes anoint David king over Israel.

_ _ Then came all the tribes of Israel — a combined deputation of the leading authorities in every tribe. [See on 1 Chronicles 11:1.] David possessed the first and indispensable qualification for the throne; namely, that of being an Israelite (Deuteronomy 17:15). Of his military talent he had furnished ample proof. And the people’s desire for his assumption of the government of Israel was further increased by their knowledge of the will and purpose of God, as declared by Samuel (1 Samuel 16:11-13).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

2 Samuel 5:1-5

_ _ Here is, I. The humble address of all the tribes to David, beseeching him to take upon him the government (for they were now as sheep having no shepherd), and owning him for their king. Though David might by no means approve the murder of Ish-bosheth, yet he might improve the advantages he gained thereby, and accept the applications made to him thereupon. Judah had submitted to David as their king above seven years ago, and their ease and happiness, under his administration, encouraged the rest of the tribes to make their court to him. What numbers came from each tribe, with what zeal and sincerity they came, and how they were entertained for three days at Hebron, when they were all of one heart to make David king, we have a full account, 1 Chr. 12:23-40. Here we have only the heads of their address, containing the grounds they went upon in making David king. 1. Their relation to him was some inducement: “We are thy bone and thy flesh (2 Samuel 5:1), not only thou art our bone and our flesh, not a stranger, unqualified by the law to be king (Deuteronomy 17:15), but we are thine,” that is, “we know that thou considerest us as thy bone and thy flesh, and hast as tender a concern for us as a man has for his own body, which Saul and his house had not. We are thy bone and thy flesh, and therefore thou wilt be as glad as we shall be to put an end to this long civil war; and thou wilt take pity on us, protect us, and do thy utmost for our welfare.” Those who take Christ for their king may thus plead with him: “We are thy bone and thy flesh, thou hast made thyself in all things like unto thy brethren (Hebrews 2:17); therefore be thou our ruler, and let this ruin be under thy hand,” Isaiah 3:6. 2. His former good services to the public were a further inducement (2 Samuel 5:2): “When Saul was king he was but the cypher, thou wast the figure, thou wast he that leddest out Israel to battle, and broughtest them in in triumph; and therefore who so fit now to fill the vacant throne?” He that is faithful in a little deserves to be entrusted with more. Former good offices done for us should be gratefully remembered by us when there is occasion. 3. The divine appointment was the greatest inducement of all: The Lord said, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, that is, thou shalt rule them; for princes are to feed their people as shepherds, in every thing consulting the subjects' benefit, feeding them and not fleecing them. “And thou shalt be not only a king to govern in peace, but a captain to preside in war, and be exposed to all the toils and perils of the camp.” Since God has said so, now at length, when need drives them to it, they are persuaded to say so too.

_ _ II. The public and solemn inauguration of David, 2 Samuel 5:3. A convention of the states was called; all the elders of Israel came to him; the contract was settled, the pacta conventacovenants, sworn to, and subscribed on both sides. He obliged himself to protect them as their judge in peace and captain in war; and they obliged themselves to obey him. He made a league with them to which God was a witness: it was before the Lord. Hereupon he was, for the third time, anointed king. His advances were gradual, that his faith might be tried and that he might gain experience. And thus his kingdom typified that of the Messiah, which was to come to its height by degrees; for we see not yet all things put under him (Hebrews 2:8), but we shall see it, 1 Corinthians 15:25.

_ _ III. A general account of his reign and age. He was thirty years old when he began to reign, upon the death of Saul, 2 Samuel 5:4. At that age the Levites were at first appointed to begin their administration, Numbers 4:3. About that age the Son of David entered upon his public ministry, Luke 3:23. Then men come to their full maturity of strength and judgment. He reigned, in all, forty years and six months, of which seven years and a half in Hebron and thirty-three years in Jerusalem, 2 Samuel 5:5. Hebron had been famous, Joshua 14:15. It was a priest's city. But Jerusalem was to be more so, and to be the holy city. Great kings affected to raise cities of their own, Genesis 10:11, 36, 32-35. David did so, and Jerusalem was the city of David. It is a name famous to the end of the Bible (Rev. 21), where we read of a new Jerusalem.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Samuel 5:1

Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we [are] thy (a) bone and thy flesh.

(a) We are of your kindred and closely related to you.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
came:

1 Chronicles 11:1-3 Then all Israel gathered themselves to David unto Hebron, saying, Behold, we [are] thy bone and thy flesh. ... Therefore came all the elders of Israel to the king to Hebron; and David made a covenant with them in Hebron before the LORD; and they anointed David king over Israel, according to the word of the LORD by Samuel.
1 Chronicles 12:23-40 And these [are] the numbers of the bands [that were] ready armed to the war, [and] came to David to Hebron, to turn the kingdom of Saul to him, according to the word of the LORD. ... Moreover they that were nigh them, [even] unto Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought bread on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, [and] meat, meal, cakes of figs, and bunches of raisins, and wine, and oil, and oxen, and sheep abundantly: for [there was] joy in Israel.

we:

2 Samuel 19:13 And say ye to Amasa, [Art] thou not of my bone, and of my flesh? God do so to me, and more also, if thou be not captain of the host before me continually in the room of Joab.
Genesis 29:14 And Laban said to him, Surely thou [art] my bone and my flesh. And he abode with him the space of a month.
Deuteronomy 17:15 Thou shalt in any wise set [him] king over thee, whom the LORD thy God shall choose: [one] from among thy brethren shalt thou set king over thee: thou mayest not set a stranger over thee, which [is] not thy brother.
Judges 9:2 Speak, I pray you, in the ears of all the men of Shechem, Whether [is] better for you, either that all the sons of Jerubbaal, [which are] threescore and ten persons, reign over you, or that one reign over you? remember also that I [am] your bone and your flesh.
Ephesians 5:30 For we are members of his body, of his flesh, and of his bones.
Hebrews 2:14 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 29:14. Dt 17:15. Jg 9:2. 2S 19:13. 1Ch 11:1; 12:23. Ep 5:30. He 2:14.

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