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2 Samuel 3:30 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— So Joab and Abishai his brother slew Abner, because he had killed their brother Asahel at Gibeon in the battle.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— So Joab and Abishai his brother slew Abner, because he had slain their brother Asahel at Gibeon in the battle.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So Joab and Abishai his brother killed Abner because he had put their brother Asahel to death in the battle at Gibeon.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— So Joab and Abishai his brother slew Abner, because he had slain their brother Asahel at Gibeon in the battle.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— So Joab and Abishai his brother killed Abner, because he had slain their brother Asahel at Gibeon in the battle.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thus, Joab and Abishai his brother, slew Abner,—because he had caused the death of Asahel their brother, in Gibeon, in the battle.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Joab and Abishai his brother slew Abner because that he put to death Asahel their brother, in Gibeon, in battle.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— So Joab and Abisai his brother slew Abner, because he had killed their brother Asael at Gabaon in the battle.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— So Ioab and Abishai his brother slew Abner, because he had slaine their brother Asahel at Gibeon in the battell.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For Joab and Abishai{gr.Abessa} his brother laid wait continually for Abner{gr.Abenner}, because he slew Asahel{gr.Asael} their brother at Gibeon{gr.Gabaon} in the battle.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— So Yoav and Avishay his brother slew Avner, because he had slain their brother Asah El at Givon in the battle.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
So Yv יוֹאָב 3097
{3097} Prime
יוֹאָב
Yow'ab
{yo-awb'}
From H3068 and H0001; Jehovah-fathered; Joab, the name of three Israelites.
and vay אֲבִישַׁי 52
{0052} Prime
אֲבִישַׁי
'Abiyshay
{ab-ee-shah'ee}
From H0001 and H7862; father of a gift (that is, probably generous); Abishai, an Israelite.
his brother 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
slew 2026
{2026} Prime
הָרַג
harag
{haw-rag'}
A primitive root; to smite with deadly intent.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Avnr אַבנֵר, 74
{0074} Prime
אַבְנֵר
'Abner
{ab-nare'}
From H0001 and H5216; father of light (that is, enlightening); Abner, an Israelite.
because x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
he had slain 4191
{4191} Prime
מָמוֹת
muwth
{mooth}
A primitive root; to die (literally or figuratively); causatively to kill.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
their brother 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
`$ l עֲשָׂה־אֵל 6214
{6214} Prime
עֲשָׂהאֵל
`Asah'el
{as-aw-ale'}
From H6213 and H0410; God has made; Asahel, the name of four Israelites.
at Giv`n גִּבעוֹן 1391
{1391} Prime
גִּבְעוֹן
Gib`own
{ghib-ohn'}
From the same as H1387; hilly; Gibon, a place in Palestine.
in the battle. 4421
{4421} Prime
מִלְחָמָה
milchamah
{mil-khaw-maw'}
From H3898 (in the sense of fighting); a battle (that is, the engagement); generally war (that is, warfare).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Samuel 3:22-39.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Samuel 3:30

Abishai — For though Joab only committed the murder, yet Abishai was guilty of it, because it was done with his consent, and counsel, and approbation. In battle — Which he did for his own necessary defence; and therefore it was no justification of this treacherous murder.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Samuel 3:30

So Joab and (l) Abishai his brother slew Abner, because he had slain their brother Asahel at Gibeon in the battle.

(l) Abishai is said to slay him with Joab, because he consented to the murder.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
slew Abner:

Proverbs 28:17 A man that doeth violence to the blood of [any] person shall flee to the pit; let no man stay him.
Acts 28:4 And when the barbarians saw the [venomous] beast hang on his hand, they said among themselves, No doubt this man is a murderer, whom, though he hath escaped the sea, yet vengeance suffereth not to live.

because:

2 Samuel 2:19-23 And Asahel pursued after Abner; and in going he turned not to the right hand nor to the left from following Abner. ... Howbeit he refused to turn aside: wherefore Abner with the hinder end of the spear smote him under the fifth [rib], that the spear came out behind him; and he fell down there, and died in the same place: and it came to pass, [that] as many as came to the place where Asahel fell down and died stood still.
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2S 2:19. Pv 28:17. Ac 28:4.

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