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2 Samuel 3:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and his second, Chileab, by Abigail the widow of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah, the daughter of Talmai, king of Geshur;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah, the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maachah, daughter of Talmai king of Geshur;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And his second Chileab, by Abigail, wife of Nabal the Carmelite, And the third Absolom, son of Maachah, daughter of Talmai, king of Geshur;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and his second [is] Chileab, of Abigail wife of Nabal the Carmelite, and the third [is] Absalom son of Maacah daughter of Talmai king of Geshur,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And his second Cheleab of Abigail the wife of Nabal of Carmel: and the third Absalom the son of Maacha the daughter of Tholmai king of Gessur:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite: and the third, Absalom the sonne of Maacah, the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur;
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And his second son [was] Daluia, the son of Abigail{gr.Abigaia} the Carmelitess; and the third, Absalom{gr.Abessalom} the son of Maachah{gr.Maacha} the daughter of Talmai{gr.Tholmi} the king of Gessir.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And his second, Kilav, of Avigayil the wife of Naval the Karmeli; and the third, Avshalom the son of Maakhah the daughter of Talmay king of Geshur;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And his second, 4932
{4932} Prime
From H8138; properly a repetition, that is, a duplicate (copy of a document), or a double (in amount); by implication a second (in order, rank, age, quality or location).
Cilv כִּלאָב, 3609
{3609} Prime
Apparently from H3607 and H0001; restraint of (his) father; Kilab, an Israelite.
of viqyil אֲבִגָיִל 26
{0026} Prime
From H0001 and H1524; father (that is source) of joy; Abigail or Abigal, the name of two Israelitesses.
the wife 802
{0802} Prime
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
of Nvl נָבָל 5037
{5037} Prime
The same as H5036; dolt; Nabal, an Israelite.
the Carml כַּרמְלִי; 3761
{3761} Prime
Patronymic from H3760; a Karmelite or inhabitant of Karmel (the town).
and the third, 7992
{7992} Prime
Ordinal from H7969; third; feminine a third (part); by extension a third (day, year or time); specifically a third story cell).
Avlm אַבשָׁלוֹם 53
{0053} Prime
From H0001 and H7965; father of peace (that is, friendly); Abshalom, a son of David; also (the fuller form) a later Israelite.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Ma` מַעֲכָה 4601
{4601} Prime
From H4600; depression; Maakah (or Maakath), the name of a place in Syria, also of a Mesopotamian, of three Israelites, and of four Israelitesses and one Syrian woman.
the daughter 1323
{1323} Prime
From H1129 (as feminine of H1121); a daughter (used in the same wide sense as other terms of relationship, literally and figuratively).
of Talmay תַּלמַי 8526
{8526} Prime
From H8525; ridged; Talmai, the name of a Canaanite and a Syrian.
king 4428
{4428} Prime
From H4427; a king.
of Gr גְּשׁוּר; 1650
{1650} Prime
From an unused root (meaning to join); bridge; Geshur, a district of Syria.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Samuel 3:3

_ _ Chileab — (“his father’s picture”) — called also Daniel (1 Chronicles 3:1).

_ _ Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur — a region in Syria, north of Israel. This marriage seems to have been a political match, made by David, with a view to strengthen himself against Ish-bosheth’s party, by the aid of a powerful friend and ally in the north. Piety was made to yield to policy, and the bitter fruits of this alliance with a heathen prince he reaped in the life of the turbulent Absalom.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Samuel 3:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Samuel 3:3

Geshur — A part of Syria, northward from the land of Israel. Her he married, as it may seem, in policy, that he might have a powerful friend and ally to assist him against Ishbosheth's party in the north, whilst himself opposed him in the southern parts. But he paid dear for making piety give place to policy, as the history of Absolom sheweth.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Samuel 3:3

And his second, (b) Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur;

(b) Who is also called Daniel, (1 Chronicles 3:1).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

1 Chronicles 3:1 Now these were the sons of David, which were born unto him in Hebron; the firstborn Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess:
, Daniel


2 Samuel 2:2 So David went up thither, and his two wives also, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail Nabal's wife the Carmelite.
1 Samuel 25:3 Now the name of the man [was] Nabal; and the name of his wife Abigail: and [she was] a woman of good understanding, and of a beautiful countenance: but the man [was] churlish and evil in his doings; and he [was] of the house of Caleb.
1 Samuel 25:42 And Abigail hasted, and arose, and rode upon an ass, with five damsels of hers that went after her; and she went after the messengers of David, and became his wife.


2 Samuel 13:20-28 And Absalom her brother said unto her, Hath Amnon thy brother been with thee? but hold now thy peace, my sister: he [is] thy brother; regard not this thing. So Tamar remained desolate in her brother Absalom's house. ... Now Absalom had commanded his servants, saying, Mark ye now when Amnon's heart is merry with wine, and when I say unto you, Smite Amnon; then kill him, fear not: have not I commanded you? be courageous, and be valiant.
2 Samuel 14:24-33 And the king said, Let him turn to his own house, and let him not see my face. So Absalom returned to his own house, and saw not the king's face. ... So Joab came to the king, and told him: and when he had called for Absalom, he came to the king, and bowed himself on his face to the ground before the king: and the king kissed Absalom.
2 Samuel 15:1-18 And it came to pass after this, that Absalom prepared him chariots and horses, and fifty men to run before him. ... And all his servants passed on beside him; and all the Cherethites, and all the Pelethites, and all the Gittites, six hundred men which came after him from Gath, passed on before the king.
2 Samuel 17:1-14 Moreover Ahithophel said unto Absalom, Let me now choose out twelve thousand men, and I will arise and pursue after David this night: ... And Absalom and all the men of Israel said, The counsel of Hushai the Archite [is] better than the counsel of Ahithophel. For the LORD had appointed to defeat the good counsel of Ahithophel, to the intent that the LORD might bring evil upon Absalom.
2 Samuel 18:9-18 And Absalom met the servants of David. And Absalom rode upon a mule, and the mule went under the thick boughs of a great oak, and his head caught hold of the oak, and he was taken up between the heaven and the earth; and the mule that [was] under him went away. ... Now Absalom in his lifetime had taken and reared up for himself a pillar, which [is] in the king's dale: for he said, I have no son to keep my name in remembrance: and he called the pillar after his own name: and it is called unto this day, Absalom's place.
2 Samuel 18:33 And the king was much moved, and went up to the chamber over the gate, and wept: and as he went, thus he said, O my son Absalom, my son, my son Absalom! would God I had died for thee, O Absalom, my son, my son!


2 Samuel 13:37-38 But Absalom fled, and went to Talmai, the son of Ammihud, king of Geshur. And [David] mourned for his son every day. ... So Absalom fled, and went to Geshur, and was there three years.


Deuteronomy 3:14 Jair the son of Manasseh took all the country of Argob unto the coasts of Geshuri and Maachathi; and called them after his own name, Bashanhavothjair, unto this day.
Joshua 13:13 Nevertheless the children of Israel expelled not the Geshurites, nor the Maachathites: but the Geshurites and the Maachathites dwell among the Israelites until this day.
1 Samuel 27:8 And David and his men went up, and invaded the Geshurites, and the Gezrites, and the Amalekites: for those [nations were] of old the inhabitants of the land, as thou goest to Shur, even unto the land of Egypt.
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Dt 3:14. Jsh 13:13. 1S 25:3, 42; 27:8. 2S 2:2; 13:20, 37; 14:24; 15:1; 17:1; 18:9, 33. 1Ch 3:1.

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