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2 Samuel 23:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [He shall be] as the light of the morning, when the sun riseth, A morning without clouds, [When] the tender grass [springeth] out of the earth, Through clear shining after rain.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And [he shall be] as the light of the morning, [when] the sun riseth, [even] a morning without clouds; [as] the tender grass [springing] out of the earth by clear shining after rain.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Is as the light of the morning [when] the sun rises, A morning without clouds, [When] the tender grass [springs] out of the earth, Through sunshine after rain.’
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And [he shall be] as the light of the morning, [when] the sun riseth, [even] a morning without clouds; [as] the tender grass [springing] out of the earth by clear shining after rain.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And [he shall be] as the light of the morning, [like] the rising of the sun, A morning without clouds; [When] from the sunshine, after rain, The green grass springeth from the earth.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Is even as the light of the morning when ariseth the sun,—A morning, without clouds, [As] from brightness, [and] from rain, the fresh shoots out of the earth.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And as the light of morning he riseth, A morning sun—no clouds! By the shining, by the rain, Tender grass of the earth!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— As the light of the morning, when the sun riseth, shineth in the morning without clouds, and as the grass springeth out of the earth by rain.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And [he shall be] as the light of the morning, [when] the Sunne riseth, [euen] a morning, without cloudes; [as] the tender grasse [springing] out of the earth by cleare shining after raine:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And in the morning light of God, let the sun arise in the morning, from the light of which the Lord passed on, and as it were from the rain of the tender grass upon the earth.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And [he shall be] as the light of the morning, [when] the sun riseth, [even] a morning without clouds; [as] the tender grass [springing] out of the earth by clear shining after rain.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And [he shall be] as the light 216
{0216} Prime
אוֹר
'owr
{ore}
From H0215; illumination or (concretely) luminary (in every sense, including lightning, happiness, etc.).
of the morning, 1242
{1242} Prime
בֹּקֶר
boqer
{bo'-ker}
From H1239; properly dawn (as the break of day); generally morning.
[when] the sun 8121
{8121} Prime
שֶׁמֶשׁ
shemesh
{sheh'-mesh}
From an unused root meaning to be brilliant; the sun; by implication the east; figuratively a ray, that is, (architecturally) a notched battlement.
riseth, 2224
{2224} Prime
זָרַח
zarach
{zaw-rakh'}
A primitive root; properly to irradiate (or shoot forth beams), that is, to rise (as the sun); specifically to appear (as a symptom of leprosy).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
[even] a morning 1242
{1242} Prime
בֹּקֶר
boqer
{bo'-ker}
From H1239; properly dawn (as the break of day); generally morning.
without 3808
{3808} Prime
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
clouds; 5645
{5645} Prime
עָב
`ab
{awb}
Masculine and feminine; from H5743; properly an envelope, that is, darkness (or density, 2 Chronicles 4:17); specifically a (scud) cloud; also a copse.
[as] the tender grass 1877
{1877} Prime
דֶּשֶׁא
deshe'
{deh'-sheh}
From H1876; a sprout; by analogy grass.
[springing] out of the earth 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
by clear shining 5051
{5051} Prime
נֹגַהּ
nogahh
{no'-gah}
From H5050; brilliancy (literally or figuratively).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
after rain. 4306
{4306} Prime
מָטָר
matar
{maw-tawr'}
From H4305; rain.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Samuel 23:4

_ _ as the tender grass springing out of the earth by clear shining after rain — Little patches of grass are seen rapidly springing up in Palestine after rain; and even where the ground has been long parched and bare, within a few days or hours after the enriching showers begin to fall, the face of the earth is so renewed that it is covered over with a pure fresh mantle of green.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Samuel 23:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Samuel 23:4

Shall be — These words are a farther description of the king's duty, which is not only to rule with justice and piety, but also with sweetness, and gentleness, and condescension to the infirmities of his people; to render his government as acceptable to them, as is the sun — shine in a clear morning, or the tender grass which springs out of the earth by the warm beams of the sun after the rain.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Samuel 23:4

And [he shall be] as the light of the morning, [when] the sun riseth, [even] a morning without clouds; [as] the tender (c) grass [springing] out of the earth by clear shining after rain.

(c) Which grows quickly, and fades soon.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
as the light:

Judges 5:31 So let all thine enemies perish, O LORD: but [let] them that love him [be] as the sun when he goeth forth in his might. And the land had rest forty years.
Psalms 89:36 His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne as the sun before me.
Psalms 110:3 Thy people [shall be] willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth.
Proverbs 4:18 But the path of the just [is] as the shining light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect day.
Isaiah 60:1 Arise, shine; for thy light is come, and the glory of the LORD is risen upon thee.
Isaiah 60:3 And the Gentiles shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising.
Isaiah 60:18-20 Violence shall no more be heard in thy land, wasting nor destruction within thy borders; but thou shalt call thy walls Salvation, and thy gates Praise. ... Thy sun shall no more go down; neither shall thy moon withdraw itself: for the LORD shall be thine everlasting light, and the days of thy mourning shall be ended.
Hosea 6:5 Therefore have I hewed [them] by the prophets; I have slain them by the words of my mouth: and thy judgments [are as] the light [that] goeth forth.
Malachi 4:2 But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall.
Luke 1:78-79 Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring from on high hath visited us, ... To give light to them that sit in darkness and [in] the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.
John 1:7 The same came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all [men] through him might believe.

morning:

Hosea 6:3 Then shall we know, [if] we follow on to know the LORD: his going forth is prepared as the morning; and he shall come unto us as the rain, as the latter [and] former rain unto the earth.

tender:

Deuteronomy 32:2 My doctrine shall drop as the rain, my speech shall distil as the dew, as the small rain upon the tender herb, and as the showers upon the grass:
Psalms 72:6 He shall come down like rain upon the mown grass: as showers [that] water the earth.
Isaiah 4:2 In that day shall the branch of the LORD be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth [shall be] excellent and comely for them that are escaped of Israel.
Micah 5:7 And the remnant of Jacob shall be in the midst of many people as a dew from the LORD, as the showers upon the grass, that tarrieth not for man, nor waiteth for the sons of men.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 32:2. Jg 5:31. Ps 72:6; 89:36; 110:3. Pv 4:18. Is 4:2; 60:1, 3, 18. Ho 6:3, 5. Mi 5:7. Mal 4:2. Lk 1:78. Jn 1:7.

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