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2 Samuel 23:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Was he not most honorable of the three? therefore he was made their captain: howbeit he attained not unto the [first] three.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Was he not most honourable of three? therefore he was their captain: howbeit he attained not unto the [first] three.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He was most honored of the thirty, therefore he became their commander; however, he did not attain to the three.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Was he not most honorable of three? therefore he was their captain: yet he attained not to the [first] three.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Was he not most honourable of three? and he was their captain; but he did not attain to the [first] three.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Was he not most honourable, of the three, and so became their captain? Nevertheless, unto the three, he attained not.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Of the three is he not the honoured? and he becometh their head; and unto the [first] three he hath not come.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the noblest of three, and was their chief, but to the three first he attained not.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Was hee not most honourable of three? therefore he was their captaine: howbeit, hee attained not vnto the [first] three.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Of those three [he was] most honourable, and he became a chief over them, but he reached not to the [first] three.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Was he not most honourable of three? therefore he was their captain: howbeit he attained not unto the [first] three.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Was he not x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
most x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
honourable 3513
{3513} Prime
כָּבַד
kabad
{kaw-bad'}
A primitive root; to be heavy, that is, in a bad sense (burdensome, severe, dull) or in a good sense (numerous, rich, honorable); causatively to make weighty (in the same two senses).
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
of three? 7969
{7969} Prime
שָׁלוֹשׁ
shalowsh
{shaw-loshe'}
The last two forms being masculine; a primitive number; three; occasionally (ordinal) third, or (multiplicative) thrice.
therefore he was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
their captain: 8269
{8269} Prime
שַׂר
sar
{sar}
From H8323; a head person (of any rank or class).
howbeit he attained 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
unto x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
the [first] three. 7969
{7969} Prime
שָׁלוֹשׁ
shalowsh
{shaw-loshe'}
The last two forms being masculine; a primitive number; three; occasionally (ordinal) third, or (multiplicative) thrice.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Samuel 23:19-39

_ _ the first three — The mighty men or champions in David’s military staff were divided into three classes — the highest, Jashobeam, Eleazar, and Shammah; the second class, Abishai, Benaiah, and Asahel; and the third class, the thirty, of which Asahel was the chief. There are thirty-one mentioned in the list, including Asahel; and these added to the two superior orders make thirty-seven. Two of them, we know, were already dead; namely, Asahel [2 Samuel 3:30] and Uriah [2 Samuel 11:17]; and if the dead, at the drawing up of the list, amounted to seven, then we might suppose a legion of honor, consisting of the definite number thirty, where the vacancies, when they occurred, were replaced by fresh appointments.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Samuel 23:8-39.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Samuel 23:19

Attained not — He fell short of them in strength and valour.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he attained:

2 Samuel 23:9 And after him [was] Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, [one] of the three mighty men with David, when they defied the Philistines [that] were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel were gone away:
2 Samuel 23:13 And three of the thirty chief went down, and came to David in the harvest time unto the cave of Adullam: and the troop of the Philistines pitched in the valley of Rephaim.
2 Samuel 23:16 And the three mighty men brake through the host of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem, that [was] by the gate, and took [it], and brought [it] to David: nevertheless he would not drink thereof, but poured it out unto the LORD.
1 Chronicles 11:25 Behold, he was honourable among the thirty, but attained not to the [first] three: and David set him over his guard.
Matthew 13:8 But other fell into good ground, and brought forth fruit, some an hundredfold, some sixtyfold, some thirtyfold.
Matthew 13:23 But he that received seed into the good ground is he that heareth the word, and understandeth [it]; which also beareth fruit, and bringeth forth, some an hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty.
1 Corinthians 15:41 [There is] one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars: for [one] star differeth from [another] star in glory.
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2S 23:9, 13, 16. 1Ch 11:25. Mt 13:8, 23. 1Co 15:41.

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