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2 Samuel 23:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief of the three. And he lifted up his spear against three hundred and slew them, and had a name among the three.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief among three. And he lifted up his spear against three hundred, [and] slew [them], and had the name among three.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief of the thirty. And he swung his spear against three hundred and killed [them], and had a name as well as the three.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief among three. And he lifted up his spear against three hundred, [and] slew [them], and had the name among three.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was the chief of three; and he brandished his spear against three hundred and slew them; and he had a name among the three.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And. Abishai brother of Joab son of Zeruiah, he, was chief of three, in that he brandished his spear against three hundred whom he slew; and, he, had a name among three.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Abishai brother of Joab, son of Zeruiah, he [is] head of three, and he is lifting up his spear against three hundred—wounded, and he hath a name among three.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Abisai also the brother of Joab, the son of Sarvia, was chief among three: and he lifted up his spear against three hundred whom he slew, and he was renowned among the three,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Abishai the brother of Ioab, the sonne of Zeruiah, was chiefe among three, and he lift vp his speare against three hundred, [and] slew [them], and had the name among three.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Abishai{gr.Abessa} the brother of Joab the son of Zeruiah{gr.Saruia}, he [was] chief among the three, and he lifted up his spear against three hundred whom he slew; and he had a name among three.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Avishay, the brother of Yoav, the son of Tzeruyah, was chief among three. And he lifted up his spear against three hundred, [and] slew [them], and had the name among three.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And vay אֲבִישַׁי, 52
{0052} Prime
אֲבִישַׁי
'Abiyshay
{ab-ee-shah'ee}
From H0001 and H7862; father of a gift (that is, probably generous); Abishai, an Israelite.
the brother 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
of Yv יוֹאָב, 3097
{3097} Prime
יוֹאָב
Yow'ab
{yo-awb'}
From H3068 and H0001; Jehovah-fathered; Joab, the name of three Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Xry צְרוּיָה, 6870
{6870} Prime
צְרוּיָה
Ts@ruwyah
{tser-oo-yaw'}
Feminine participle passive from the same as H6875; wounded; Tserujah, an Israelitess.
was chief 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
among three. 7992
{7992} Prime
שְׁלִישִׁי
sh@liyshiy
{shel-ee-shee'}
Ordinal from H7969; third; feminine a third (part); by extension a third (day, year or time); specifically a third story cell).
And he x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
lifted up 5782
{5782} Prime
עוּר
`uwr
{oor}
A primitive root (rather identical with H5783 through the idea of opening the eyes); to wake (literally or figuratively).
z8790
<8790> Grammar
Stem - Polel (See H8847)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 41
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
his spear 2595
{2595} Prime
חֲנִית
chaniyth
{khan-eeth'}
From H2583; a lance (for thrusting, like pitching a tent).
against x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
three 7969
{7969} Prime
שָׁלוֹשׁ
shalowsh
{shaw-loshe'}
The last two forms being masculine; a primitive number; three; occasionally (ordinal) third, or (multiplicative) thrice.
hundred, 3967
{3967} Prime
מֵאָה
me'ah
{may-aw'}
Probably a primitive numeral; a hundred; also as a multiplicative and a fraction.
[and] slew 2491
{2491} Prime
חָלָל
chalal
{khaw-lawl'}
From H2490; pierced (especially to death); figuratively polluted.
[them], and had the name 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
among three. 7969
{7969} Prime
שָׁלוֹשׁ
shalowsh
{shaw-loshe'}
The last two forms being masculine; a primitive number; three; occasionally (ordinal) third, or (multiplicative) thrice.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Samuel 23:8-39.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Abishai:

2 Samuel 2:18 And there were three sons of Zeruiah there, Joab, and Abishai, and Asahel: and Asahel [was as] light of foot as a wild roe.
2 Samuel 3:30 So Joab and Abishai his brother slew Abner, because he had slain their brother Asahel at Gibeon in the battle.
2 Samuel 10:10 And the rest of the people he delivered into the hand of Abishai his brother, that he might put [them] in array against the children of Ammon.
2 Samuel 10:14 And when the children of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fled, then fled they also before Abishai, and entered into the city. So Joab returned from the children of Ammon, and came to Jerusalem.
2 Samuel 18:2 And David sent forth a third part of the people under the hand of Joab, and a third part under the hand of Abishai the son of Zeruiah, Joab's brother, and a third part under the hand of Ittai the Gittite. And the king said unto the people, I will surely go forth with you myself also.
2 Samuel 20:10 But Amasa took no heed to the sword that [was] in Joab's hand: so he smote him therewith in the fifth [rib], and shed out his bowels to the ground, and struck him not again; and he died. So Joab and Abishai his brother pursued after Sheba the son of Bichri.
1 Samuel 26:6-8 Then answered David and said to Ahimelech the Hittite, and to Abishai the son of Zeruiah, brother to Joab, saying, Who will go down with me to Saul to the camp? And Abishai said, I will go down with thee. ... Then said Abishai to David, God hath delivered thine enemy into thine hand this day: now therefore let me smite him, I pray thee, with the spear even to the earth at once, and I will not [smite] him the second time.
1 Chronicles 2:16 Whose sisters [were] Zeruiah, and Abigail. And the sons of Zeruiah; Abishai, and Joab, and Asahel, three.
1 Chronicles 11:20-21 And Abishai the brother of Joab, he was chief of the three: for lifting up his spear against three hundred, he slew [them], and had a name among the three. ... Of the three, he was more honourable than the two; for he was their captain: howbeit he attained not to the [first] three.

and slew them:
Heb. slain
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1S 26:6. 2S 2:18; 3:30; 10:10, 14; 18:2; 20:10. 1Ch 2:16; 11:20.

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