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2 Samuel 23:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And David longed, and said, Oh that one would give me water to drink of the well of Beth-lehem, which is by the gate!
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And David longed, and said, Oh that one would give me drink of the water of the well of Bethlehem, which [is] by the gate!
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— David had a craving and said, “Oh that someone would give me water to drink from the well of Bethlehem which is by the gate!”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And David longed, and said, Oh that one would give me drink of the water of the well of Beth-lehem, which [is] by the gate!
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And David longed, and said, Oh that one would give me to drink of the water of the well of Bethlehem, which is in the gate!
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And David longed, and said,—Who will give me to drink water out of the well of Bethlehem, that is within the gate?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and David longeth and saith, 'Who doth give me a drink of the water of the well of Beth-Lehem, which [is] by the gate?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And David longed, and said: O that some man would get me a drink of the water out of the cistern, that is in Bethlehem, by the gate.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Dauid longed, and said, Oh that one would giue mee drinke of the water of the well of Bethlehem which is by the gate.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And David longed, and said, Who will give me water to drink out of the well that is in Bethlehem{gr.Bethleem} by the gate? now the band of the Philistines [was] then in Bethlehem{gr.Bethleem}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Dawid longed, and said, Oh that one would give me drink of the water of the well of Beth Lachem, which [is] by the gate!

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
longed, 183
{0183} Prime
אָוַה
'avah
{aw-vaw'}
A primitive root; to wish for.
z8691
<8691> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 533
and said, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Oh that one x4310
(4310) Complement
מִי
miy
{me}
An interrogitive pronoun of persons, as H4100 is of things, who? (occasionally, by a peculiar idiom, of things); also (indefinitely) whoever; often used in oblique construction with prefix or suffix.
would give me drink 8248
{8248} Prime
שָׁקָה
shaqah
{shaw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to quaff, that is, (causatively) to irrigate or furnish a potion to.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
of the water 4325
{4325} Prime
מַיִם
mayim
{mah'-yim}
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
of the well 953
{0953} Prime
בּוֹר
bowr
{bore}
From H0952 (in the sense of H0877); a pit hole (especially one used as a cistern or prison).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of B Lem בֵּית־לָחֶם, 1035
{1035} Prime
בֵּית לֶחֶם
Beyth Lechem
{bayth leh'-khem}
From H1004 and H3899; house of bread; Beth-Lechem, a place in Palestine.
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
[is] by the gate! 8179
{8179} Prime
שַׁעַר
sha`ar
{shah'-ar}
From H8176 in its original sense; an opening, that is, door or gate.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Samuel 23:15-16

_ _ the well of Beth-lehem — An ancient cistern, with four or five holes in the solid rock, at about ten minutes distance to the north of the eastern corner of the hill of Beth-lehem, is pointed out by the natives as Bir-Daoud; that is, David’s well. Dr. Robinson doubts the identity of the well; but others think that there are no good grounds for doing so. Certainly, considering this to be the ancient well, Beth-lehem must have once extended ten minutes further to the north, and must have lain in times of old, not as now, on the summit, but on the northern rise of the hill; for the well is by or (1 Chronicles 11:7) at the gate. I find in the description of travelers, that the common opinion is, that David’s captains had come from the southeast, in order to obtain, at the risk of their lives, the so-much-longed-for water; while it is supposed that David himself was then in the great cave that is not far to the southeast of Beth-lehem; which cave is generally held to have been that of Adullam. But (Joshua 15:35) Adullam lay “in the valley”; that is, in the undulating plain at the western base of the mountains of Judea and consequently to the southwest of Beth-lehem. Be this as it may, David’s men had in any case to break through the host of the Philistines, in order to reach the well; and the position of Bir-Daoud agrees well with this [Van De Velde].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Samuel 23:8-39.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Samuel 23:15

Said — Being hot and thirsty, he expresses how acceptable a draught of that water would be to him; but was far from desiring, or expecting that any of his men should hazard their lives to procure it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Samuel 23:15

And David (i) longed, and said, Oh that one would give me drink of the water of the well of Bethlehem, which [is] by the gate!

(i) Being overcome with weariness and thirst.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
longed:

Numbers 11:4-5 And the mixt multitude that [was] among them fell a lusting: and the children of Israel also wept again, and said, Who shall give us flesh to eat? ... We remember the fish, which we did eat in Egypt freely; the cucumbers, and the melons, and the leeks, and the onions, and the garlick:
Psalms 42:1-2 [[To the chief Musician, Maschil, for the sons of Korah.]] As the hart panteth after the water brooks, so panteth my soul after thee, O God. ... My soul thirsteth for God, for the living God: when shall I come and appear before God?
Psalms 63:1 [[A Psalm of David, when he was in the wilderness of Judah.]] O God, thou [art] my God; early will I seek thee: my soul thirsteth for thee, my flesh longeth for thee in a dry and thirsty land, where no water is;
Psalms 119:81 CAPH. My soul fainteth for thy salvation: [but] I hope in thy word.
Isaiah 41:17 [When] the poor and needy seek water, and [there is] none, [and] their tongue faileth for thirst, I the LORD will hear them, I the God of Israel will not forsake them.
Isaiah 44:3 For I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods upon the dry ground: I will pour my spirit upon thy seed, and my blessing upon thine offspring:
John 4:10 Jesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink; thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water.
John 4:14 But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.
John 7:37 In the last day, that great [day] of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink.

Bethlehem:
Bethlehem signifies the "house of bread," and the place was likewise noted for excellent water. There Christ was born, who is the "bread of life," and who also gives us the "water of life." "The water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life."
John 4:14 But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.
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Nu 11:4. Ps 42:1; 63:1; 119:81. Is 41:17; 44:3. Jn 4:10, 14; 7:37.

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