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2 Samuel 2:25 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the children of Benjamin gathered themselves together after Abner, and became one band, and stood on the top of a hill.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the children of Benjamin gathered themselves together after Abner, and became one troop, and stood on the top of an hill.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The sons of Benjamin gathered together behind Abner and became one band, and they stood on the top of a certain hill.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the children of Benjamin assembled themselves after Abner, and became one troop, and stood on the top of a hill.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the children of Benjamin gathered themselves together after Abner, and became one troop, and stood on the top of a hill.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, when the sons of Benjamin had gathered themselves together after Abner, and become one band,—and had taken their stand on the top of a certain hill,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the sons of Benjamin gather themselves together after Abner, and become one troop, and stand on the top of a certain height,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the children of Benjamin gathered themselves together to Abner: and being joined in one body, they stood on the top of a hill.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the children of Beniamin gathered themselues together after Abner, and became one troupe, and stood on the top of an hill.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the children of Benjamin who followed Abner{gr.Abenner} gather themselves together, and they formed themselves into one body, and stood on the top of a hill.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the children of Binyamin gathered themselves together after Avner, and became one troop, and stood on the top of an hill.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Binymn בִּניָמִין 1144
{1144} Prime
בִּנְיָמִן
Binyamiyn
{bin-yaw-mene'}
From H1121 and H3225; son of (the) right hand; Binjamin, youngest son of Jacob; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory.
gathered themselves together 6908
{6908} Prime
קָבַץ
qabats
{kaw-bats'}
A primitive root; to grasp, that is, collect.
z8691
<8691> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 533
after 310
{0310} Prime
אַחַר
'achar
{akh-ar'}
From H0309; properly the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjugation, after (in various senses).
Avnr אַבנֵר, 74
{0074} Prime
אַבְנֵר
'Abner
{ab-nare'}
From H0001 and H5216; father of light (that is, enlightening); Abner, an Israelite.
and became x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
one 259
{0259} Prime
אֶחָד
'echad
{ekh-awd'}
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
troop, 92
{0092} Prime
אֲגֻדָּה
'aguddah
{ag-ood-daw'}
Feminine passive participle of an unused root (meaning to bind); a band, bundle, knot, or arch.
and stood 5975
{5975} Prime
עָמַד
`amad
{aw-mad'}
A primitive root; to stand, in various relations (literally and figuratively, intransitively and transitively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
on x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the top 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
of an x259
(0259) Complement
אֶחָד
'echad
{ekh-awd'}
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
hill. 1389
{1389} Prime
גִּבְעָה
gib`ah
{ghib-aw'}
Feminine from the same as H1387; a hillock.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 2 Samuel 2:19-32.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

2 Samuel 2:25-32

_ _ Here, I. Abner, being conquered, meanly begs for a cessation of arms. He rallied the remains of his forces on the top of a hill (2 Samuel 2:25), as if he would have made head again, but becomes a humble supplicant to Joab for a little breathing-time, 2 Samuel 2:26. He that was most forward to fight was the first that had enough of it. He that made a jest of bloodshed (Let the young men arise and play before us, 2 Samuel 2:14) is now shocked at it, when he finds himself on the losing side, and the sword he made so light of drawing threatening to touch himself. Observe how his note is changed. Then it was but playing with the sword; now, Shall the sword devour for ever? It had devoured but one day, yet to him it seemed forever, because it went against him; and very willing he is now that the sun should not go down upon the wrath. Now he can appeal to Joab himself concerning the miserable consequences of a civil war: Knowest thou not that it will be bitterness in the latter end? It will be reflected upon with regret when the account comes to be made up; for, whoever gets in a civil war, the community is sure to lose. Perhaps he refers to the bitterness that there was in the tribes of Israel, in the end of their war with Benjamin, when they wept sorely for the desolations which they themselves had made, Judges 21:2. Now he begs of Joab to sound a retreat, and pleads that they were brethren, who ought not thus to bite and devour one another. He that in the morning would have Joab bid the people fall upon their brethren now would have him bid them lay down their arms. See here, 1. How easy it is for men to use reason when it makes for them who would not use it if it made against them. If Abner had been the conqueror, we should not have had him complaining of the voraciousness of the sword and the miseries of a civil war, nor pleading that both sides were brethren; but, finding himself beaten, all these reasonings are mustered up and improved for the securing of his retreat and the saving of his scattered troops from being cut off. 2. How the issue of things alters men's minds. The same thing which looked pleasant in the morning at night looked dismal. Those that are forward to enter into contention will perhaps repent it before they have done with it, and therefore had better leave it off before it be meddled with, as Solomon advises. It is true of every sin (O that men would consider it in time!) that it will be bitterness in the latter end. At the last it bites like a serpent those on whom it fawned.

_ _ II. Joab, though a conqueror, generously grants it, and sounds a retreat, knowing very well his master's mind and how averse he was to the shedding of blood. He does indeed justly upbraid Abner with his forwardness to engage, and lays the blame upon him that there had been so much bloodshed as there was (2 Samuel 2:27): “Unless thou hadst spoken,” that is, “hadst given orders to fight, hadst bidden the young men arise and play before us, none of us would have struck a stroke, nor drawn a sword against our brethren. Thou complainest that the sword devours, but who first unsheathed it? Who began? Now thou wouldst have the people parted, but remember who set them on to fight. We should have retired in the morning if thou hadst not given the challenge.” Those that are forward to make mischief are commonly the first to complain of it. This might have served to excuse Joab if he had pushed on his victory, and made a full end of Abner's forces; but like one that pitied the mistake of his adversaries, and scorned to make an army of Israelites pay dearly for the folly of their commander, he very honourably, by sound of trumpet, put a stop to the pursuit (2 Samuel 2:28) and suffered Abner to make an orderly retreat. It is good husbandry to be sparing of blood. As the soldiers were here very obsequious to the general's orders, so he, no doubt, observed the instructions of his prince, who sought the welfare of all Israel and therefore not the hurt of any.

_ _ III. The armies being separated, both retired to the places whence they came, and both marched in the night, Abner to Mahanaim, on the other side Jordan (2 Samuel 2:29), and Joab to Hebron, where David was, 2 Samuel 2:32. The slain on both sides are computed. On David's side only nineteen men were missing, besides Asahel (2 Samuel 2:30), who was worth more than all; on Abner's side 360, 2 Samuel 2:31. In civil wars formerly great slaughters had been made (as Judges 12:6; Judges 20:44), in comparison with which this was nothing. It is to be hoped that they had grown wiser and more moderate. Asahel's funeral is here mentioned; the rest they buried in the field of battle, but he was carried to Bethlehem, and buried in the sepulchre of his father, 2 Samuel 2:32. Thus are distinctions made between the dust of some and that of others; but in the resurrection no other difference will be made but that between godly and ungodly, which will remain for ever.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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