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2 Samuel 19:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the people gat them by stealth that day into the city, as people that are ashamed steal away when they flee in battle.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the people gat them by stealth that day into the city, as people being ashamed steal away when they flee in battle.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So the people went by stealth into the city that day, as people who are humiliated steal away when they flee in battle.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the people withdrew by stealth that day into the city, as people being ashamed steal away when they flee in battle.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the people stole away that day into the city, as people steal away when ashamed of fleeing in battle.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And the people stole away, on that day, to go into the city,—as people steal away who are put to shame, when they flee in battle.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the people stealeth away, on that day, to go in to the city, as the people steal away, who are ashamed, in their fleeing in battle;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the people shunned the going into the city that day as a people would do that hath turned their backs, and fled away from the battle.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the people gate them by stealth that day into the citie, as people beeing ashamed steale away when they flee in battell.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the people stole away that day to go into the city, as people steal away when they are ashamed as they flee in the battle.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the people gat them by stealth that day into the city, as people being ashamed steal away when they flee in battle.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the people 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
gat 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
them by stealth 1589
{1589} Prime
גָּנַב
ganab
{gaw-nab'}
A primitive root; to thieve (literally or figuratively); by implication to deceive.
z8691
<8691> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 533
that x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
day 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
into the city, 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
as x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
people 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
being ashamed 3637
{3637} Prime
כָּלָם
kalam
{kaw-lawm'}
A primitive root; properly to wound; but only figuratively, to taunt or insult.
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
steal away 1589
{1589} Prime
גָּנַב
ganab
{gaw-nab'}
A primitive root; to thieve (literally or figuratively); by implication to deceive.
z8691
<8691> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 533
when they flee 5127
{5127} Prime
נוּס
nuwc
{noos}
A primitive root; to flit, that is, vanish away (subside, escape; causatively chase, impel, deliver).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
in battle. 4421
{4421} Prime
מִלְחָמָה
milchamah
{mil-khaw-maw'}
From H3898 (in the sense of fighting); a battle (that is, the engagement); generally war (that is, warfare).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Samuel 19:3

_ _ the people gat them by stealth ... to the city — The rumor of the king’s disconsolate condition spread a universal and unseasonable gloom. His troops, instead of being welcomed back (as a victorious army always was) with music and other demonstrations of public joy, slunk secretly and silently into the city, as if ashamed after the commission of some crime.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Samuel 19:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Samuel 19:3

By stealth — Not openly and triumphantly, as conquerors use to do; but secretly, as if they were afraid and ashamed, lest David should see them, and look upon them with an evil eye, as those that had an hand in killing of his beloved son.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
into the city:

2 Samuel 19:32 Now Barzillai was a very aged man, [even] fourscore years old: and he had provided the king of sustenance while he lay at Mahanaim; for he [was] a very great man.
2 Samuel 17:24 Then David came to Mahanaim. And Absalom passed over Jordan, he and all the men of Israel with him.

steal:

Genesis 31:27 Wherefore didst thou flee away secretly, and steal away from me; and didst not tell me, that I might have sent thee away with mirth, and with songs, with tabret, and with harp?
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Gn 31:27. 2S 17:24; 19:32.

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