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2 Samuel 19:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Shimei the son of Gera, the Benjamite, who was of Bahurim, hasted and came down with the men of Judah to meet king David.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Shimei the son of Gera, a Benjamite, which [was] of Bahurim, hasted and came down with the men of Judah to meet king David.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then Shimei the son of Gera, the Benjamite who was from Bahurim, hurried and came down with the men of Judah to meet King David.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Shimei the son of Gera, a Benjaminite, who [was] of Bahurim, hasted and came down with the men of Judah to meet king David.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Shimei the son of Gera, the Benjaminite, who was of Bahurim, hasted and came down with the men of Judah to meet king David.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then hastened Shimei, son of Gera, the Benjamite, who was of Bahurim,—and came down, with the men of Judah, to meet King David.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and Shimei son of Gera, the Benjamite, who [is] from Bahurim, hasteth, and cometh down with the men of Judah, to meet king David,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Semei the son of Gera the son of Jemini of Bahurim, made haste and went down with the men of Juda to meet king David,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Shimei the sonne of Gera, a Beniamite, which [wass] of Bahurim, hasted, & came downe with the men of Iudah, to meet King Dauid.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Shimei{gr.Semei} the son of Gera, the Benjamite, of Baurim, hasted and went down with the men of Judah{gr.Juda} to meet king David.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Shimi the son of Gera, a Benyemini, which [was] of Bachurim, hasted and came down with the men of Yehudah to meet king Dawid.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And im` שִׁמעִי 8096
{8096} Prime
From H8088; famous; Shimi, the name of twenty Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Gr גֵּרָא, 1617
{1617} Prime
Perhaps from H1626; a grain; Gera, the name of six Israelites.
a Benymn בֶּניְמִינִי, 1145
{1145} Prime
Multiple forms. Sometimes (with the article inserted); with H0376 inserted (1 Samuel 9:1); son of a man of Jemini; or shorter (1 Samuel 9:4; Esther 2:5); a man of Jemini; or (1 Samuel 20:1); more simply: a Jeminite; (plural patronymic from H1144; a Benjaminite, or descendant of Benjamin.
which x834
(0834) Complement
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
[was] of Baurm בַּחֻרִים, 980
{0980} Prime
Masculine plural of H0970; young men; Bachurim, a place in Palestine.
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
hasted 4116
{4116} Prime
A primitive root; properly to be liquid or flow easily, that is, (by implication); to hurry (in a good or bad sense); often used (with another verb) adverbially promptly.
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
and came down 3381
{3381} Prime
A primitive root; to descend (literally to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively to fall); causatively to bring down (in all the above applications).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
with x5973
(5973) Complement
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
the men 376
{0376} Prime
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
of Yh יְהוּדָה 3063
{3063} Prime
From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory.
to meet 7125
{7125} Prime
From H7122; an encountering, accidental, friendly or hostile (also adverbially opposite).
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
king 4428
{4428} Prime
From H4427; a king.
Dwi דָּוִד. 1732
{1732} Prime
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Samuel 19:16-23

_ _ Shemei ... a thousand men of Benjamin with him — This display of [Shemei’s] followers was to show what force he could raise against or in support of the king. Expressing the deepest regret for his former outrageous conduct, he was pardoned on the spot; and although the son of Zeruiah urged the expediency of making this chief a public example, his officiousness was repulsed by David with magnanimity, and with the greater confidence that he felt himself now re-established in the kingdom (see on 1 Kings 2:8).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

2 Samuel 19:16-23

_ _ Perhaps Jordan was never passed with so much solemnity, nor with so many remarkable occurrences, as it was now, since Israel passed it under Joshua. David, in his afflictive flight, remembered God particularly from the land of Jordan (Psalms 42:6), and now that land, more than any other, was graced with the glories of his return. David's soldiers furnished themselves with accommodations for their passage over this river, but, for his own family, a ferry-boat was sent on purpose, 2 Samuel 19:18. A fleet of boats, say some; a bridge of boats was made, say others; the best convenience they had to serve him with. Two remarkable persons met him on the banks of Jordan, both of whom had abused him wretchedly when he was in his flight.

_ _ I. Ziba, who had abused him with his fair tongue, and by accusing his master, had obtained from the king a grant of his estate, 2 Samuel 16:4. A greater abuse he could not have done him, than, by imposing upon his credulity, to draw him in to do a thing so unkind to the son of his friend Jonathan. He comes now, with a retinue of sons and servants, to meet the king (2 Samuel 19:17), that he may obtain the king's favour, and so come off the better when Mephibosheth shall shortly undeceive him, and clear himself, 2 Samuel 19:26.

_ _ II. Shimei, who had abused him with his foul tongue, railed at him, and cursed him, 2 Samuel 16:5. If David had been defeated, no doubt he would have continued to trample upon him, and have gloried in what he had done; but now that he sees him coming home in triumph, and returning to his throne, he thinks it his interest to make his peace with him. Those who now slight and abuse the Son of David would be glad to make their peace too when he shall come in his glory; but it will be too late. Shimei, to recommend himself to the king, 1. Came with good company, with the men of Judah, as one in their interest. 2. He brought a regiment of the men of Benjamin with him, 1000, of which perhaps he was chiliarch, or commander-in-chief, offering his own and their service to the king; or perhaps they were volunteers, whom by his interest he had got together to meet the king, which was the more obliging because of all the tribes of Israel there were none, except these and Judah, that appeared to pay him this respect. 3. What he did he hastened to do; he lost no time. Agree with thy adversary quickly, while thou art in the way. Here is, (1.) The criminal's submission (2 Samuel 19:18-20): He fell down before the king, as a penitent, as a supplicant; and, that he might be thought sincere, he did it publicly before all David's servants, and his friends the men of Judah, yea, and before his own thousand. The offence was public, therefore the submission ought to be so. He owns his crime: Thy servant doth know that I have sinned. He aggravates it: I did perversely. He begs the king's pardon: Let not the king impute iniquity to thy servant, that is, deal with me as I deserve. He intimates that it was below the king's great and generous mind to take it to his heart; and pleads his early return to his allegiance, that he was the first of all the house of Joseph (that is, of Israel, who in the beginning of David's reign had distinguished themselves from Judah by their adherence to Ishbosheth, 2 Samuel 2:10) that came to meet the king. He came first, that by his example of duty the rest might be induced, and by his experience of the king's clemency the rest might be encouraged to follow. (2.) A motion made for judgment against him (2 Samuel 19:21): “Shall not Shimei be put to death as a traitor? Let him, of all men, be made an example.” This motion was made by Abishai, who would have ventured his life to have been the death of Shimei when he was cursing, 2 Samuel 16:9. David did not think fit to have it done then, because his judicial power was cut short; but, now that it was restored, why should not the law have its course? Abishai herein consulted what he supposed to be David's feelings more than his true interest. Princes have need to arm themselves against temptations to severity. (3.) His discharge by the king's order, 2 Samuel 19:22, 2 Samuel 19:23. He rejected Abishai's motion with displeasure: What have I to do with you, you sons of Zeruiah? The less we have to do with those who are of an angry revengeful spirit, and who put us upon doing what is harsh and rigorous, the better. He looks upon these prosecutors as adversaries to him, though they pretended friendship and zeal for his honour. Those who advise us to what is wrong are really Satans, adversaries to us. [1.] They were adversaries to his inclination, which was to clemency. He knew that he was this day king in Israel, restored to, and re-established in, his kingdom, and therefore his honour inclined him to forgive. It is the glory of kings to forgive those that humble and surrender themselves: Satis est prostrasse leoniit suffices the lion that he has laid his victim prostrate. His joy inclined him to forgive. The pleasantness of his spirit on this great occasion forbade the entrance of any thing that was sour and peevish: joyful days should be forgiving days. Yet this was not all; his experience of God's mercy in restoring him to his kingdom, his exclusion from which he attributed to his sin, inclined him to show mercy to Shimei. Those that are forgiven must forgive. David had severely revenged the abuses done to his ambassadors by the Ammonites (2 Samuel 12:31), but easily passes by the abuse done to himself by an Israelite. That was an affront to Israel in general, and touched the honour of his crown and kingdom; this was purely personal, and therefore (according to the usual disposition of good men) he could the more easily forgive it. [2.] They were adversaries to his interest. If he should put to death Shimei, who cursed him, those would expect the same fate who had taken up arms and actually levied war against him, which would drive them from him, while he was endeavouring to draw them to him. Acts of severity are seldom acts of policy. The throne is established by mercy. Shimei, hereupon, had his pardon signed and sealed with an oath, yet being bound, no doubt, to his good behaviour, and liable to be prosecuted if he afterwards misbehaved; and thus he was reserved to be, in due time, as much a monument of the justice of the government as he was now of its clemency, and in both of its prudence.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Samuel 19:16

And (g) Shimei the son of Gera, a Benjamite, which [was] of Bahurim, hasted and came down with the men of Judah to meet king David.

(g) Who had before reviled him, (2 Samuel 16:13).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
It appears that Shimei was a powerful chieftain in the land; for he had here in his retinue no less than a thousand men.
2 Samuel 16:5-13 And when king David came to Bahurim, behold, thence came out a man of the family of the house of Saul, whose name [was] Shimei, the son of Gera: he came forth, and cursed still as he came. ... And as David and his men went by the way, Shimei went along on the hill's side over against him, and cursed as he went, and threw stones at him, and cast dust.
1 Kings 2:8 And, behold, [thou hast] with thee Shimei the son of Gera, a Benjamite of Bahurim, which cursed me with a grievous curse in the day when I went to Mahanaim: but he came down to meet me at Jordan, and I sware to him by the LORD, saying, I will not put thee to death with the sword.
1 Kings 2:36-46 And the king sent and called for Shimei, and said unto him, Build thee an house in Jerusalem, and dwell there, and go not forth thence any whither. ... So the king commanded Benaiah the son of Jehoiada; which went out, and fell upon him, that he died. And the kingdom was established in the hand of Solomon.


Job 2:4 And Satan answered the LORD, and said, Skin for skin, yea, all that a man hath will he give for his life.
Proverbs 6:4-5 Give not sleep to thine eyes, nor slumber to thine eyelids. ... Deliver thyself as a roe from the hand [of the hunter], and as a bird from the hand of the fowler.
Matthew 5:25 Agree with thine adversary quickly, whiles thou art in the way with him; lest at any time the adversary deliver thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and thou be cast into prison.
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2S 16:5. 1K 2:8, 36. Jb 2:4. Pv 6:4. Mt 5:25.

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