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2 Samuel 18:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— So the people went out into the field against Israel: and the battle was in the forest of Ephraim.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— So the people went out into the field against Israel: and the battle was in the wood of Ephraim;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then the people went out into the field against Israel, and the battle took place in the forest of Ephraim.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— So the people went out into the field against Israel: and the battle was in the wood of Ephraim;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the people went out into the field against Israel; and the battle was in the forest of Ephraim.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So the people went forth into the field against Israel,—and the battle took place in the forest of Ephraim.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the people goeth out into the field to meet Israel, and the battle is in a forest of Ephraim;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— So the people went out into the field against Israel, and the battle was fought in the forest of Ephraim.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— So the people went out into the field against Israel: and the battell was in the wood of Ephraim,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And all the people went out into the wood against Israel; and the battle was in the wood of Ephraim.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— So the people went out into the field against Yisrael: and the battle was in the wood of Efrayim;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
So the people 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
went out 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
into the field 7704
{7704} Prime
שָׂדֶה
sadeh
{saw-deh'}
From an unused root meaning to spread out; a field (as flat).
against 7125
{7125} Prime
קִרָא
qir'ah
{keer-aw'}
From H7122; an encountering, accidental, friendly or hostile (also adverbially opposite).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
Yi$rä´ël יִשׂרָאֵל: 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
and the battle 4421
{4421} Prime
מִלְחָמָה
milchamah
{mil-khaw-maw'}
From H3898 (in the sense of fighting); a battle (that is, the engagement); generally war (that is, warfare).
was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
in the wood 3293
{3293} Prime
יָעַר
ya`ar
{yah'-ar}
From an unused root probably meaning to thicken with verdure; a copse of bushes; hence a forest; hence honey in the comb (as hived in trees).
of ´Efrayim אֶפרַיִם; 669
{0669} Prime
אֶפְרַיִם
'Ephrayim
{ef-rah'-yim}
Dual of a masculine form of H0672; double fruit; Ephrajim, a son of Joseph; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Samuel 18:6

_ _ wood of Ephraim — This wood, of course, was on the east of Jordan. Its name was derived, according to some, from the slaughter of the Ephraimites by Jephthah — according to others, from the connection of blood with the trans-jordanic Manasseh.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Samuel 18:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Samuel 18:6

So the people went out into the field against Israel: and the battle was in the (c) wood of Ephraim;

(c) So called, because the Ephraimites (as some say) fed their cattle beyond Jordan in this wood.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
wood of Ephraim:
The wood of Ephraim was evidently beyond Jordan, and apparently not far from Mahanaim; and it is supposed to be the place where the Ephraimites were slain by Jephthah.
Joshua 17:15 And Joshua answered them, If thou [be] a great people, [then] get thee up to the wood [country], and cut down for thyself there in the land of the Perizzites and of the giants, if mount Ephraim be too narrow for thee.
Joshua 17:18 But the mountain shall be thine; for it [is] a wood, and thou shalt cut it down: and the outgoings of it shall be thine: for thou shalt drive out the Canaanites, though they have iron chariots, [and] though they [be] strong.
Judges 12:4-6 Then Jephthah gathered together all the men of Gilead, and fought with Ephraim: and the men of Gilead smote Ephraim, because they said, Ye Gileadites [are] fugitives of Ephraim among the Ephraimites, [and] among the Manassites. ... Then said they unto him, Say now Shibboleth: and he said Sibboleth: for he could not frame to pronounce [it] right. Then they took him, and slew him at the passages of Jordan: and there fell at that time of the Ephraimites forty and two thousand.
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Jsh 17:15, 18. Jg 12:4.

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