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2 Samuel 15:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the king went forth, and all his household after him. And the king left ten women, that were concubines, to keep the house.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the king went forth, and all his household after him. And the king left ten women, [which were] concubines, to keep the house.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So the king went out and all his household with him. But the king left ten concubines to keep the house.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the king went forth, and all his household after him. And the king left ten women [who were] concubines to keep the house.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the king went forth, and all his household after him, and the king left ten women, concubines, to keep the house.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So the king went forth, with all his household attending him,—but the king left ten women who were concubines, to keep the house.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the king goeth out, and all his household at his feet, and the king leaveth ten women—concubines—to keep the house.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the king went forth, and all his household on foot: and the king left ten women his concubines to keep the house:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the king went foorth, and all his houshold after him: and the King left tenne women, which were concubines, to keepe the house.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the king and all his house went out on foot: and the king left ten women of his concubines to keep the house.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the king went forth, and all his household after him. And the king left ten women, [which were] concubines, to keep the house.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
went forth, 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
his household 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
after 7272
{7272} Prime
רֶגֶל
regel
{reh'-gel}
From H7270; a foot (as used in walking); by implication a step; by euphemism the pudenda.
him. And the king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
left 5800
{5800} Prime
עָזַב
`azab
{aw-zab'}
A primitive root; to loosen, that is, relinquish, permit, etc.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
ten 6235
{6235} Prime
עֶשֶׂר
`eser
{eh'-ser}
From H6237; ten (as an accumulation to the extent of the digits).
women, 802
{0802} Prime
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
[which were] concubines, 6370
{6370} Prime
פִּילֶגֶשׁ
piylegesh
{pee-leh'-ghesh}
Of uncertain derivation; a concubine; also (masculine) a paramour.
to keep 8104
{8104} Prime
שָׁמַר
shamar
{shaw-mar'}
A primitive root; properly to hedge about (as with thorns), that is, guard; generally to protect, attend to, etc.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
the house. 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Samuel 15:13-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Samuel 15:16

After him — Or, on foot, which the king chose to do, to humble himself under the hand of God; to encourage his companions in this hard and comfortless march; and to move compassion in his people towards him. Concubines — For he supposed that their sex would protect them, and their relation to David would gain them some respect, or at least, safety from his son.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the king:

Psalms 3:1 [[A Psalm of David, when he fled from Absalom his son.]] LORD, how are they increased that trouble me! many [are] they that rise up against me.
*title

after him:
Heb. at his feet,
Judges 4:10 And Barak called Zebulun and Naphtali to Kedesh; and he went up with ten thousand men at his feet: and Deborah went up with him.
1 Samuel 25:27 And now this blessing which thine handmaid hath brought unto my lord, let it even be given unto the young men that follow my lord.
1 Samuel 25:42 And Abigail hasted, and arose, and rode upon an ass, with five damsels of hers that went after her; and she went after the messengers of David, and became his wife.
*marg.

ten women:

2 Samuel 12:11 Thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will raise up evil against thee out of thine own house, and I will take thy wives before thine eyes, and give [them] unto thy neighbour, and he shall lie with thy wives in the sight of this sun.
2 Samuel 16:21-22 And Ahithophel said unto Absalom, Go in unto thy father's concubines, which he hath left to keep the house; and all Israel shall hear that thou art abhorred of thy father: then shall the hands of all that [are] with thee be strong. ... So they spread Absalom a tent upon the top of the house; and Absalom went in unto his father's concubines in the sight of all Israel.
2 Samuel 20:3 And David came to his house at Jerusalem; and the king took the ten women [his] concubines, whom he had left to keep the house, and put them in ward, and fed them, but went not in unto them. So they were shut up unto the day of their death, living in widowhood.
Romans 12:2 And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what [is] that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.
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Jg 4:10. 1S 25:27, 42. 2S 12:11; 16:21; 20:3. Ps 3:1. Ro 12:2.

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