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2 Samuel 13:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But Amnon had a friend, whose name was Jonadab, the son of Shimeah, David's brother; and Jonadab was a very subtle man.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But Amnon had a friend, whose name [was] Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David's brother: and Jonadab [was] a very subtil man.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But Amnon had a friend whose name was Jonadab, the son of Shimeah, David’s brother; and Jonadab was a very shrewd man.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But Amnon had a friend, whose name [was] Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David's brother: and Jonadab [was] a very subtil man.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Amnon had a friend whose name was Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David's brother; and Jonadab was a very shrewd man.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, Amnon, had a friend, whose name, was Jonadab, son of Shimeah, David's brother,—and, Jonadab, was a very cunning man.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Amnon hath a friend, and his name [is] Jonadab, son of Shimeah, David's brother, and Jonadab [is] a very wise man,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now Ammon had a friend, named Jonadab the son of Semmaa the brother of David, a very wise man:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But Amnon had a friend, whose name [was] Ionadab, the sonne of Shimeah, Dauids brother: and Ionadab [was] a very subtill man.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Amnon had a friend, and his name [was] Jonadab, the son of Samaa the brother of David: and Jonadab [was] a very cunning man.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But Amnon had a friend, whose name [was] Yonadav, the son of Shimah Dawid's brother: and Yonadav [was] a very subtil man.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But Amnn אַמנוֹן 550
{0550} Prime
אַמְנוֹן
'Amnown
{am-nohn'}
From H0539; faithful; Amnon (or Aminon), a son of David.
had a friend, 7453
{7453} Prime
רֵעַ
rea`
{ray'-ah}
From H7462; an associate (more or less close).
whose name 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
[was] Ynv יוֹנָדָב, 3122
{3122} Prime
יוֹנָדָב
Yawnadab
{yo-naw-dawb'}
A form of H3082; Jonadab, the name of an Israelite and of a Rechabite.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of im` שִׁמעָה 8093
{8093} Prime
שִׁמְעָה
Shim`ah
{shim-aw'}
Feminine of H8088; annunciation; Shimah, an Israelite.
Dwi's דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
brother: 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
and Ynv יוֹנָדָב 3122
{3122} Prime
יוֹנָדָב
Yawnadab
{yo-naw-dawb'}
A form of H3082; Jonadab, the name of an Israelite and of a Rechabite.
[was] a very 3966
{3966} Prime
מְאֹד
m@`od
{meh-ode'}
From the same as H0181; properly vehemence, that is, (with or without preposition) vehemently; by implication wholly, speedily, etc. (often with other words as an intensive or superlative; especially when repeated).
subtil 2450
{2450} Prime
חָכָם
chakam
{khaw-kawm'}
From H2449; wise, (that is, intelligent, skilful or artful).
man. 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Samuel 13:3

_ _ Jonadab, the son of Shimeah — or Shammah (1 Samuel 16:9). By the counsel and contrivance of this scheming cousin a plan was devised for obtaining an unrestricted interview with the object of his attachment.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Samuel 13:1-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a friend:

Genesis 38:1 And it came to pass at that time, that Judah went down from his brethren, and turned in to a certain Adullamite, whose name [was] Hirah.
Genesis 38:20 And Judah sent the kid by the hand of his friend the Adullamite, to receive [his] pledge from the woman's hand: but he found her not.
Judges 14:20 But Samson's wife was [given] to his companion, whom he had used as his friend.
Esther 5:10 Nevertheless Haman refrained himself: and when he came home, he sent and called for his friends, and Zeresh his wife.
Esther 5:14 Then said Zeresh his wife and all his friends unto him, Let a gallows be made of fifty cubits high, and to morrow speak thou unto the king that Mordecai may be hanged thereon: then go thou in merrily with the king unto the banquet. And the thing pleased Haman; and he caused the gallows to be made.
Esther 6:13 And Haman told Zeresh his wife and all his friends every [thing] that had befallen him. Then said his wise men and Zeresh his wife unto him, If Mordecai [be] of the seed of the Jews, before whom thou hast begun to fall, thou shalt not prevail against him, but shalt surely fall before him.
Proverbs 19:6 Many will intreat the favour of the prince: and every man [is] a friend to him that giveth gifts.

Shimeah:

2 Samuel 13:32 And Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David's brother, answered and said, Let not my lord suppose [that] they have slain all the young men the king's sons; for Amnon only is dead: for by the appointment of Absalom this hath been determined from the day that he forced his sister Tamar.
1 Samuel 16:9 Then Jesse made Shammah to pass by. And he said, Neither hath the LORD chosen this.

Shimeah:
subtil man,
2 Samuel 14:2 And Joab sent to Tekoah, and fetched thence a wise woman, and said unto her, I pray thee, feign thyself to be a mourner, and put on now mourning apparel, and anoint not thyself with oil, but be as a woman that had a long time mourned for the dead:
2 Samuel 14:19-20 And the king said, [Is not] the hand of Joab with thee in all this? And the woman answered and said, [As] thy soul liveth, my lord the king, none can turn to the right hand or to the left from ought that my lord the king hath spoken: for thy servant Joab, he bade me, and he put all these words in the mouth of thine handmaid: ... To fetch about this form of speech hath thy servant Joab done this thing: and my lord [is] wise, according to the wisdom of an angel of God, to know all [things] that [are] in the earth.
Genesis 3:1 Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?
Jeremiah 4:22 For my people [is] foolish, they have not known me; they [are] sottish children, and they have none understanding: they [are] wise to do evil, but to do good they have no knowledge.
1 Corinthians 3:19 For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God. For it is written, He taketh the wise in their own craftiness.
James 3:15 This wisdom descendeth not from above, but [is] earthly, sensual, devilish.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 3:1; 38:1, 20. Jg 14:20. 1S 16:9. 2S 13:32; 14:2, 19. Es 5:10, 14; 6:13. Pv 19:6. Jr 4:22. 1Co 3:19. Jm 3:15.

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