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2 Samuel 12:26 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now Joab fought against Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and took the royal city.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Joab fought against Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and took the royal city.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now Joab fought against Rabbah of the sons of Ammon and captured the royal city.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Joab fought against Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and took the royal city.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Joab fought against Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and took the royal city.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Joab fought against Rabbah, of the sons of Ammon,—and captured the royal city.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Joab fighteth against Rabbah of the Bene-Ammon, and captureth the royal city,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Joab fought against Rabbath of the children of Ammon, and laid close siege to the royal city.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Ioab fought against Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and tooke the royall citie.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Joab fought against Rabbah{gr.Rabbath} of the children of Ammon, and took the royal city.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Yoav fought against Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and took the royal city.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Yv יוֹאָב 3097
{3097} Prime
From H3068 and H0001; Jehovah-fathered; Joab, the name of three Israelites.
fought 3898
{3898} Prime
A primitive root; to feed on; figuratively to consume; by implication to battle (as destruction).
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
against Rabb רַבָּה 7237
{7237} Prime
Feminine of H7227; great; Rabbah, the name of two places in Palestine, East and West.
of the children 1121
{1121} Prime
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of `Ammn עַמּוֹן, 5983
{5983} Prime
From H5971; tribal, that is, inbred; Ammon, a son of Lot; also his posterity and their country.
and took 3920
{3920} Prime
A primitive root; to catch (in a net, trap or pit); generally to capture or occupy; also to choose (by lot); figuratively to cohere.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
(0853) Complement
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the royal 4410
{4410} Prime
Feminine passive participle of H4427; something ruled, that is, a realm.
city. 5892
{5892} Prime
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Samuel 12:26

_ _ 2 Samuel 12:26-31. Rabbah is taken.

_ _ Joab fought against Rabbah — The time during which this siege lasted, since the intercourse with Bath-sheba, and the birth of at least one child, if not two, occurred during the progress of it, probably extended over two years.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

2 Samuel 12:26-31

_ _ We have here an account of the conquest of Rabbah, and other cities of the Ammonites. Though this comes in here after the birth of David's child, yet it is most probable that it was effected a good while before, and soon after the death of Uriah, perhaps during the days of Bath-sheba's mourning for him. Observe, 1. That God was very gracious in giving David this great success against his enemies, notwithstanding the sin he had been guilty of just at that time when he was engaged in this war, and the wicked use he had made of the sword of the children of Ammon in the murder of Uriah. Justly might he have made that sword, thenceforward, a plague to David and his kingdom; yet he breaks it, and makes David's sword victorious, even before he repents, that this goodness of God might lead him to repentance. Good reason had David to own that God dealt not with him according to his sins, Psalms 103:10. 2. That Joab acted very honestly and honourably; for when he had taken the city of waters, the royal city, where the palace was, and from which the rest of the city was supplied with water (and therefore, upon the cutting off of that, would be obliged speedily to surrender), he sent to David to come in person to complete this great action, that he might have the praise of it, 2 Samuel 12:26-28. Herein he showed himself a faithful servant, that sought his master's honour, and his own only in subordination to his, and left an example to the servants of the Lord Jesus, in every thing they do, to consult his honour. Not unto us, but to thy name, give glory. 3. That David was both too haughty and too severe upon this occasion, and neither so humble nor so tender as he should have been. (1.) He seems to have been too fond of the crown of the king of Ammon, 2 Samuel 12:30. Because it was of extraordinary value, by reason of the precious stones with which it was set, David would have it set upon his head, though it would have been better to have cast it at God's feet, and at this time to have put his own mouth in the dust, under guilt. The heart that is truly humbled for sin is dead to worldly glory and looks upon it with a holy contempt. (2.) He seems to have been too harsh with his prisoners of war, 2 Samuel 12:31. Taking the city by storm, after it had obstinately held out against a long and expensive siege, if he had put all whom he found in arms to the sword in the heat of battle, it would have been severe enough; but to kill them afterwards in cold blood, and by cruel tortures, with saws and harrows, tearing them to pieces, did not become him who, when he entered upon the government, promised to sing of mercy as well as judgment, Psalms 101:1. Had he made examples of those only who had abused his ambassadors, or advised or assisted in it, that being a violation of the law of nations, it might have been looked upon as a piece of necessary justice for terror to other nations; but to be thus severe with all the cities of the children of Ammon (that is, the garrisons or soldiers of the cities) was extremely rigorous, and a sign that David's heart was not yet made soft by repentance, else the bowels of his compassion would not have been thus shut up — a sign that he had not yet found mercy, else he would have been more ready to show mercy.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Samuel 12:26

Royal city — That is, that part of the city where was the king's palace; though now it seems he was retired to a strong fort.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

2 Samuel 11:25 Then David said unto the messenger, Thus shalt thou say unto Joab, Let not this thing displease thee, for the sword devoureth one as well as another: make thy battle more strong against the city, and overthrow it: and encourage thou him.
1 Chronicles 20:1 And it came to pass, that after the year was expired, at the time that kings go out [to battle], Joab led forth the power of the army, and wasted the country of the children of Ammon, and came and besieged Rabbah. But David tarried at Jerusalem. And Joab smote Rabbah, and destroyed it.

Rabbah, or Rabbath-Ammon, also called Philadelphia, from Ptolemy Philadelphus, king of Egypt, was situated east of Jordan, and, according to Eusebius, ten miles east from Jazer. It is sometimes mentioned as belonging to Arabia, sometimes to Coelo-Syria; and was one of the cities of the Decapolis east of Jordan. Josephus extends the region of Perea as far as Philadelphia. It is now, says Burckhardt, called Amman, distant about 19 miles to the se by e of Szalt, and lies along the banks of a river called Moiet Amman, which has its source in a pond, at a few hundred paces from the south-western end of the town, and empties itself in the Zerka, or Jabbok, about four hours to the northward. This river runs in a valley bordered on both sides by barren hills of flint, which advance on the south side close to the edge of the stream. The edifices which still remain, though in a decaying state, from being built of a calcareous stone of moderate hardness, sufficiently attest the former greatness and splendour of this metropolis of the children of Ammon.
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2S 11:25. 1Ch 20:1.

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