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2 Samuel 1:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Saul and Jonathan were lovely and pleasant in their lives, And in their death they were not divided: They were swifter than eagles, They were stronger than lions.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Saul and Jonathan [were] lovely and pleasant in their lives, and in their death they were not divided: they were swifter than eagles, they were stronger than lions.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Saul and Jonathan, beloved and pleasant in their life, And in their death they were not parted; They were swifter than eagles, They were stronger than lions.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Saul and Jonathan [were] lovely and pleasant in their lives, and in their death they were not divided: they were swifter than eagles, they were stronger than lions.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Saul and Jonathan, beloved and pleasant in their lives, Even in their death were not divided; They were swifter than eagles, they were stronger than lions.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Saul and Jonathan, delightfully loving in their lives, even, in their death, were not divided,—Beyond eagles, were they swift, beyond lions, were they strong!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Saul and Jonathan! They are loved and pleasant in their lives, And in their death they have not been parted. Than eagles they have been lighter, Than lions they have been mightier!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Saul and Jonathan, lovely, and comely in their life, even in death they were not divided: they were swifter than eagles, stronger than lions.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Saul and Ionathan [were] louely and pleasant in their liues, and in their death they were not diuided: they were swifter then Eagles, they were stronger then Lions.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Saul and Jonathan, the beloved and the beautiful, were not divided: comely [were they] in their life, and in their death they were not divided: [they were] swifter than eagles, and they were stronger than lions.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Shaul and Yehonathan [were] lovely and pleasant in their lives, and in their death they were not divided: they were swifter than eagles, they were stronger than lions.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
l שָׁאוּל 7586
{7586} Prime
שָׁאוּל
Sha'uwl
{shaw-ool'}
Passive participle of H7592; asked; Shaul, the name of an Edomite and two Israelites.
and Yhnn יְהוֹנָתָן 3083
{3083} Prime
יְהוֹנָתָן
Y@hownathan
{yeh-ho-naw-thawn'}
From H3068 and H5414; Jehovah-given; Jehonathan, the name of four Israelites.
[were] lovely 157
{0157} Prime
אָהַב
'ahab
{aw-hab'}
A primitive root; to have affection for (sexually or otherwise).
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
and pleasant 5273
{5273} Prime
נָעִים
na`iym
{naw-eem'}
From H5276; delightful (objectively or subjectively, literally or figuratively).
in their lives, 2416
{2416} Prime
חַי
chay
{khah'-ee}
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
and in their death 4194
{4194} Prime
מָוֶת
maveth
{maw'-veth}
From H4191; death (natural or violent); concretely the dead, their place or state (hades); figuratively pestilence, ruin.
they were not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
divided: 6504
{6504} Prime
פָּרַד
parad
{paw-rad'}
A primitive root; to break through, that is, spread or separate (oneself).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
they were swifter 7043
{7043} Prime
קָלַל
qalal
{kaw-lal'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively make) light, literally (swift, small, sharp, etc.) or figuratively (easy, trifling, vile, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
than eagles, 5404
{5404} Prime
נֶשֶׁר
nesher
{neh'-sher}
From an unused root meaning to lacerate; the eagle (or other large bird of prey).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
they were stronger 1396
{1396} Prime
גָּבַר
gabar
{gaw-bar'}
A primitive root; to be strong; by implication to prevail, act insolently.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
than lions. 738
{0738} Prime
אַרִי
'ariy
{ar-ee'}
From H0717 (in the sense of violence); a lion.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Samuel 1:17-27.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Samuel 1:23

Lovely — Amiable, and obliging in their carriage and conversation, both towards one another, and towards their people: for, as for Saul's fierce behaviour towards Jonathan, it was only a sudden passion, by which his ordinary temper was not to be measured; and for his carriage towards David, that was from that jealousy and reason of state which usually engageth even well — natured princes, to the same hostilities. But it is observable, that David speaks not a word here of his piety; but only commends him for those things which were truly in him. A fit pattern for all preachers in their funeral commendations. Swifter, &c. — Expeditious in pursuing their enemies, and executing their designs; which is a great commendation in a prince, and in a soldier. Stronger, &c. — In regard of their bodily strength, and the courage of their mind.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Samuel 1:23

Saul and Jonathan [were] lovely and pleasant in their lives, and in their death they were not (k) divided: they were swifter than eagles, they were stronger than lions.

(k) They died both together in Gilboa.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
pleasant:
or, sweet,
1 Samuel 18:1 And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking unto Saul, that the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul.
1 Samuel 20:2 And he said unto him, God forbid; thou shalt not die: behold, my father will do nothing either great or small, but that he will shew it me: and why should my father hide this thing from me? it [is] not [so].

they were:

1 Samuel 31:1-5 Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa. ... And when his armourbearer saw that Saul was dead, he fell likewise upon his sword, and died with him.

swifter:

2 Samuel 2:18 And there were three sons of Zeruiah there, Joab, and Abishai, and Asahel: and Asahel [was as] light of foot as a wild roe.
Deuteronomy 28:49 The LORD shall bring a nation against thee from far, from the end of the earth, [as swift] as the eagle flieth; a nation whose tongue thou shalt not understand;
1 Chronicles 12:8 And of the Gadites there separated themselves unto David into the hold to the wilderness men of might, [and] men of war [fit] for the battle, that could handle shield and buckler, whose faces [were like] the faces of lions, and [were] as swift as the roes upon the mountains;
Job 9:26 They are passed away as the swift ships: as the eagle [that] hasteth to the prey.
Jeremiah 4:13 Behold, he shall come up as clouds, and his chariots [shall be] as a whirlwind: his horses are swifter than eagles. Woe unto us! for we are spoiled.
Lamentations 4:19 Our persecutors are swifter than the eagles of the heaven: they pursued us upon the mountains, they laid wait for us in the wilderness.

stronger:

2 Samuel 23:20 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man, of Kabzeel, who had done many acts, he slew two lionlike men of Moab: he went down also and slew a lion in the midst of a pit in time of snow:
Judges 14:18 And the men of the city said unto him on the seventh day before the sun went down, What [is] sweeter than honey? and what [is] stronger than a lion? And he said unto them, If ye had not plowed with my heifer, ye had not found out my riddle.
Proverbs 30:30 A lion [which is] strongest among beasts, and turneth not away for any;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 28:49. Jg 14:18. 1S 18:1; 20:2; 31:1. 2S 2:18; 23:20. 1Ch 12:8. Jb 9:26. Pv 30:30. Jr 4:13. Lm 4:19.

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