Parallel Bible VersionsHebrew Bible Study Tools

2 Samuel 1:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Ye mountains of Gilboa, Let there be no dew nor rain upon you, neither fields of offerings: For there the shield of the mighty was vilely cast away, The shield of Saul, not anointed with oil.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Ye mountains of Gilboa, [let there be] no dew, neither [let there be] rain, upon you, nor fields of offerings: for there the shield of the mighty is vilely cast away, the shield of Saul, [as though he had] not [been] anointed with oil.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “O mountains of Gilboa, Let not dew or rain be on you, nor fields of offerings; For there the shield of the mighty was defiled, The shield of Saul, not anointed with oil.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Ye mountains of Gilboa, [let there be] no dew, neither rain upon you, nor fields of offerings: for there the shield of the mighty is vilely cast away, the shield of Saul, [as though he had] not [been] anointed with oil.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Ye mountains of Gilboa, let there be no dew, no rain upon you, nor fields of heave-offerings! For there the shield of the mighty was vilely cast away, The shield of Saul, [as] not anointed with oil.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Ye mountains in Gilboa! Be there neither dew nor rain upon you, nor fields of offerings,—for, there, were cast away, the shields of the mighty, The shield of Saul, unanointed with oil.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Mountains of Gilboa! No dew nor rain be on you, And fields of heave-offerings! For there hath become loathsome The shield of the mighty, The shield of Saul—without the anointed with oil.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Ye mountains of Gelboe, let neither dew, nor rain come upon you, neither be they fields of firstfruits: for there was cast away the shield of the valiant, the shield of Saul as though he had not been anointed with oil.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Yee mountaines of Gilboa, let there [bee] no dewe, neither let there [be] raine vpon you, nor fields of offerings: for there the shield of the mightie is vilely cast away, the shield of Saul, [as though] hee had not beene annointed with oile.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Ye mountains of Gilboa{gr.Gelbue}, let not dew no rain descend upon you, nor fields of first-fruits [be upon you], for there the shield of the mighty ones has been grievously assailed; the shield of Saul was not anointed with oil.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Ye mountains of Gilboa, [let there be] no dew, neither [let there be] rain, upon you, nor fields of offerings: for there the shield of the mighty is vilely cast away, the shield of Shaul, [as though he had] not [been] anointed with oil.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Ye mountains 2022
{2022} Prime
הַר
har
{har}
A shortened form of H2042; a mountain or range of hills (sometimes used figuratively).
of Gilb` גִּלבֹּעַ, 1533
{1533} Prime
גִּלְבֹּעַ
Gilboa`
{ghil-bo'-ah}
From H1530 and H1158; fountain of ebullition; Gilboa, a mountain of Palestine.
[let there be] no x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
dew, 2919
{2919} Prime
טַל
tal
{tal}
From H2926; dew (as covering vegetation).
neither x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
[let there be] rain, 4306
{4306} Prime
מָטָר
matar
{maw-tawr'}
From H4305; rain.
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
you, nor fields 7704
{7704} Prime
שָׂדֶה
sadeh
{saw-deh'}
From an unused root meaning to spread out; a field (as flat).
of offerings: 8641
{8641} Prime
תְּרוּמָה
t@ruwmah
{ter-oo-maw'}
(The second form used in Deuteronomy 12:11); from H7311; a present (as offered up), especially in sacrifice or as tribute.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
there x8033
(8033) Complement
שָׁם
sham
{shawm}
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
the shield 4043
{4043} Prime
מָגֵן
magen
{maw-gane'}
From H1598; a shield (that is, the small one or buckler); figuratively a protector; also the scaly hide of the crocodile.
of the mighty 1368
{1368} Prime
גִּבּוֹר
gibbowr
{ghib-bore'}
Intensive from the same as H1397; powerful; by implication warrior, tyrant.
is vilely cast away, 1602
{1602} Prime
גָּעַל
ga`al
{gaw-al'}
A primitive root; to detest; by implication to reject.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
the shield 4043
{4043} Prime
מָגֵן
magen
{maw-gane'}
From H1598; a shield (that is, the small one or buckler); figuratively a protector; also the scaly hide of the crocodile.
of l שָׁאוּל, 7586
{7586} Prime
שָׁאוּל
Sha'uwl
{shaw-ool'}
Passive participle of H7592; asked; Shaul, the name of an Edomite and two Israelites.
[as though he had] not x1097
(1097) Complement
בְּלִי
b@liy
{bel-ee'}
From H1086; properly failure, that is, nothing or destruction; usually (with preposition) without, not yet, because not, as long as, etc.
[been] anointed y4899
[4899] Standard
מָשִׁיחַ
mashiyach
{maw-shee'-akh}
From H4886; anointed; usually a consecrated person (as a king, priest, or saint); specifically the Messiah.
x4886
(4886) Complement
משׁח
mashach
{maw-shakh'}
A primitive root; to rub with oil, that is, to anoint; by implication to consecrate; also to paint.
with oil. 8081
{8081} Prime
שֶׁמֶן
shemen
{sheh'-men}
From H8080; grease, especially liquid (as from the olive, often perfumed); figuratively richness.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Samuel 1:21

_ _ let there be no dew, neither let there be rain — To be deprived of the genial atmospheric influences which, in those anciently cultivated hills, seem to have reared plenty of first-fruits in the corn harvests, was specified as the greatest calamity the lacerated feelings of the poet could imagine. The curse seems still to lie upon them; for the mountains of Gilboa are naked and sterile.

_ _ the shield of the mighty is vilely cast away — To cast away the shield was counted a national disgrace. Yet, on that fatal battle of Gilboa, many of the Jewish soldiers, who had displayed unflinching valor in former battles, forgetful of their own reputation and their country’s honor, threw away their shields and fled from the field. This dishonorable and cowardly conduct is alluded to with exquisitely touching pathos.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Samuel 1:17-27.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Samuel 1:21

Let there be, &c. — This is no proper imprecation; but a passionate representation of the horror which he conceived at this publick loss; which was such, as if he thought every person or thing which contributed to it, were fit to bear the tokens of divine displeasure, such as this is, when the earth wants the necessary influences of dew and rain. Fields of offerings — That is, fruitful fields, which may produce fair and goodly fruits fit to be offered to God. Vilely — Dishonourably: for it was a great reproach to any soldier, to cast away or lose his shield. Cast away — By themselves, that they might flee more swiftly as the Israelites did, and Saul with the rest. As though, &c. — As if he had been no more, than a common soldier: he was exposed to the same kind of death and reproach as they were.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Samuel 1:21

Ye mountains of Gilboa, [let there be] no dew, neither [let there be] rain, upon you, nor (i) fields of offerings: for there the shield of the mighty is vilely cast away, the shield of Saul, [as though he had] not [been] anointed with oil.

(i) Let their fertile fields be barren, and bring forth no fruit to offer to the Lord.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
mountains:

1 Samuel 31:1 Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa.
1 Chronicles 10:1 Now the Philistines fought against Israel; and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa.
1 Chronicles 10:8 And it came to pass on the morrow, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his sons fallen in mount Gilboa.

no dew:

Judges 5:23 Curse ye Meroz, said the angel of the LORD, curse ye bitterly the inhabitants thereof; because they came not to the help of the LORD, to the help of the LORD against the mighty.
Job 3:3-10 Let the day perish wherein I was born, and the night [in which] it was said, There is a man child conceived. ... Because it shut not up the doors of my [mother's] womb, nor hid sorrow from mine eyes.
Isaiah 5:6 And I will lay it waste: it shall not be pruned, nor digged; but there shall come up briers and thorns: I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it.
Jeremiah 20:14-16 Cursed [be] the day wherein I was born: let not the day wherein my mother bare me be blessed. ... And let that man be as the cities which the LORD overthrew, and repented not: and let him hear the cry in the morning, and the shouting at noontide;

offerings:

Joel 1:9 The meat offering and the drink offering is cut off from the house of the LORD; the priests, the LORD'S ministers, mourn.
Joel 2:14 Who knoweth [if] he will return and repent, and leave a blessing behind him; [even] a meat offering and a drink offering unto the LORD your God?

not:
Instead of belee, "not," we should probably, with Dr. Delaney and others, read keley, "weapons," as it is found on one manuscript and in the first edition of the Hebrew Bible, printed at Soncini, 1488: "the shield of Saul; the weapons of the anointed with oil."

anointed:

1 Samuel 10:1 Then Samuel took a vial of oil, and poured [it] upon his head, and kissed him, and said, [Is it] not because the LORD hath anointed thee [to be] captain over his inheritance?
Isaiah 21:5 Prepare the table, watch in the watchtower, eat, drink: arise, ye princes, [and] anoint the shield.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jg 5:23. 1S 10:1; 31:1. 1Ch 10:1, 8. Jb 3:3. Is 5:6; 21:5. Jr 20:14. Jol 1:9; 2:14.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on 2 Samuel 1:21.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on 2 Samuel 1:21


Recent Chat Bible Comments