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2 Samuel 1:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thy glory, O Israel, is slain upon thy high places! How are the mighty fallen!
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The beauty of Israel is slain upon thy high places: how are the mighty fallen!
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Your beauty, O Israel, is slain on your high places! How have the mighty fallen!
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The beauty of Israel is slain upon thy high places: how are the mighty fallen!
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The beauty of Israel is slain upon thy high places: how are the mighty fallen!
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The beauty of Israel! on thy high plumes—slain! How have fallen—the mighty!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'The Roebuck, O Israel, On thy high places [is] wounded; How have the mighty fallen!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The illustrious of Israel are slain upon thy mountains: how are the valiant fallen?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The beauty of Israel is slaine vpon thy high places: how are the mightie fallen!
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Set up a pillar, O Israel, for the slain that died upon thy high places: how are the mighty fallen!
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The beauty of Yisrael is slain upon thy high places: how are the mighty fallen!

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The beauty 6643
{6643} Prime
From H6638 in the sense of prominence; splendor (as conspicuous); also a gazelle (as beautiful).
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
is slain 2491
{2491} Prime
From H2490; pierced (especially to death); figuratively polluted.
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
thy high places: 1116
{1116} Prime
From an unused root (meaning to be high); an elevation.
how x349
(0349) Complement
Prolonged from H0335; how? or how!; also where.
are the mighty 1368
{1368} Prime
Intensive from the same as H1397; powerful; by implication warrior, tyrant.
fallen! 5307
{5307} Prime
A primitive root; to fall, in a great variety of applications (intransitively or causatively, literally or figuratively).
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Samuel 1:19

_ _ The beauty of Israel is slain upon thy high places — literally, “the gazelle” or “antelope of Israel.” In Eastern countries, that animal is the chosen type of beauty and symmetrical elegance of form.

_ _ how are the mighty fallen! — This forms the chorus.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Samuel 1:17-27.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Samuel 1:19

Beauty — Their flower and glory. Saul and Jonathan, and their army. High places — Heb. upon thy high places; that is, those which belong to thee, O land of Israel. How — How strangely! How suddenly! How universally!

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Samuel 1:19

The beauty of Israel is (h) slain upon thy high places: how are the mighty fallen!

(h) Meaning Saul.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

2 Samuel 1:23 Saul and Jonathan [were] lovely and pleasant in their lives, and in their death they were not divided: they were swifter than eagles, they were stronger than lions.
Deuteronomy 4:7-8 For what nation [is there so] great, who [hath] God [so] nigh unto them, as the LORD our God [is] in all [things that] we call upon him [for]? ... And what nation [is there so] great, that hath statutes and judgments [so] righteous as all this law, which I set before you this day?
1 Samuel 31:8 And it came to pass on the morrow, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his three sons fallen in mount Gilboa.
Isaiah 4:2 In that day shall the branch of the LORD be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth [shall be] excellent and comely for them that are escaped of Israel.
Isaiah 53:2 For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, [there is] no beauty that we should desire him.
Lamentations 2:1 How hath the Lord covered the daughter of Zion with a cloud in his anger, [and] cast down from heaven unto the earth the beauty of Israel, and remembered not his footstool in the day of his anger!
Zechariah 11:7 And I will feed the flock of slaughter, [even] you, O poor of the flock. And I took unto me two staves; the one I called Beauty, and the other I called Bands; and I fed the flock.
Zechariah 11:10 And I took my staff, [even] Beauty, and cut it asunder, that I might break my covenant which I had made with all the people.

how are:

2 Samuel 1:25 How are the mighty fallen in the midst of the battle! O Jonathan, [thou wast] slain in thine high places.
2 Samuel 1:27 How are the mighty fallen, and the weapons of war perished!
Lamentations 5:16 The crown is fallen [from] our head: woe unto us, that we have sinned!
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 4:7. 1S 31:8. 2S 1:23, 25, 27. Is 4:2; 53:2. Lm 2:1; 5:16. Zc 11:7, 10.

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User-Posted Comments on 2 Samuel 1:19

"Beauty/splendour" being "Quickened and magnified"
- julsjewels3 (6/15/2014 11:10:05 AM)
great stuff!!!!
Thanks a lot for this material
- juan Coupeau (8/23/2012 3:57:52 AM) []
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