Parallel Bible VersionsHebrew Bible Study Tools

2 Samuel 1:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then David took hold on his clothes, and rent them; and likewise all the men that were with him:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then David took hold on his clothes, and rent them; and likewise all the men that [were] with him:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then David took hold of his clothes and tore them, and [so] also [did] all the men who [were] with him.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then David took hold on his clothes, and rent them; and likewise all the men that [were] with him:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Then David took hold of his garments and rent them; and all the men that were with him [did] likewise.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then David took hold of his clothes, and rent them,—yea moreover, [so did] all the men who were with him.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And David taketh hold on his garments, and rendeth them, and also all the men who [are] with him,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Then David took hold of his garments and rent them, and likewise all the men that were with him.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then Dauid tooke hold on his clothes, and rent them, and likewise all the men that [were] with him.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And David laid hold of his garments, and rent them; and all the men who were with him rent their garments.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then Dawid took hold on his clothes, and rent them; and likewise all the men that [were] with him:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
took hold 2388
{2388} Prime
A primitive root; to fasten upon; hence to seize, be strong (figuratively courageous, causatively strengthen, cure, help, repair, fortify), obstinate; to bind, restrain, conquer.
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
on his clothes, 899
{0899} Prime
From H0898; a covering, that is, clothing; also treachery or pillage.
and rent 7167
{7167} Prime
A primitive root; to rend, literally or figuratively (revile, paint the eyes, as if enlarging them).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
them; and likewise x1571
(1571) Complement
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
all x3605
(3605) Complement
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the men y582
[0582] Standard
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
(0376) Complement
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
that x834
(0834) Complement
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
[were] with x854
(0854) Complement
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 2 Samuel 1:2-12.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

2 Samuel 1:11-16

_ _ Here is, I. David's reception of these tidings. So far was he from falling into a transport of joy, as the Amalekite expected, that he fell into a passion of weeping, rent his clothes (2 Samuel 1:11), mourned and fasted (2 Samuel 1:12), not only for his people Israel and Jonathan his friend but for Saul his enemy. This he did, not only as a man of honour, in observance of that decorum which forbids us to insult over those that are fallen, and requires us to attend our relations to the grave with respect, whatever we lost by their life or got by their death, but as a good man and a man of conscience, that had forgiven the injuries Saul had done him and bore him no malice. He knew it, before his son wrote it (Proverbs 24:17, Proverbs 24:18), that if we rejoice when our enemy falls the Lord sees it, and it displeases him; and that he who is glad at calamities shall not go unpunished, Proverbs 17:5. By this it appears that those passages in David's psalms which express his desire of, and triumph in, the ruin of his enemies, proceeded not from a spirit of revenge, nor any irregular passion, but from a holy zeal for the glory of God and the public good; for by what he did here, when he heard of Saul's death, we may perceive that his natural temper was very tender, and that he was kindly affected even to those that hated him. He was very sincere, no question, in his mourning for Saul, and it was not pretended, or a copy of his countenance only. His passion was so strong, on this occasion, that it moved those about him; all that were with him, at least in complaisance to him, rent their clothes, and they fasted till even, in token of their sorrow; and probably it was a religious fast: they humbled themselves under the hand of God, and prayed for the repairing of the breaches made upon Israel by this defeat.

_ _ II. The reward he gave to him that brought him the tidings. Instead of preferring him, he put him to death, judged him out of his own mouth, as a murderer of his prince, and ordered him to be forthwith executed for the same. What a surprise was this to the messenger, who thought he should have favour shown him for his pains. In vain did he plead that he had Saul's order for it, that it was a real kindness to him, that he must inevitably have died; all those pleas are overruled: “Thy mouth has testified against thee, saying, I have slain the Lord's anointed (2 Samuel 1:16), therefore thou must die.” Now,

_ _ 1. David herein did not do unjustly. For, (1.) The man was an Amalekite. This, lest he should have mistaken it in his narrative, he made him own a second time, 2 Samuel 1:13. That nation, and all that belonged to it, were doomed to destruction, so that, in slaying him, David did what his predecessor should have done and was rejected for not doing. (2.) He did himself confess the crime, so that the evidence was, by the consent of all laws, sufficient to convict him; for every man is presumed to make the best of himself. If he did as he said, he deserved to die for treason (2 Samuel 1:14), doing that which, it is probable, he heard Saul's own armour-bearer refuse to do; if not, yet by boasting that he had done it he plainly showed that if there had been occasion he would have done it, and would have made nothing of it; and, by boasting of it to David, he showed what opinion he had of him, that he would rejoice in it, as one altogether like himself, which was an intolerable affront to him who had himself once and again refused to stretch forth his hand against the Lord's anointed. And his lying to David, if indeed it was a lie, was highly criminal, and proved, as sooner or later that sin will prove, lying against his own head.

_ _ 2. He did honourably and well. Hereby he demonstrated the sincerity of his grief, discouraged all others from thinking by doing the like to ingratiate themselves with him, and did that which might probably oblige the house of Saul and win upon them, and recommend him to the people as one that was zealous for public justice, without regard to his own private interest. We may learn from it that to give assistance to any in murdering themselves, directly or indirectly, if done wittingly, incurs the guilt of blood, and that the lives of princes ought to be, in a special manner, precious to us.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

2 Samuel 3:31 And David said to Joab, and to all the people that [were] with him, Rend your clothes, and gird you with sackcloth, and mourn before Abner. And king David [himself] followed the bier.
2 Samuel 13:31 Then the king arose, and tare his garments, and lay on the earth; and all his servants stood by with their clothes rent.
Genesis 37:29 And Reuben returned unto the pit; and, behold, Joseph [was] not in the pit; and he rent his clothes.
Genesis 37:34 And Jacob rent his clothes, and put sackcloth upon his loins, and mourned for his son many days.
Acts 14:14 [Which] when the apostles, Barnabas and Paul, heard [of], they rent their clothes, and ran in among the people, crying out,


Romans 12:15 Rejoice with them that do rejoice, and weep with them that weep.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes

Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 37:29, 34. 2S 3:31; 13:31. Ac 14:14. Ro 12:15.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on 2 Samuel 1:11.

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on 2 Samuel 1:11

Recent Chat Bible Comments