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2 Peter 3:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For this they willfully forget, that there were heavens from of old, and an earth compacted out of water and amidst water, by the word of God;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of the water and in the water:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For when they maintain this, it escapes their notice that by the word of God [the] heavens existed long ago and [the] earth was formed out of water and by water,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of the water and in the water:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For this is hidden from them through their own wilfulness, that heavens were of old, and an earth, having its subsistence out of water and in water, by the word of God,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For this they, willfully, forget—that there were, heavens, from of old, and, an earth, on account of water and by means of water, compacted, by God's word,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for this is unobserved by them willingly, that the heavens were of old, and the earth out of water and through water standing together by the word of God,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For this they are wilfully ignorant of: That the heavens were before, and the earth out of water and through water, consisting by the word of God:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heauens were of olde, and the earth standing out of the water, and in the water,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Unknown to them is this while they are willing, that the heaven was from of old, and the earth from the waters and through the waters subsisted, by the word of Aloha:
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For this they willingly forget, that the heavens were of old; and the earth rose up from the waters, and by means of water, by the word of God.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
this 5124
{5124} Prime
τοῦτο
touto
{too'-to}
Neuter, singular, nomitive or accusative of G3778; that thing.
they 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
willingly 2309
{2309} Prime
θέλω
thelo
{thel'-o}
In certain tenses θελέω [[theleo]], {thel-eh'-o}; and ἐθέλέω [[etheleo]], {eth-el-eh'-o}, which are otherwise obsolete; apparently strengthened from the alternate form of G0138; to determine (as an active voice option from subjective impulse; whereas G1014 properly denotes rather a passive voice acquiescence in objective considerations), that is, choose or prefer (literally or figuratively); by implication to wish, that is, be inclined to (sometimes adverbially gladly); impersonally for the future tense, to be about to; by Hebraism to delight in.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
are ignorant of, 2990
{2990} Prime
λανθάνω
lanthano
{lan-than'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary verb, which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses; to lie hid (literally or figuratively); often used adverbially unwittingly.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
by the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
word 3056
{3056} Prime
λόγος
logos
{log'-os}
From G3004; something said (including the thought); by implication a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension a computation; specifically (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (that is, Christ).
of God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
the heavens 3772
{3772} Prime
οὐρανός
ouranos
{oo-ran-os'}
Perhaps from the same as G3735 (through the idea of elevation); the sky; by extension heaven (as the abode of God); by implication happiness, power, eternity; specifically the Gospel (Christianity).
were 2258
{2258} Prime
ἦν
en
{ane}
Imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were).
z5713
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
of old, 1597
{1597} Prime
ἔκπαλαι
ekpalai
{eh'-pal-ahee}
From G1537 and G3819; long ago, for a long while.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the earth 1093
{1093} Prime
γῆ
ge
{ghay}
Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe (including the occupants in each application).
standing x4921
(4921) Complement
συνιστάω
sunistao
{soon-is-tah'-o}
From G4862 and G2476 (including its collateral forms); to set together, that is, (by implication) to introduce (favorably), or (figuratively) to exhibit; intransitively to stand near, or (figuratively) to constitute.
out y4921
[4921] Standard
συνιστάω
sunistao
{soon-is-tah'-o}
From G4862 and G2476 (including its collateral forms); to set together, that is, (by implication) to introduce (favorably), or (figuratively) to exhibit; intransitively to stand near, or (figuratively) to constitute.
z5761
<5761> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 193
of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the water 5204
{5204} Prime
ὕδωρ
hudor
{hoo'-dore}
From the base of G5205; water (as if rainy) literally or figuratively.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
in 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
the water: 5204
{5204} Prime
ὕδωρ
hudor
{hoo'-dore}
From the base of G5205; water (as if rainy) literally or figuratively.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Peter 3:5

_ _ Refutation of their scoffing from Scripture history.

_ _ willingly — willfully; they do not wish to know. Their ignorance is voluntary.

_ _ they ... are ignorant of — in contrast to 2 Peter 3:8, “Be not ignorant of this.” Literally, in both verses, “This escapes THEIR notice (sagacious philosophers though they think themselves)”; “let this not escape YOUR notice.” They obstinately shut their eyes to the Scripture record of the creation and the deluge; the latter is the very parallel to the coming judgment by fire, which Jesus mentions, as Peter doubtless remembered.

_ _ by the word of God — not by a fortuitous concurrence of atoms [Alford].

_ _ of oldGreek, “from of old”; from the first beginning of all things. A confutation of their objection, “all things continue as they were FROM THE BEGINNING OF CREATION.” Before the flood, the same objection to the possibility of the flood might have been urged with the same plausibility: The heavens (sky) and earth have been FROM OF OLD, how unlikely then that they should not continue so! But, replies Peter, the flood came in spite of their reasonings; so will the conflagration of the earth come in spite of the “scoffers” of the last days, changing the whole order of things (the present “world,” or as Greek means, “order”), and introducing the new heavens and earth (2 Peter 3:13).

_ _ earth standing out ofGreek, “consisting of,” that is, “formed out of the water.” The waters under the firmament were at creation gathered together into one place, and the dry land emerged out of and above, them.

_ _ in, etc. — rather, “by means of the water,” as a great instrument (along with fire) in the changes wrought on the earth’s surface to prepare it for man. Held together BY the water. The earth arose out of the water by the efficacy of the water itself [Tittmann].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Peter 3:3-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Peter 3:5

For this they are willingly ignorant of — They do not care to know or consider. That by the almighty word of God — Which bounds the duration of all things, so that it cannot be either longer or shorter. Of old — Before the flood. The aerial heavens were, and the earth — Not as it is now, but standing out of the water and in the water — Perhaps the interior globe of earth was fixed in the midst of the great deep, the abyss of water; the shell or exterior globe standing out of the water, covering the great deep. This, or some other great and manifest difference between the original and present constitution of the terraqueous globe, seems then to have been so generally known, that St. Peter charges their ignorance of it totally upon their wilfulness.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Peter 3:5

(4) For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the (b) earth standing out of the water and in the water:

(4) He sets against them the creation of heaven and earth by the word of God, which these men are willingly ignorant of.

(b) Which appeared, when the waters were gathered together into one place.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
they willingly:

Proverbs 17:16 Wherefore [is there] a price in the hand of a fool to get wisdom, seeing [he hath] no heart [to it]?
John 3:19-20 And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil. ... For every one that doeth evil hateth the light, neither cometh to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved.
Romans 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in [their] knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient;
2 Thessalonians 2:10-12 And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved. ... That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.

by the word:

Genesis 1:6 And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.
Genesis 1:9 And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry [land] appear: and it was so.
Psalms 24:2 For he hath founded it upon the seas, and established it upon the floods.
Psalms 33:6 By the word of the LORD were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth.
Psalms 136:6 To him that stretched out the earth above the waters: for his mercy [endureth] for ever.
Hebrews 11:3 Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear.

standing:
Gr. consisting,
Colossians 1:17 And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.
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Gn 1:6, 9. Ps 24:2; 33:6; 136:6. Pv 17:16. Jn 3:19. Ro 1:28. Col 1:17. 2Th 2:10. He 11:3.

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