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2 Peter 2:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For if God spared not angels when they sinned, but cast them down to hell, and committed them to pits of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast [them] down to hell, and delivered [them] into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but cast them into hell and committed them to pits of darkness, reserved for judgment;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast [them] down to hell, and delivered [them] into chains of darkness, to be reserved to judgment;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For if God spared not [the] angels who had sinned, but having cast them down to the deepest pit of gloom has delivered them to chains of darkness [to be] kept for judgment;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For—if, God, spared not, messengers, when they sinned, but, to pits of gloom, consigning them, in the lowest hades, delivered them up to be kept, unto judgment,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For if God messengers who sinned did not spare, but with chains of thick gloom, having cast [them] down to Tartarus, did deliver [them] to judgment, having been reserved,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but delivered them, drawn down by infernal ropes to the lower hell, unto torments, to be reserved unto judgment:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For if God spared not the Angels that sinned, but cast them downe to hell, [and] deliuered them into chaines of darkenesse, to be reserued vnto iudgment:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For if Aloha upon the angels who sinned was not lenient, but in chains of darkness shut them in the deeps, and delivered them to be kept to the judgment of pain;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For, if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to the infernal regions in chains of darkness, and delivered them up to be kept unto the judgment of torture,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
if 1487
{1487} Prime
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
spared 5339
{5339} Prime
φείδομαι
pheidomai
{fi'-dom-ahee}
Of uncertain affinity; to be chary of, that is, (subjectively) to abstain or (objectively) to treat leniently.
z5662
<5662> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 352
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
the angels 32
{0032} Prime
ἄγγελος
aggelos
{ang'-el-os}
From ἀγγέλλω [[aggello]] (probably derived from G0071; compare G0034; to bring tidings); a messenger; especially an 'angel'; by implication a pastor.
that sinned, 264
{0264} Prime
ἁμαρτάνω
hamartano
{ham-ar-tan'-o}
Perhaps from G0001 (as a negative particle) and the base of G3313; properly to miss the mark (and so not share in the prize), that is, (figuratively) to err, especially (morally) to sin.
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
cast [them] down to hell, 5020
{5020} Prime
ταρταρόω
tartaroo
{tar-tar-o'-o}
From Τάρταρος [[Tartaros]] (the deepest abyss of Hades); to incarcerate in eternal torment.
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
and delivered 3860
{3860} Prime
παραδίδωμι
paradidomi
{par-ad-id'-o-mee}
From G3844 and G1325; to surrender, that is, yield up, intrust, transmit.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
[them] into chains 4577
{4577} Prime
σειρά
seira
{si-rah'}
Probably from G4951 through its congener εἴρω [[eiro]] (to fasten; akin to G0138); a chain (as binding or drawing).
of darkness, 2217
{2217} Prime
ζόφος
zophos
{dzof'-os}
Akin to the base of G3509; gloom (as shrouding like a cloud).
to be reserved 5083
{5083} Prime
τηρέω
tereo
{tay-reh'-o}
From τηρός [[teros]] (a watch; perhaps akin to G2334); to guard (from loss or injury, properly by keeping the eye upon; and thus differing from G5442, which is properly to prevent escaping; and from G2892, which implies a fortress or full military lines of apparatus), that is, to note (a prophecy; figuratively to fulfil a command); by implication to detain (in custody; figuratively to maintain); by extension to withhold (for personal ends; figuratively to keep unmarried).
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
unto 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
judgment; 2920
{2920} Prime
κρίσις
krisis
{kree'-sis}
(Subjectively or objectively, for or against); by extension a tribunal; by implication justice (specifically divine law).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Peter 2:4

_ _ if — The apodosis or consequent member of the sentence is not expressed, but is virtually contained in 2 Peter 2:9. If God in past time has punished the ungodly and saved His people, He will be sure to do so also in our days (compare end of 2 Peter 2:3).

_ _ angels — the highest of intelligent creatures (compare with this verse, Jude 1:6), yet not spared when they sinned.

_ _ hellGreek,Tartarus”: nowhere else in New Testament or the Septuagint: equivalent to the usual Greek,Gehenna.” Not inconsistent with 1 Peter 5:8; for though their final doom is hell, yet for a time they are permitted to roam beyond it in “the darkness of this world.” Slaves of Tartarus (called “the abyss,” or “deep,” Luke 8:31; “the bottomless pit,” Revelation 9:11) may also come upon earth. Step by step they are given to Tartarus, until at last they shall be wholly bound to it.

_ _ delivered — as the judge delivers the condemned prisoner to the officers (Revelation 20:2).

_ _ into chains — (Jude 1:6). The oldest manuscripts read, “dens,” as Alford translates: the Greek, however, may, in Hellenistic Greek, mean “chains,” as Jude expresses it. They are “reserved” unto hell’s “mist of darkness” as their final “judgment” or doom, and meanwhile their exclusion from the light of heaven is begun. So the ungodly were considered as virtually “in prison,” though at large on the earth, from the moment that God’s sentence went forth, though not executed till one hundred twenty years after.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Peter 2:3-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Peter 2:4

Cast them down to hell — The bottomless pit, a place of unknown misery. Delivered them — Like condemned criminals to safe custody, as if bound with the strongest chains in a dungeon of darkness, to be reserved unto the judgment of the great day. Though still those chains do not hinder their often walking up and down seeking whom they may devour.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Peter 2:4

For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast [them] down to (c) hell, and delivered [them] into (d) chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;

(c) So the Greeks called the deep dungeons under the earth, which should be appointed to torment the souls of the wicked in.

(d) Bound them with darkness as with chains: and by darkness he means that most miserable state of life that is full of horror.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
spared:

2 Peter 2:5 And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth [person], a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly;
Deuteronomy 29:20 The LORD will not spare him, but then the anger of the LORD and his jealousy shall smoke against that man, and all the curses that are written in this book shall lie upon him, and the LORD shall blot out his name from under heaven.
Psalms 78:50 He made a way to his anger; he spared not their soul from death, but gave their life over to the pestilence;
Ezekiel 5:11 Wherefore, [as] I live, saith the Lord GOD; Surely, because thou hast defiled my sanctuary with all thy detestable things, and with all thine abominations, therefore will I also diminish [thee]; neither shall mine eye spare, neither will I have any pity.
Ezekiel 7:4 And mine eye shall not spare thee, neither will I have pity: but I will recompense thy ways upon thee, and thine abominations shall be in the midst of thee: and ye shall know that I [am] the LORD.
Ezekiel 7:9 And mine eye shall not spare, neither will I have pity: I will recompense thee according to thy ways and thine abominations [that] are in the midst of thee; and ye shall know that I [am] the LORD that smiteth.
Romans 8:32 He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?
Romans 11:21 For if God spared not the natural branches, [take heed] lest he also spare not thee.

the angels:

Job 4:18 Behold, he put no trust in his servants; and his angels he charged with folly:
Luke 10:18 And he said unto them, I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven.
John 8:44 Ye are of [your] father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.
1 John 3:8 He that committeth sin is of the devil; for the devil sinneth from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil.
Jude 1:6 And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.

but:

Isaiah 14:12 How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! [how] art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!
Matthew 8:29 And, behold, they cried out, saying, What have we to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of God? art thou come hither to torment us before the time?
Matthew 25:41 Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels:
Mark 5:7 And cried with a loud voice, and said, What have I to do with thee, Jesus, [thou] Son of the most high God? I adjure thee by God, that thou torment me not.
Luke 8:31 And they besought him that he would not command them to go out into the deep.
Revelation 12:7-9 And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels, ... And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.
Revelation 20:2-3 And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, ... And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season.
Revelation 20:10 And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet [are], and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.

into:

2 Peter 2:11 Whereas angels, which are greater in power and might, bring not railing accusation against them before the Lord.
Jude 1:6 And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.

to be:

2 Peter 2:9 The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished:
Job 21:30 That the wicked is reserved to the day of destruction? they shall be brought forth to the day of wrath.
Jude 1:13 Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 29:20. Jb 4:18; 21:30. Ps 78:50. Is 14:12. Ezk 5:11; 7:4, 9. Mt 8:29; 25:41. Mk 5:7. Lk 8:31; 10:18. Jn 8:44. Ro 8:32; 11:21. 2P 2:5, 9, 11. 1Jn 3:8. Jde 1:6, 13. Rv 12:7; 20:2, 10.

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