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2 Peter 2:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— but he was rebuked for his own transgression: a dumb ass spake with man's voice and stayed the madness of the prophet.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But was rebuked for his iniquity: the dumb ass speaking with man's voice forbad the madness of the prophet.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— but he received a rebuke for his own transgression, [for] a mute donkey, speaking with a voice of a man, restrained the madness of the prophet.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But was rebuked for his iniquity: the dumb ass speaking with man's voice, forbad the madness of the prophet.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— but had reproof of his own wickedness—[the] dumb ass speaking with man's voice forbad the folly of the prophet.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But had, a reproof, of his own transgression, a dumb beast of burden, in man's voice, finding utterance, forbade the prophet's madness.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and had a rebuke of his own iniquity—a dumb ass, in man's voice having spoken, did forbid the madness of the prophet.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But had a check of his madness, the dumb beast used to the yoke, which, speaking with man's voice, forbade the folly of the prophet.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But was rebuked for his iniquity: the dumbe asse speaking with mais voice, forbade the madnesse of the Prophet.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But he had reproof of his transgression; (for) the dumb ass which spake with the voice of man rebuked the madness of the prophet.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and who had for the reprover of his transgression a dumb ass, which, speaking with the speech of men, rebuked the madness of the prophet.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
was y2192
[2192] Standard
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
rebuked 1649
{1649} Prime
ἔλεγξις
elegxis
{el'-eng-xis}
From G1651; refutation, that is, reproof.
x2192
(2192) Complement
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
for his 2398
{2398} Prime
ἴδιος
idios
{id'-ee-os}
Of uncertain affinity; pertaining to self, that is, one's own; by implication private or separate.
iniquity: 3892
{3892} Prime
παρανομία
paranomia
{par-an-om-ee'-ah}
From the same as G3891; transgression.
the dumb 880
{0880} Prime
ἄφωνος
aphonos
{af'-o-nos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G5456; voiceless, that is, mute (by nature or choice); figuratively unmeaning.
ass 5268
{5268} Prime
ὑποζύγιον
hupozugion
{hoop-od-zoog'-ee-on}
Neuter of a compound of G5259 and G2218; an animal under the yoke (draught beast), that is, (specifically) a donkey.
speaking 5350
{5350} Prime
φθέγγομαι
phtheggomai
{ftheng'-gom-ahee}
Probably akin to G5338 and thus to G5346; to utter a clear sound, that is, (genitive case) to proclaim.
z5674
<5674> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2
with 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
man's 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
voice 5456
{5456} Prime
φωνή
phone
{fo-nay'}
Probably akin to G5316 through the idea of disclosure; a tone (articulate, bestial or artificial); by implication an address (for any purpose), saying or language.
forbad 2967
{2967} Prime
κωλύω
koluo
{ko-loo'-o}
From the base of G2849; to estop, that is, prevent (by word or act).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
madness 3913
{3913} Prime
παραφρονία
paraphronia
{par-af-ron-ee'-ah}
From G3912; insanity, that is, foolhardiness.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
prophet. 4396
{4396} Prime
προφήτης
prophetes
{prof-ay'-tace}
From a compound of G4253 and G5346; a foreteller ('prophet'); by analogy an inspired speaker; by extension a poet.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Peter 2:16

_ _ was rebukedGreek, “had a rebuke,” or conviction; an exposure of his specious wickedness on his being tested (the root verb of the Greek noun means to “convict on testing”).

_ _ hisGreek, “his own”: his own beast convicted him of his own iniquity.

_ _ ass — literally, “beast of burden”; the ass was the ordinary animal used in riding in Palestine.

_ _ dumbGreek, “voiceless-speaking in man’s voice”; marking the marvelous nature of the miracle.

_ _ forbade — literally, “hindered.” It was not the words of the ass (for it merely deprecated his beating it), but the miraculous fact of its speaking at all, which withstood Balaam’s perversity in desiring to go after God had forbidden him in the first instance. Thus indirectly the ass, and directly the angel, rebuked his worse than asinine obstinacy; the ass turned aside at the sight of the angel, but Balaam, after God had plainly said, Thou shalt not go, persevered in wishing to go for gain; thus the ass, in act, forbade his madness. How awful a contrast — a dumb beast forbidding an inspired prophet!

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Peter 2:10-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Peter 2:16

The beast — Though naturally dumb.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the dumb:

Numbers 22:22-33 And God's anger was kindled because he went: and the angel of the LORD stood in the way for an adversary against him. Now he was riding upon his ass, and his two servants [were] with him. ... And the ass saw me, and turned from me these three times: unless she had turned from me, surely now also I had slain thee, and saved her alive.

the madness:

Ecclesiastes 7:25 I applied mine heart to know, and to search, and to seek out wisdom, and the reason [of things], and to know the wickedness of folly, even of foolishness [and] madness:
Ecclesiastes 9:3 This [is] an evil among all [things] that are done under the sun, that [there is] one event unto all: yea, also the heart of the sons of men is full of evil, and madness [is] in their heart while they live, and after that [they go] to the dead.
Hosea 9:7 The days of visitation are come, the days of recompence are come; Israel shall know [it]: the prophet [is] a fool, the spiritual man [is] mad, for the multitude of thine iniquity, and the great hatred.
Luke 16:11 If therefore ye have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon, who will commit to your trust the true [riches]?
Acts 26:11 And I punished them oft in every synagogue, and compelled [them] to blaspheme; and being exceedingly mad against them, I persecuted [them] even unto strange cities.
Acts 26:24-25 And as he thus spake for himself, Festus said with a loud voice, Paul, thou art beside thyself; much learning doth make thee mad. ... But he said, I am not mad, most noble Festus; but speak forth the words of truth and soberness.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 22:22. Ec 7:25; 9:3. Ho 9:7. Lk 16:11. Ac 26:11, 24.

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