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2 Peter 2:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But these, as creatures without reason, born mere animals to be taken and destroyed, railing in matters whereof they are ignorant, shall in their destroying surely be destroyed,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But these, like unreasoning animals, born as creatures of instinct to be captured and killed, reviling where they have no knowledge, will in the destruction of those creatures also be destroyed,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But these, as natural animals without reason, made to be caught and destroyed, speaking injuriously in things they are ignorant of, shall also perish in their own corruption,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— These, however, as unreasoning creatures that have been bred as being, by nature, for capture and destruction, in the things they are ignorant of, uttering defamation, in their spoiling, shall also be made a spoil,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and these, as irrational natural beasts, made to be caught and destroyed—in what things they are ignorant of, speaking evil—in their destruction shall be destroyed,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But these men, as irrational beasts, naturally tending to the snare and to destruction, blaspheming those things which they know not, shall perish in their corruption:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But these, as natural bruit beasts made to bee taken and destroyed speake euill of the things that they vnderstand not, [and] shall vtterly perish in their owne corruption,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But these, as the dumb animals, by nature (ordained) to the knife and to destruction, blaspheming what they know not, in their own destruction will be destroyed;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But these, like the dumb beasts that by nature are for slaughter and corruption, while reviling the things they know not, will perish in their own corruption;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
these, 3778
{3778} Prime
οὗτος
houtos
{hoo'-tos}
Including the nominative masculine plural (second form), nominative feminine signular (third form), and the nominate feminine plural, (fourth form). From the article G3588 and G0846; the he (she or it), that is, this or that (often with the article repeated).
as 5613
{5613} Prime
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
natural 5446
{5446} Prime
φυσικός
phusikos
{foo-see-kos'}
From G5449; 'physical', that is, (by implication) instinctive.
brute 249
{0249} Prime
ἄλογος
alogos
{al'-og-os}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G3056; irrational.
beasts, 2226
{2226} Prime
ζῷον
zoon
{dzo'-on}
Neuter of a derivative of G2198; a live thing, that is, an animal.
made 1080
{1080} Prime
γεννάω
gennao
{ghen-nah'-o}
From a variation of G1085; to procreate (properly of the father, but by extension of the mother); figuratively to regenerate.
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
to y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
be taken 259
{0259} Prime
ἅλωσις
halosis
{hal'-o-sis}
From a collateral form of G0138; capture.
x1519
(1519) Complement
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
destroyed, y5356
[5356] Standard
φθορά
phthora
{fthor-ah'}
From G5351; decay, that is, ruin (spontaneous or inflicted, literally or figuratively).
x5336
(5336) Complement
φάτνη
phatne
{fat'-nay}
From πατέομαι [[pateomai]] (to eat); a crib (for fodder).
speak evil 987
{0987} Prime
βλασφημέω
blasphemeo
{blas-fay-meh'-o}
From G0989; to vilify; specifically to speak impiously.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
of 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the things that 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
they understand not; 50
{0050} Prime
ἀγνοέω
agnoeo
{ag-no-eh'-o}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G3539; not to know (through lack of information or intelligence); by implication to ignore (through disinclination).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
and shall utterly perish 2704
{2704} Prime
καταφθείρω
kataphtheiro
{kat-af-thi'-ro}
From G2596 and G5351; to spoil entirely, that is, (literally) to destroy; or (figuratively) to deprave.
z5691
<5691> Grammar
Tense - Second Future (See G5781)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 26
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
their own y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
corruption; 5356
{5356} Prime
φθορά
phthora
{fthor-ah'}
From G5351; decay, that is, ruin (spontaneous or inflicted, literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Peter 2:12

_ _ (Jude 1:19).

_ _ But — In contrast to the “angels,” 2 Peter 2:11.

_ _ bruteGreek, “irrational.” In contrast to angels that “excel in strength.”

_ _ beastsGreek, “animals” (compare Psalms 49:20).

_ _ natural — transposed in the oldest manuscripts, “born natural,” that is, born naturally so: being in their very nature (that is, naturally) as such (irrational animals), born to be taken and destroyed (Greek, “unto capture and destruction,” or corruption, see on Galatians 6:8; compare end of this verse, “shall perish,” literally, “shall be corrupted,” in their own corruption. Jude 1:10, naturally ... corrupt themselves,” and so destroy themselves; for one and the same Greek word expresses corruption, the seed, and destruction, the developed fruit).

_ _ speak evil ofGreek,in the case of things which they understand not.” Compare the same presumption, the parent of subsequent Gnostic error, producing an opposite, though kindred, error, the worshipping of good angels”: Colossians 2:18, “intruding into those things which he hath not seen.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Peter 2:10-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Peter 2:12

Savage as brute beasts — Several of which in the present disordered state of the world, seem born to be taken and destroyed.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Peter 2:12

(6) But these, as natural brute beasts, (l) made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their (m) own corruption;

(6) An accurate description of the same persons, in which they are compared to beasts who are made for destruction, while they give themselves to fill their bellies: For there is no greater ignorance than is in these men: although they most impudently find fault with those things of which they know not: and it shall come to pass that they shall destroy themselves as beasts with those pleasures with which they are delighted, and dishonour and defile the company of the godly.

(l) Made to this end to be a prey to others: So do these men willingly cast themselves into Satan's snares.

(m) Their own wicked conduct shall bring them to destruction.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
as natural:

Psalms 49:10 For he seeth [that] wise men die, likewise the fool and the brutish person perish, and leave their wealth to others.
Psalms 92:6 A brutish man knoweth not; neither doth a fool understand this.
Psalms 94:8 Understand, ye brutish among the people: and [ye] fools, when will ye be wise?
Jeremiah 4:22 For my people [is] foolish, they have not known me; they [are] sottish children, and they have none understanding: they [are] wise to do evil, but to do good they have no knowledge.
Jeremiah 5:4 Therefore I said, Surely these [are] poor; they are foolish: for they know not the way of the LORD, [nor] the judgment of their God.
Jeremiah 10:8 But they are altogether brutish and foolish: the stock [is] a doctrine of vanities.
Jeremiah 10:21 For the pastors are become brutish, and have not sought the LORD: therefore they shall not prosper, and all their flocks shall be scattered.
Jeremiah 12:3 But thou, O LORD, knowest me: thou hast seen me, and tried mine heart toward thee: pull them out like sheep for the slaughter, and prepare them for the day of slaughter.
Ezekiel 21:31 And I will pour out mine indignation upon thee, I will blow against thee in the fire of my wrath, and deliver thee into the hand of brutish men, [and] skilful to destroy.
Jude 1:10 But these speak evil of those things which they know not: but what they know naturally, as brute beasts, in those things they corrupt themselves.

perish:

2 Peter 2:19 While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage.
2 Peter 1:4 Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.
Proverbs 14:32 The wicked is driven away in his wickedness: but the righteous hath hope in his death.
John 8:21 Then said Jesus again unto them, I go my way, and ye shall seek me, and shall die in your sins: whither I go, ye cannot come.
Galatians 6:8 For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption; but he that soweth to the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 49:10; 92:6; 94:8. Pv 14:32. Jr 4:22; 5:4; 10:8, 21; 12:3. Ezk 21:31. Jn 8:21. Ga 6:8. 2P 1:4; 2:19. Jde 1:10.

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