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2 Peter 1:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— whereby he hath granted unto us his precious and exceeding great promises; that through these ye may become partakers of the divine nature, having escaped from the corruption that is in that world by lust.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For by these He has granted to us His precious and magnificent promises, so that by them you may become partakers of [the] divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world by lust.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Whereby are given to us exceeding great and precious promises; that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— through which he has given to us the greatest and precious promises, that through these ye may become partakers of [the] divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Through which, his precious, and very great, promises, have, unto us, been given, in order that, through these, ye might become sharers in a divine nature—escaping the corruption that is in the world by coveting.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— through which to us the most great and precious promises have been given, that through these ye may become partakers of a divine nature, having escaped from the corruption in the world in desires.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— By whom he hath given us most great and precious promises: that by these you may be made partakers of the divine nature: flying the corruption of that concupiscence which is in the world.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Whereby are giuen vnto vs exceeding great and precious promises, that by these you might bee partakers of the diuine nature, hauing escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— by annunciations great and precious which he hath given to you, that by them you may be partakers of the divine nature, while you escape the corruption of the lusts which are in the world;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— wherein he hath given you very great and precious promises; that by them ye might become partakers of the nature of God, while ye flee from the corruptions of the lusts that are in the world.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Whereby 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
are given 1433
{1433} Prime
δωρέομαι
doreomai
{do-reh'-om-ahee}
Middle voice from G1435; to bestow gratuitously.
z5769
<5769> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 215
unto us 2254
{2254} Prime
ἡμῖν
hemin
{hay-meen'}
Dative plural of G1473; to (or for, with, by) us.
exceeding great 3176
{3176} Prime
μέγιστος
megistos
{meg'-is-tos}
Superlative of G3173; greatest or very great.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
precious 5093
{5093} Prime
τίμιος
timios
{tim'-ee-os}
Including the comparative τίμιώτερος [[timioteros]], {tim-ee-o'-ter-os}; and the superlative τίμιώτατος [[timiotatos]], {tim-ee-o'-tat-os}; from G5092; valuable, that is, (objectively) costly, or (subjectively) honored, esteemed, or (figuratively) beloved.
promises: 1862
{1862} Prime
ἐπάγγελμα
epaggelma
{ep-ang'-el-mah}
From G1861; a self committal (by assurance of conferring some good).
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
by 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
these 5130
{5130} Prime
τούτων
touton
{too'-tone}
Genitive plural masculine or neuter of G3778; of (from or concerning) these (persons or things).
ye might be 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5638
<5638> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 66
partakers 2844
{2844} Prime
κοινωνός
koinonos
{koy-no-nos'}
From G2839; a sharer, that is, associate.
of the divine 2304
{2304} Prime
θεῖος
theios
{thi'-os}
From G2316; godlike (neuter as noun, divinity).
nature, 5449
{5449} Prime
φύσις
phusis
{foo'-sis}
From G5453; growth (by germination or expansion), that is, (by implication) natural production (lineal descent); by extension a genus or sort; figuratively native disposition, constitution or usage.
having escaped 668
{0668} Prime
ἀποφεύγω
apopheugo
{ap-of-yoo'-go}
From G0575 and G5343; (figuratively) to escape.
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
corruption 5356
{5356} Prime
φθορά
phthora
{fthor-ah'}
From G5351; decay, that is, ruin (spontaneous or inflicted, literally or figuratively).
that is in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the world 2889
{2889} Prime
κόσμος
kosmos
{kos'-mos}
Probably from the base of G2865; orderly arrangement, that is, decoration; by implication the world (in a wide or narrow sense, including its inhabitants, literally or figuratively [morally]).
through 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
lust. 1939
{1939} Prime
ἐπιθυμία
epithumia
{ep-ee-thoo-mee'-ah}
From G1937; a longing (especially for what is forbidden).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Peter 1:4

_ _ Whereby, etc. — By His glory and virtue: His glory making the “promises” to be exceeding great; His virtue making them “precious” [Bengel]. Precious promises are the object of precious faith.

_ _ given — The promises themselves are a gift: for God’s promises are as sure as if they were fulfilled.

_ _ by thesepromises. They are the object of faith, and even now have a sanctifying effect on the believer, assimilating him to God. Still more so, when they shall be fulfilled.

_ _ might, etc. — Greek, “that ye MAY become partakers of the divine nature,” even now in part; hereafter perfectly; 1 John 3:2, “We shall be like Him.”

_ _ the divine nature — not God’s essence, but His holiness, including His “glory” and “virtue,” 2 Peter 1:3; the opposite to “corruption through lust.” Sanctification is the imparting to us of God Himself by the Holy Spirit in the soul. We by faith partake also of the material nature of Jesus (Ephesians 5:30). The “divine power” enables us to be partakers of “the divine nature.

_ _ escaped the corruption — which involves in, and with itself, destruction at last of soul and body; on “escaped” as from a condemned cell, compare 2 Peter 2:18-20; Genesis 19:17; Colossians 1:13.

_ _ throughGreek, “in.” “The corruption in the world” has its seat, not so much in the surrounding elements, as in the “lust” or concupiscence of men’s hearts.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Peter 1:1-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Peter 1:4

Through which — Glory and fortitude. He hath given us exceeding great, and inconceivably precious promises — Both the promises and the things promised, which follow in their due season, that, sustained and encouraged by the promises, we may obtain all that he has promised. That, having escaped the manifold corruption which is in the world — From that fruitful fountain, evil desire. Ye may become partakers of the divine nature — Being renewed in the image of God, and having communion with them, so as to dwell in God and God in you.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Peter 1:4

(4) Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the (e) divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.

(4) An explanation of the former sentence, declaring the causes of so great benefits, that is, God and his free promise, from which all these benefits proceed, I say, these most excellent benefits, by which we are delivered from the corruption of this world, (that is, from the wicked lusts which we carry about in us) and are made like God himself.

(e) By the divine nature he means not the substance of the Godhead, but the partaking of those qualities, by which the image of God is restored in us.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
are given:

2 Peter 1:1 Simon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ, to them that have obtained like precious faith with us through the righteousness of God and our Saviour Jesus Christ:
Ezekiel 36:25-27 Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be clean: from all your filthiness, and from all your idols, will I cleanse you. ... And I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do [them].
Romans 9:4 Who are Israelites; to whom [pertaineth] the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service [of God], and the promises;
2 Corinthians 1:20 For all the promises of God in him [are] yea, and in him Amen, unto the glory of God by us.
2 Corinthians 6:17-18 Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean [thing]; and I will receive you, ... And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.
2 Corinthians 7:1 Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God.
Galatians 3:16 Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ.
Hebrews 8:6-12 But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises. ... For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more.
Hebrews 9:15 And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions [that were] under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.
1 John 2:25 And this is the promise that he hath promised us, [even] eternal life.

ye might:

John 1:12-13 But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, [even] to them that believe on his name: ... Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
2 Corinthians 3:18 But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, [even] as by the Spirit of the Lord.
Ephesians 4:23-24 And be renewed in the spirit of your mind; ... And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.
Colossians 3:10 And have put on the new [man], which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him:
Hebrews 12:10 For they verily for a few days chastened [us] after their own pleasure; but he for [our] profit, that [we] might be partakers of his holiness.
1 John 3:2 Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is.

having:

2 Peter 2:18-20 For when they speak great swelling [words] of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, [through much] wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error. ... For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning.
Galatians 6:8 For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption; but he that soweth to the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting.
James 4:1-3 From whence [come] wars and fightings among you? [come they] not hence, [even] of your lusts that war in your members? ... Ye ask, and receive not, because ye ask amiss, that ye may consume [it] upon your lusts.
1 Peter 4:2-3 That he no longer should live the rest of [his] time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God. ... For the time past of [our] life may suffice us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, and abominable idolatries:
1 John 2:15-16 Love not the world, neither the things [that are] in the world. If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him. ... For all that [is] in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world.
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Ezk 36:25. Jn 1:12. Ro 9:4. 2Co 1:20; 3:18; 6:17; 7:1. Ga 3:16; 6:8. Ep 4:23. Col 3:10. He 8:6; 9:15; 12:10. Jm 4:1. 1P 4:2. 2P 1:1; 2:18. 1Jn 2:15, 25; 3:2.

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