Parallel Bible VersionsGreek Bible Study Tools

2 Peter 1:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— seeing that his divine power hath granted unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that called us by his own glory and virtue;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that [pertain] unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— seeing that His divine power has granted to us everything pertaining to life and godliness, through the true knowledge of Him who called us by His own glory and excellence.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— According as his divine power hath given to us all things that [pertain] to life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— As his divine power has given to us all things which relate to life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that has called us by glory and virtue,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— As, all things, suited for life and godliness his divine power, unto us, hath given, through the personal knowledge of him that hath called us through glory and excellence,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— As all things to us His divine power (the things pertaining unto life and piety) hath given, through the acknowledgement of him who did call us through glory and worthiness,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— As all things of his divine power which appertain to life and godliness are given us through the knowledge of him who hath called us by his own proper glory and virtue.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— According as his diuine power hath giuen vnto vs all things that [pertain] vnto life and godlines, through the knowledge of him that hath called vs to glory and vertue.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— As He who all (things) which of the divine power are unto life and godliness hath given (us), through the knowledge of Him who hath called us unto the glory of him and of virtue,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— as the giver to us of all things that be of the power of God, unto life and the fear of God, through the recognition of him who hath called us unto his own glory and moral excellence:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
According as 5613
{5613} Prime
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
his 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
divine 2304
{2304} Prime
θεῖος
theios
{thi'-os}
From G2316; godlike (neuter as noun, divinity).
power 1411
{1411} Prime
δύναμις
dunamis
{doo'-nam-is}
From G1410; force (literally or figuratively); specifically miraculous power (usually by implication a miracle itself).
hath given 1433
{1433} Prime
δωρέομαι
doreomai
{do-reh'-om-ahee}
Middle voice from G1435; to bestow gratuitously.
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
unto us 2254
{2254} Prime
ἡμῖν
hemin
{hay-meen'}
Dative plural of G1473; to (or for, with, by) us.
all things 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
that x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
[pertain] unto 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
life 2222
{2222} Prime
ζωή
zoe
{dzo-ay'}
From G2198; life (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
godliness, 2150
{2150} Prime
εὐσέβεια
eusebeia
{yoo-seb'-i-ah}
From G2152; piety; specifically the gospel scheme.
through 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
knowledge 1922
{1922} Prime
ἐπίγνωσις
epignosis
{ep-ig'-no-sis}
From G1921; recognition, that is, (by implication) full discernment, acknowledgement.
of him that hath called 2564
{2564} Prime
καλέω
kaleo
{kal-eh'-o}
Akin to the base of G2753; to 'call' (properly aloud, but used in a variety of applications, directly or otherwise).
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
us 2248
{2248} Prime
ἡμᾶς
hemas
{hay-mas'}
Accusative plural of G1473; us.
to 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
glory 1391
{1391} Prime
δόξα
doxa
{dox'-ah}
From the base of G1380; glory (as very apparent), in a wide application (literally or figuratively, objectively or subjectively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
virtue: 703
{0703} Prime
ἀρετή
arete
{ar-et'-ay}
From the same as G0730; properly manliness (valor), that is, excellence (intrinsic or attributed).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Peter 1:3

_ _ According as, etc. — Seeing that [Alford]. “As He hath given us ALL things (needful) for life and godliness, (so) do you give us ALL diligence,” etc. The oil and flame are given wholly of grace by God, and “taken” by believers: their part henceforth is to “trim their lamps” (compare 2 Peter 1:3, 2 Peter 1:4 with 2 Peter 1:5, etc.).

_ _ life and godliness — Spiritual life must exist first before there can be true godliness. Knowledge of God experimentally is the first step to life (John 17:3). The child must have vital breath. first, and then cry to, and walk in the ways of, his father. It is not by godliness that we obtain life, but by life, godliness. To life stands opposed corruption; to godliness, lust (2 Peter 1:4).

_ _ called us — (2 Peter 1:10); “calling” (1 Peter 2:9).

_ _ to glory and virtue — rather, “through (His) glory.” Thus English Version reads as one oldest manuscript. But other oldest manuscripts and Vulgate read, “By His own (peculiar) glory and virtue”; being the explanation of “His divine power”; glory and moral excellency (the same attribute is given to God in 1 Peter 2:9, “praises,” literally, “virtues”) characterize God’s “power.” “Virtue,” the standing word in heathen ethics, is found only once in Paul (Philippians 4:8), and in Peter in a distinct sense from its classic usage; it (in the heathen sense) is a term too low and earthly for expressing the gifts of the Spirit [Trench, Greek Synonyms of the New Testament].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Peter 1:1-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Peter 1:3

As his divine power has given us all things — There is a wonderful cheerfulness in this exordium, which begins with the exhortation itself. That pertain to life and godliness — To the present, natural life, and to the continuance and increase of spiritual life. Through that divine knowledge of him — Of Christ. Who hath called us by — His own glorious power, to eternal glory, as the end; by Christian virtue or fortitude, as the means.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Peter 1:3

(3) According as his (b) divine power hath given unto us all things that [pertain] unto (c) life and godliness, through the (d) knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue:

(3) Christ sets forth himself to us plainly in the Gospel, and that by his only power, and gives us all things which are required both for eternal life, in which he has appointed to glorify us, and also to godliness, in that he furnishes us with true virtue.

(b) He speaks of Christ, whom he makes God and the only Saviour.

(c) To salvation.

(d) This is the sum of true religion, to be led by Christ to the Father, as it were by the hand.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
his:

Psalms 110:3 Thy people [shall be] willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth.
Matthew 28:18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.
John 17:2 As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him.
2 Corinthians 12:9 And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me.
Ephesians 1:19-21 And what [is] the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power, ... Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:
Colossians 1:16 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether [they be] thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him:
Hebrews 1:3 Who being the brightness of [his] glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;

all:

Psalms 84:11 For the LORD God [is] a sun and shield: the LORD will give grace and glory: no good [thing] will he withhold from them that walk uprightly.
Romans 8:32 He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?
1 Corinthians 3:21-23 Therefore let no man glory in men. For all things are yours; ... And ye are Christ's; and Christ [is] God's.
1 Timothy 4:8 For bodily exercise profiteth little: but godliness is profitable unto all things, having promise of the life that now is, and of that which is to come.

through:

2 Peter 1:2 Grace and peace be multiplied unto you through the knowledge of God, and of Jesus our Lord,
John 17:3 And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.

called:

Romans 8:28-30 And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to [his] purpose. ... Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.
Romans 9:24 Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles?
1 Corinthians 1:9 God [is] faithful, by whom ye were called unto the fellowship of his Son Jesus Christ our Lord.
Ephesians 4:1 I therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech you that ye walk worthy of the vocation wherewith ye are called,
Ephesians 4:4 [There is] one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling;
1 Thessalonians 2:12 That ye would walk worthy of God, who hath called you unto his kingdom and glory.
1 Thessalonians 4:7 For God hath not called us unto uncleanness, but unto holiness.
2 Thessalonians 2:14 Whereunto he called you by our gospel, to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.
2 Timothy 1:9 Who hath saved us, and called [us] with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began,
1 Peter 1:15 But as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner of conversation;
1 Peter 2:9 But ye [are] a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light:
1 Peter 2:21 For even hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow his steps:
1 Peter 3:9 Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing: but contrariwise blessing; knowing that ye are thereunto called, that ye should inherit a blessing.
1 Peter 5:10 But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle [you].

to:
or, by

virtue:

2 Peter 1:5 And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge;
Ruth 3:11 And now, my daughter, fear not; I will do to thee all that thou requirest: for all the city of my people doth know that thou [art] a virtuous woman.
Proverbs 12:4 A virtuous woman [is] a crown to her husband: but she that maketh ashamed [is] as rottenness in his bones.
Proverbs 31:10 Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price [is] far above rubies.
Proverbs 31:29 Many daughters have done virtuously, but thou excellest them all.
Philippians 4:8 Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things [are] honest, whatsoever things [are] just, whatsoever things [are] pure, whatsoever things [are] lovely, whatsoever things [are] of good report; if [there be] any virtue, and if [there be] any praise, think on these things.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ru 3:11. Ps 84:11; 110:3. Pv 12:4; 31:10, 29. Mt 28:18. Jn 17:2, 3. Ro 8:28, 32; 9:24. 1Co 1:9; 3:21. 2Co 12:9. Ep 1:19; 4:1, 4. Php 4:8. Col 1:16. 1Th 2:12; 4:7. 2Th 2:14. 1Ti 4:8. 2Ti 1:9. He 1:3. 1P 1:15; 2:9, 21; 3:9; 5:10. 2P 1:2, 5.

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