Parallel Bible VersionsGreek Bible Study Tools

2 Peter 1:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For no prophecy ever came by the will of man: but men spake from God, being moved by the Holy Spirit.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake [as they were] moved by the Holy Ghost.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— for no prophecy was ever made by an act of human will, but men moved by the Holy Spirit spoke from God.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spoke [as they were] moved by the Holy Spirit.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— for prophecy was not ever uttered by [the] will of man, but holy men of God spake under the power of [the] Holy Spirit.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For not, by will of man, was prophecy brought in, at any time, but, as, by Holy Spirit, they were borne along, spake, men, from God.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for not by will of man did ever prophecy come, but by the Holy Spirit borne on holy men of God spake.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For prophecy came not by the will of man at any time: but the holy men of God spoke, inspired by the Holy Ghost.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For the prophecie came not in olde time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moued by the holy Ghost.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For not by the will of man came any prophecy, but while by the Holy Spirit led spake the holy men of God.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For at no time was it by the pleasure of man, that the prophecy came; but holy men of God spoke, as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
the prophecy 4394
{4394} Prime
προφητεία
propheteia
{prof-ay-ti'-ah}
From G4396 ('prophecy'); prediction (scriptural or other).
came 5342
{5342} Prime
φέρω
phero
{fer'-o}
A primary verb (for which other and apparently not cognate ones are used in certain tenses only; namely οἴω [[oio]], {oy'-o}; and ἐνέγκω [[enegko]], {en-eng'-ko}); to 'bear' or carry (in a very wide application, literally and figuratively.
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
in old time 4218
{4218} Prime
ποτέ
pote
{pot-eh'}
From the base of G4225 and G5037; indefinite adverb, at some time, ever.
by the will 2307
{2307} Prime
θέλημα
thelema
{thel'-ay-mah}
From the prolonged form of G2309; a determination (properly the thing), that is, (actively) choice (specifically purpose, decree; abstractly volition) or (passively) inclination.
of man: 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
holy 40
{0040} Prime
ἅγιος
hagios
{hag'-ee-os}
From ἅγος [[hagos]] (an awful thing) compare G0053, [H2282]; sacred (physically pure, morally blameless or religious, ceremonially consecrated).
men 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
of God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
spake 2980
{2980} Prime
λαλέω
laleo
{lal-eh'-o}
A prolonged form of an otherwise obsolete verb; to talk, that is, utter words.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
[as they were] moved 5342
{5342} Prime
φέρω
phero
{fer'-o}
A primary verb (for which other and apparently not cognate ones are used in certain tenses only; namely οἴω [[oio]], {oy'-o}; and ἐνέγκω [[enegko]], {en-eng'-ko}); to 'bear' or carry (in a very wide application, literally and figuratively.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
by 5259
{5259} Prime
ὑπό
hupo
{hoop-o'}
A primary preposition; under, that is, (with the genitive) of place (beneath), or with verbs (the agency or means, through); (with the accusative) of place (whither [underneath] or where [below]) or time (when [at]).
the Holy 40
{0040} Prime
ἅγιος
hagios
{hag'-ee-os}
From ἅγος [[hagos]] (an awful thing) compare G0053, [H2282]; sacred (physically pure, morally blameless or religious, ceremonially consecrated).
Ghost. 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Peter 1:21

_ _ came not in old time — rather, “was never at any time borne” (to us).

_ _ by the will of man — alone. Jeremiah 23:26, “prophets of the deceit of their own heart.” Compare 2 Peter 3:5, “willingly.”

_ _ holy — One oldest manuscript has, “men FROM God”: the emissaries from God. “Holy,” if read, will mean because they had the Holy Spirit.

_ _ movedGreek, “borne” (along) as by a mighty wind: Acts 2:2, “rushing (the same Greek) wind”: rapt out of themselves: still not in fanatical excitement (1 Corinthians 14:32). The Hebrewnabi,” “prophet,” meant an announcer or interpreter of God: he, as God’s spokesman, interpreted not his own “private” will or thought, but God’s “Man of the Spirit” (Hosea 9:7, Margin). “Thou testifiedst by Thy Spirit in Thy prophets.” “Seer,” on the other hand, refers to the mode of receiving the communications from God, rather than to the utterance of them to others. “Spake” implies that, both in its original oral announcement, and now even when in writing, it has been always, and is, the living voice of God speaking to us through His inspired servants. Greek, “borne (along)” forms a beautiful antithesis to “was borne.” They were passive, rather than active instruments. The Old Testament prophets primarily, but including also all the inspired penmen, whether of the New or Old Testament (2 Peter 3:2).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Peter 1:19-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Peter 1:21

For prophecy came not of old by the will of man — Of any mere man whatever. But the holy men of God — Devoted to him, and set apart by him for that purpose, spake and wrote. Being moved — Literally, carried. They were purely passive therein.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Peter 1:21

For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but (p) holy men of God spake [as they were] (q) moved by the Holy Ghost.

(p) The godly interpreters and messengers.

(q) Inspired by God: their actions were in very good order, and not as the actions of the profane soothsayers, and foretellers of things to come.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the prophecy:

Luke 1:70 As he spake by the mouth of his holy prophets, which have been since the world began:
2 Timothy 3:16 All scripture [is] given by inspiration of God, and [is] profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:
1 Peter 1:11 Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow.

in old time:
or, at any time holy,
Deuteronomy 33:1 And this [is] the blessing, wherewith Moses the man of God blessed the children of Israel before his death.
Joshua 14:6 Then the children of Judah came unto Joshua in Gilgal: and Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite said unto him, Thou knowest the thing that the LORD said unto Moses the man of God concerning me and thee in Kadeshbarnea.
1 Kings 13:1 And, behold, there came a man of God out of Judah by the word of the LORD unto Bethel: and Jeroboam stood by the altar to burn incense.
1 Kings 17:18 And she said unto Elijah, What have I to do with thee, O thou man of God? art thou come unto me to call my sin to remembrance, and to slay my son?
1 Kings 17:24 And the woman said to Elijah, Now by this I know that thou [art] a man of God, [and] that the word of the LORD in thy mouth [is] truth.
2 Kings 4:7 Then she came and told the man of God. And he said, Go, sell the oil, and pay thy debt, and live thou and thy children of the rest.
2 Kings 4:9 And she said unto her husband, Behold now, I perceive that this [is] an holy man of God, which passeth by us continually.
2 Kings 4:22 And she called unto her husband, and said, Send me, I pray thee, one of the young men, and one of the asses, that I may run to the man of God, and come again.
2 Kings 6:10 And the king of Israel sent to the place which the man of God told him and warned him of, and saved himself there, not once nor twice.
2 Kings 6:15 And when the servant of the man of God was risen early, and gone forth, behold, an host compassed the city both with horses and chariots. And his servant said unto him, Alas, my master! how shall we do?
1 Chronicles 23:14 Now [concerning] Moses the man of God, his sons were named of the tribe of Levi.
2 Chronicles 8:14 And he appointed, according to the order of David his father, the courses of the priests to their service, and the Levites to their charges, to praise and minister before the priests, as the duty of every day required: the porters also by their courses at every gate: for so had David the man of God commanded.

spake:

Numbers 16:28 And Moses said, Hereby ye shall know that the LORD hath sent me to do all these works; for [I have] not [done them] of mine own mind.
2 Samuel 23:2 The Spirit of the LORD spake by me, and his word [was] in my tongue.
Micah 3:7 Then shall the seers be ashamed, and the diviners confounded: yea, they shall all cover their lips; for [there is] no answer of God.
Luke 1:70 As he spake by the mouth of his holy prophets, which have been since the world began:
2 Timothy 3:15-17 And that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus. ... That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works.
1 Peter 1:11 Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow.
Revelation 19:10 And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See [thou do it] not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.

by the Holy:

Mark 12:36 For David himself said by the Holy Ghost, The LORD said to my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool.
Acts 1:16 Men [and] brethren, this scripture must needs have been fulfilled, which the Holy Ghost by the mouth of David spake before concerning Judas, which was guide to them that took Jesus.
Acts 3:18 But those things, which God before had shewed by the mouth of all his prophets, that Christ should suffer, he hath so fulfilled.
Acts 28:25 And when they agreed not among themselves, they departed, after that Paul had spoken one word, Well spake the Holy Ghost by Esaias the prophet unto our fathers,
Hebrews 3:7 Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost saith, To day if ye will hear his voice,
Hebrews 9:8 The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing:
Hebrews 10:15 [Whereof] the Holy Ghost also is a witness to us: for after that he had said before,
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 16:28. Dt 33:1. Jsh 14:6. 2S 23:2. 1K 13:1; 17:18, 24. 2K 4:7, 9, 22; 6:10, 15. 1Ch 23:14. 2Ch 8:14. Mi 3:7. Mk 12:36. Lk 1:70. Ac 1:16; 3:18; 28:25. 2Ti 3:15, 16. He 3:7; 9:8; 10:15. 1P 1:11. Rv 19:10.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on 2 Peter 1:21.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on 2 Peter 1:21


Recent Chat Bible Comments