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2 Peter 1:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Wherefore, brethren, give the more diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never stumble:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Therefore, brethren, be all the more diligent to make certain about His calling and choosing you; for as long as you practice these things, you will never stumble;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Wherefore the rather, brethren, use diligence to make your calling and election sure, for doing these things ye will never fall;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Wherefore, all the more, brethren, give diligence to be making, firm, your calling and election; for, these things, doing, in nowise shall ye stumble at any time,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— wherefore, the rather, brethren, be diligent to make stedfast your calling and choice, for these things doing, ye may never stumble,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Wherefore, brethren, labour the more, that by good works you may make sure your calling and election. For doing these things, you shall not sin at any time.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wherefore, the rather, brethren, giue diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye doe these things, ye shall neuer fall.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Upon this the more, my brethren, be careful, that by your good works your calling and your election you may confirm; for, while you do these, you will never lapse;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And therefore, my brethren, be ye exceedingly diligent to make your calling and election sure, by your good actions: for, by so doing, ye will never fall away.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wherefore 1352
{1352} Prime
διό
dio
{dee-o'}
From G1223 and G3739; through which thing, that is, consequently.
the rather, 3123
{3123} Prime
μᾶλλον
mallon
{mal'-lon}
Neuter of the comparative of the same as G3122; (adverb) more (in a greater degree) or rather.
brethren, 80
{0080} Prime
ἀδελφός
adelphos
{ad-el-fos'}
From G0001 (as a connective particle) and δελφύς [[delphus]] (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like [H0001]).
give diligence 4704
{4704} Prime
σπουδάζω
spoudazo
{spoo-dad'-zo}
From G4710; to use speed, that is, to make effort, be prompt or earnest.
z5657
<5657> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 376
to make 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5733
<5733> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 30
your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
calling 2821
{2821} Prime
κλῆσις
klesis
{klay'-sis}
From a shorter form of G2564; an invitation (figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
election 1589
{1589} Prime
ἐκλογή
ekloge
{ek-log-ay'}
From G1586; (divine) selection (abstractly or concretely).
sure: 949
{0949} Prime
βέβαιος
bebaios
{beb'-ah-yos}
From the base of G0939 (through the idea of basality); stable (literally or figuratively).
for 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
if ye do 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
these things, 5023
{5023} Prime
ταῦτα
tauta
{tow'-tah}
Nomitive or accusative neuter plural of G3778; these things.
ye shall y4218
[4218] Standard
ποτέ
pote
{pot-eh'}
From the base of G4225 and G5037; indefinite adverb, at some time, ever.
y4417
[4417] Standard
πταίω
ptaio
{ptah'-yo}
A form of G4098; to trip, that is, (figuratively) to err, sin, fail (of salvation).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
never 3364
{3364} Prime
οὐ με
ou me
{oo may}
That is, G3756 and G3361; a double negative strengthening the denial; not at all.
x4218
(4218) Complement
ποτέ
pote
{pot-eh'}
From the base of G4225 and G5037; indefinite adverb, at some time, ever.
fall: 4417
{4417} Prime
πταίω
ptaio
{ptah'-yo}
A form of G4098; to trip, that is, (figuratively) to err, sin, fail (of salvation).
y4218
[4218] Standard
ποτέ
pote
{pot-eh'}
From the base of G4225 and G5037; indefinite adverb, at some time, ever.
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Peter 1:10

_ _ Wherefore — seeking the blessed consequence of having, and the evil effects of not having, these graces (2 Peter 1:8, 2 Peter 1:9).

_ _ the rather — the more earnestly.

_ _ brethren — marking that it is affection for them which constrains him so earnestly to urge them. Nowhere else does he so address them, which makes his calling them so here the more emphatical.

_ _ give diligence — The Greek aorist implies one lifelong effect [Alford].

_ _ to makeGreek middle voice; to make so far as it depends on you; to do your part towards making. “To make” absolutely and finally is God’s part, and would be in the active.

_ _ your calling and election sure — by ministering additionally in your faith virtue, and in your virtue knowledge, etc. God must work all these graces in us, yet not so that we should be mere machines, but willing instruments in His hands in making His election of us “secure.” The ensuring of our election is spoken of not in respect to God, whose counsel is steadfast and everlasting, but in respect to our part. There is no uncertainty on His part, but on ours the only security is our faith in His promise and the fruits of the Spirit (2 Peter 1:5-7, 2 Peter 1:11). Peter subjoins election to calling, because the calling is the effect and proof of God’s election, which goes before and is the main thing (Romans 8:28, Romans 8:30, Romans 8:33, where God’s “elect” are those “predestinated,” and election is “His purpose,according to which He “called” them). We know His calling before His election, thereby calling is put first.

_ _ fallGreek, “stumble” and fall finally (Romans 11:11). Metaphor from one stumbling in a race (1 Corinthians 9:24).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Peter 1:5-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Peter 1:10

Wherefore — Considering the miserable state of these apostates. Brethren — St. Peter nowhere uses this appellation in either of his epistles, but in this important exhortation. Be the more diligent — By courage, knowledge, temperance, &c. To make your calling and election firm — God hath called you by his word and his Spirit; he hath elected you, separated you from the world, through sanctification of the Spirit. O cast not away these inestimable benefits! If ye are thus diligent to make your election firm, ye shall never finally fall.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Peter 1:10

(8) Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall:

(8) The conclusion: Therefore seeing our calling and election is approved by those fruits, and is confirmed in us, and moreover seeing this is the only way to the everlasting kingdom of Christ, it remains that we set our minds wholly on that way.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
give:

2 Peter 1:5 And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge;
2 Peter 3:17 Ye therefore, beloved, seeing ye know [these things] before, beware lest ye also, being led away with the error of the wicked, fall from your own stedfastness.

to make:

2 Timothy 2:19 Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity.
Hebrews 6:11 And we desire that every one of you do shew the same diligence to the full assurance of hope unto the end:
Hebrews 6:19 Which [hope] we have as an anchor of the soul, both sure and stedfast, and which entereth into that within the veil;
1 John 3:19-21 And hereby we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts before him. ... Beloved, if our heart condemn us not, [then] have we confidence toward God.

election:

Romans 8:28-31 And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to [his] purpose. ... What shall we then say to these things? If God [be] for us, who [can be] against us?
1 Thessalonians 1:3-4 Remembering without ceasing your work of faith, and labour of love, and patience of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ, in the sight of God and our Father; ... Knowing, brethren beloved, your election of God.
2 Thessalonians 2:13-14 But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth: ... Whereunto he called you by our gospel, to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.
1 Peter 1:2 Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.

if:

Psalms 15:5 [He that] putteth not out his money to usury, nor taketh reward against the innocent. He that doeth these [things] shall never be moved.
Isaiah 56:2 Blessed [is] the man [that] doeth this, and the son of man [that] layeth hold on it; that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and keepeth his hand from doing any evil.
Matthew 7:24-25 Therefore whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man, which built his house upon a rock: ... And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell not: for it was founded upon a rock.
Luke 6:47-49 Whosoever cometh to me, and heareth my sayings, and doeth them, I will shew you to whom he is like: ... But he that heareth, and doeth not, is like a man that without a foundation built an house upon the earth; against which the stream did beat vehemently, and immediately it fell; and the ruin of that house was great.
1 John 3:19 And hereby we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts before him.
Revelation 22:14 Blessed [are] they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city.

never:

2 Peter 3:17 Ye therefore, beloved, seeing ye know [these things] before, beware lest ye also, being led away with the error of the wicked, fall from your own stedfastness.
Psalms 37:24 Though he fall, he shall not be utterly cast down: for the LORD upholdeth [him with] his hand.
Psalms 62:2 He only [is] my rock and my salvation; [he is] my defence; I shall not be greatly moved.
Psalms 62:6 He only [is] my rock and my salvation: [he is] my defence; I shall not be moved.
Psalms 112:6 Surely he shall not be moved for ever: the righteous shall be in everlasting remembrance.
Psalms 121:3 He will not suffer thy foot to be moved: he that keepeth thee will not slumber.
Micah 7:8 Rejoice not against me, O mine enemy: when I fall, I shall arise; when I sit in darkness, the LORD [shall be] a light unto me.
Acts 20:24-25 But none of these things move me, neither count I my life dear unto myself, so that I might finish my course with joy, and the ministry, which I have received of the Lord Jesus, to testify the gospel of the grace of God. ... And now, behold, I know that ye all, among whom I have gone preaching the kingdom of God, shall see my face no more.
1 Peter 1:5 Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.
Revelation 3:10-11 Because thou hast kept the word of my patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth. ... Behold, I come quickly: hold that fast which thou hast, that no man take thy crown.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 15:5; 37:24; 62:2, 6; 112:6; 121:3. Is 56:2. Mi 7:8. Mt 7:24. Lk 6:47. Ac 20:24. Ro 8:28. 1Th 1:3. 2Th 2:13. 2Ti 2:19. He 6:11, 19. 1P 1:2, 5. 2P 1:5; 3:17. 1Jn 3:19. Rv 3:10; 22:14.

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