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2 Kings 3:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now Mesha king of Moab was a sheep-master; and he rendered unto the king of Israel the wool of a hundred thousand lambs, and of a hundred thousand rams.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Mesha king of Moab was a sheepmaster, and rendered unto the king of Israel an hundred thousand lambs, and an hundred thousand rams, with the wool.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now Mesha king of Moab was a sheep breeder, and used to pay the king of Israel 100,000 lambs and the wool of 100,000 rams.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Mesha king of Moab was a sheep-master, and rendered to the king of Israel a hundred thousand lambs, and a hundred thousand rams, with the wool.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Mesha king of Moab was a sheepmaster, and rendered to the king of Israel a hundred thousand lambs and a hundred thousand rams, with the wool.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, Mesha king of Moab, was a sheep-master,—and used to render to the king of Israel, the wool of hundred thousand fat sheep, and of a hundred thousand rams.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Mesha king of Moab was a sheep-master, and he rendered to the king of Israel a hundred thousand lambs, and a hundred thousand rams, [with] wool,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now Mesa, king of Moab, nourished many sheep, and he paid to the king of Israel a hundred thousand lambs, and a hundred thousand rams, with their fleeces.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Mesha king of Moab was a sheepe-master, and rendred vnto the king of Israel an hundred thousand lambes, and an hundred thousand rammes, with the wooll.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Mosa king of Moab was a sheep-master, and he rendered to the king of Israel in the beginning [of the year], a hundred thousand lambs, and a hundred thousand rams, with the wool.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Mesha king of Moav was a sheepmaster, and rendered unto the king of Yisrael an hundred thousand lambs, and an hundred thousand rams, with the wool.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Ma` מֵישַׁע 4338
{4338} Prime
מֵישַׁע
Meysha`
{may-shaw'}
A variation for H4337; safety; Mesha, a Moabite.
king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Mv מוֹאָב 4124
{4124} Prime
מוֹאָב
Mow'ab
{mo-awb'}
From a prolonged form of the prepositional prefix 'm-' and H0001; from (her (the mother's)) father; Moab, an incestuous son of Lot; also his territory and descendants.
was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
a sheepmaster, 5349
{5349} Prime
נוֹקֵד
noqed
{no-kade'}
Active participle from the same as H5348; a spotter (of sheep or cattle), that is, the owner or tender (who thus marks them).
and rendered 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
unto the king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
an hundred 3967
{3967} Prime
מֵאָה
me'ah
{may-aw'}
Probably a primitive numeral; a hundred; also as a multiplicative and a fraction.
thousand 505
{0505} Prime
אֶלֶף
'eleph
{eh'-lef}
Properly the same as H0504; hence (an ox's head being the first letter of the alphabet, and this eventually used as a numeral) a thousand.
lambs, 3733
{3733} Prime
כַּר
kar
{kar}
From H3769 in the sense of plumpness; a ram (as full grown and fat), including a battering ram (as butting); hence a meadow (as for sheep); also a pad or camel's saddle (as puffed out).
and an hundred 3967
{3967} Prime
מֵאָה
me'ah
{may-aw'}
Probably a primitive numeral; a hundred; also as a multiplicative and a fraction.
thousand 505
{0505} Prime
אֶלֶף
'eleph
{eh'-lef}
Properly the same as H0504; hence (an ox's head being the first letter of the alphabet, and this eventually used as a numeral) a thousand.
rams, 352
{0352} Prime
אַיִל
'ayil
{ah'-yil}
From the same as H0193; properly strength; hence anything strong; specifically a chief (politically); also a ram (from his strength); a pilaster (as a strong support); an oak or other strong tree.
with the wool. 6785
{6785} Prime
צֶמֶר
tsemer
{tseh'-mer}
From an unused root probably meaning to be shaggy; wool.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Kings 3:4-6

_ _ 2 Kings 3:4, 2 Kings 3:5. Mesha, king of Moab, rebels.

_ _ Mesha king of Moab, etc. — As his dominions embraced an extensive pasture country, he paid, as annual tribute, the wool of a hundred thousand lambs and a hundred thousand rams. It is still common in the East to pay custom and taxes in the fruits or natural produce of the land.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Kings 3:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Kings 3:4

A sheep — master — A man of great wealth (which in those times and places consisted much in cattle) which enabled and emboldened him to rebel against his sovereign.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Kings 3:4

And (c) Mesha king of Moab was a sheepmaster, and rendered unto the king of Israel an hundred thousand lambs, and an hundred thousand rams, with the wool.

(c) This was done after David had made the Moabites tributaries to his successors.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a sheepmaster:

Genesis 13:2 And Abram [was] very rich in cattle, in silver, and in gold.
Genesis 26:13-14 And the man waxed great, and went forward, and grew until he became very great: ... For he had possession of flocks, and possession of herds, and great store of servants: and the Philistines envied him.
2 Chronicles 26:10 Also he built towers in the desert, and digged many wells: for he had much cattle, both in the low country, and in the plains: husbandmen [also], and vine dressers in the mountains, and in Carmel: for he loved husbandry.
Job 1:3 His substance also was seven thousand sheep, and three thousand camels, and five hundred yoke of oxen, and five hundred she asses, and a very great household; so that this man was the greatest of all the men of the east.
Job 42:12 So the LORD blessed the latter end of Job more than his beginning: for he had fourteen thousand sheep, and six thousand camels, and a thousand yoke of oxen, and a thousand she asses.

rendered:

2 Samuel 8:2 And he smote Moab, and measured them with a line, casting them down to the ground; even with two lines measured he to put to death, and with one full line to keep alive. And [so] the Moabites became David's servants, [and] brought gifts.
1 Chronicles 18:2 And he smote Moab; and the Moabites became David's servants, [and] brought gifts.
Psalms 60:8 Moab [is] my washpot; over Edom will I cast out my shoe: Philistia, triumph thou because of me.
Psalms 108:9-10 Moab [is] my washpot; over Edom will I cast out my shoe; over Philistia will I triumph. ... Who will bring me into the strong city? who will lead me into Edom?

lambs:

Isaiah 16:1 Send ye the lamb to the ruler of the land from Sela to the wilderness, unto the mount of the daughter of Zion.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 13:2; 26:13. 2S 8:2. 1Ch 18:2. 2Ch 26:10. Jb 1:3; 42:12. Ps 60:8; 108:9. Is 16:1.

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