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2 Kings 19:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— By thy messengers thou hast defied the Lord, and hast said, With the multitude of my chariots am I come up to the height of the mountains, to the innermost parts of Lebanon; and I will cut down the tall cedars thereof, and the choice fir-trees thereof; and I will enter into his farthest lodging-place, the forest of his fruitful field.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— By thy messengers thou hast reproached the Lord, and hast said, With the multitude of my chariots I am come up to the height of the mountains, to the sides of Lebanon, and will cut down the tall cedar trees thereof, [and] the choice fir trees thereof: and I will enter into the lodgings of his borders, [and into] the forest of his Carmel.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘Through your messengers you have reproached the Lord, And you have said, “With my many chariots I came up to the heights of the mountains, To the remotest parts of Lebanon; And I cut down its tall cedars [and] its choice cypresses. And I entered its farthest lodging place, its thickest forest.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— By thy messengers thou hast reproached the Lord, and hast said, With the multitude of my chariots I am come up to the hight of the mountains, to the sides of Lebanon, and will cut down its tall cedar trees, [and] its choice fir trees: and I will enter into the lodgings of his borders, [and into] the forest of his Carmel.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— By thy messengers thou hast reproached the Lord, and hast said, With the multitude of my chariots have I come up To the height of the mountain, to the recesses of Lebanon, And I will cut down its tall cedars, the choice of its cypresses; And I will enter into its furthest lodging-place, [into] the forest of its fruitful field.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Through thy messengers, thou hast reproached My Lord, and hast said—With my multitude of chariots, have I ascended the height of the mountains, the recesses of Lebanon,—and have cut down its tallest cedars, its choicest firs, and have entered the shelter of its summit, its thick garden forests.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— By the hand of thy messengers Thou hast reproached the Lord, and sayest: In the multitude of my chariots I have come up to a high place of mountains—The sides of Lebanon, And I cut down the height of its cedars, The choice of its firs, And I enter the lodging of its extremity, The forest of its Carmel.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— By the hand of thy servants thou hast reproached the Lord, and hast said: With the multitude of my chariots I have gone up to the height of the mountains, to the top of Libanus, and have cut down its tall cedars, and its choice fir trees. And I have entered into the furthest parts thereof, and the forest of its Carmel.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— By thy messengers thou hast reproched the Lord, and hast said, With the multitude of my charets, I am come vp to the height of the mountaines, to the sides of Lebanon, and will cut downe the tall cedar trees thereof, [and] the choice firre trees thereof: and I will enter into the lodgings of his borders, [and into] the forrest of his Carmel.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— by thy messengers thou has reproached the Lord, and hast said, I will go up with the multitude of my chariots, to the height of the mountains, to the sides of Lebanon{gr.Libanus}, and I have cut down the height of his cedar, [and] his choice cypresses; and I have come into the midst of the forest and of Carmel.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— By thy messengers thou hast reproached Yahweh, and hast said, With the multitude of my chariots I am come up to the height of the mountains, to the sides of Levanon, and will cut down the tall cedar trees thereof, [and] the choice fir trees thereof: and I will enter into the lodgings of his borders, [and into] the forest of his Karmel.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
By 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
thy messengers 4397
{4397} Prime
מַלְאָךְ
mal'ak
{mal-awk'}
From an unused root meaning to despatch as a deputy; a messenger; specifically of God, that is, an angel (also a prophet, priest or teacher).
thou hast reproached 2778
{2778} Prime
חָרַף
charaph.
{khaw-raf'}
A primitive root; to pull off, that is, (by implication) to expose (as by stripping); specifically to betroth (as if a surrender); figuratively to carp at, that is, defame; denominatively (from H2779) to spend the winter.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
Yhw יָהוֶה, 136
{0136} Prime
אֲדֹנָי
'Adonay
{ad-o-noy'}
An emphatic form of H0113; the Lord (used as a proper name of God only).
and hast said, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
With the multitude 7230
{7230} Prime
רֹב
rob
{robe}
From H7231; abundance (in any respect).
of my chariots 7393
{7393} Prime
רֶכֶב
rekeb
{reh'-keb}
From H7392; a vehicle; by implication a team; by extension cavalry; by analogy a rider, that is, the upper millstone.
z8675
<8675> Grammar
Kethiv Reading

Where the translators of the Authorised Version followed the qere reading rather than the kethiv.
I x589
(0589) Complement
אֲנִי
'aniy
{an-ee'}
Contracted from H0595; I.
am come up 5927
{5927} Prime
עָלָה
`alah
{aw-law'}
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
to the height 4791
{4791} Prime
מָרוֹם
marowm
{maw-rome'}
From H7311; altitude, that is, concretely (an elevated place), abstractly (elevation), fig (elation), or adverbial (aloft).
of the mountains, 2022
{2022} Prime
הַר
har
{har}
A shortened form of H2042; a mountain or range of hills (sometimes used figuratively).
to the sides 3411
{3411} Prime
יַרְכָה
y@rekah
{yer-ay-kaw'}
Feminine of H3409; properly the flank; but used only figuratively, the rear or recess.
of Lvnn לְבָנוֹן, 3844
{3844} Prime
לְבָנוֹן
L@banown
{leb-aw-nohn'}
From H3825; (the) white mountain (from its snow); Lebanon, a mountain range in Palestine.
and will cut down 3772
{3772} Prime
כָּרַת
karath
{kaw-rath'}
A primitive root; to cut (off, down or asunder); by implication to destroy or consume; specifically to covenant (that is, make an alliance or bargain, originally by cutting flesh and passing between the pieces).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the tall 6967
{6967} Prime
קוֹמָה
qowmah
{ko-maw'}
From H6965; height.
cedar trees 730
{0730} Prime
אֶרֶז
'erez
{eh-rez'}
From H0729; a cedar tree (from the tenacity of its roots).
thereof, [and] the choice 4004
{4004} Prime
מִבְחוֹר
mibchowr
{mib-khore'}
From H0977; select, that is, well fortified.
fir trees 1265
{1265} Prime
בְּרוֹשׁ
b@rowsh
{ber-osh'}
Of uncertain derivation; a cypress tree (perhaps); hence a lance or a musical instrument (as made of that wood).
thereof: and I will enter 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
into the lodgings 4411
{4411} Prime
מָלוֹן
malown
{maw-lone'}
From H3885; a lodgment, that is, caravanserai or encampment.
of his borders, 7093
{7093} Prime
קֵץ
qets
{kates}
Contracted from H7112; an extremity; adverbially (with prepositional prefix) after.
[and into] the forest 3293
{3293} Prime
יָעַר
ya`ar
{yah'-ar}
From an unused root probably meaning to thicken with verdure; a copse of bushes; hence a forest; hence honey in the comb (as hived in trees).
of his Carmel כַּרמֶל. 3760
{3760} Prime
כַּרְמֶל
Karmel
{kar-mel'}
The same as H3759; Karmel, the name of a hill and of a town in Palestine.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Kings 19:20-34.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Kings 19:23

Mountains — I have brought up my very chariots to those mountains which were thought inaccessible by my army. Lebanon — An high hill, famous for cedars and fir — trees. Cut down — I will cut down the trees that hinder my march, and plane the way for my numerous army and chariots. Lodgings — Those cities (which he calls lodgings in way of contempt) which are in his utmost borders. I am come into the land of Canaan at one border, Lebanon, and I resolve to march on to the other border, and so destroy the whole country, from one border to the other. Carmel — The forest of mount Carmel, which may seem to be another inaccessible place, like Lebanon.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Kings 19:23

By thy messengers thou hast reproached the Lord, and hast said, With the multitude of my chariots I am come up to the height of the mountains, to the sides of Lebanon, and will cut down the tall cedar trees thereof, [and] the choice fir trees thereof: and I will enter into the (p) lodgings of his borders, [and into] the forest of his Carmel.

(p) Meaning Jerusalem, which Isaiah calls the height of his borders, that is, of Judah, (Isaiah 37:24).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
By:
Heb. By the hand of

messengers:

2 Kings 18:17 And the king of Assyria sent Tartan and Rabsaris and Rabshakeh from Lachish to king Hezekiah with a great host against Jerusalem. And they went up and came to Jerusalem. And when they were come up, they came and stood by the conduit of the upper pool, which [is] in the highway of the fuller's field.
2 Chronicles 32:17 He wrote also letters to rail on the LORD God of Israel, and to speak against him, saying, As the gods of the nations of [other] lands have not delivered their people out of mine hand, so shall not the God of Hezekiah deliver his people out of mine hand.

With the multitude:

2 Kings 18:23 Now therefore, I pray thee, give pledges to my lord the king of Assyria, and I will deliver thee two thousand horses, if thou be able on thy part to set riders upon them.
2 Kings 18:33-34 Hath any of the gods of the nations delivered at all his land out of the hand of the king of Assyria? ... Where [are] the gods of Hamath, and of Arpad? where [are] the gods of Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivah? have they delivered Samaria out of mine hand?
Psalms 20:7 Some [trust] in chariots, and some in horses: but we will remember the name of the LORD our God.
Isaiah 10:7-11 Howbeit he meaneth not so, neither doth his heart think so; but [it is] in his heart to destroy and cut off nations not a few. ... Shall I not, as I have done unto Samaria and her idols, so do to Jerusalem and her idols?
Isaiah 10:14 And my hand hath found as a nest the riches of the people: and as one gathereth eggs [that are] left, have I gathered all the earth; and there was none that moved the wing, or opened the mouth, or peeped.
Isaiah 37:24-25 By thy servants hast thou reproached the Lord, and hast said, By the multitude of my chariots am I come up to the height of the mountains, to the sides of Lebanon; and I will cut down the tall cedars thereof, [and] the choice fir trees thereof: and I will enter into the height of his border, [and] the forest of his Carmel. ... I have digged, and drunk water; and with the sole of my feet have I dried up all the rivers of the besieged places.
Ezekiel 31:3-18 Behold, the Assyrian [was] a cedar in Lebanon with fair branches, and with a shadowing shroud, and of an high stature; and his top was among the thick boughs. ... To whom art thou thus like in glory and in greatness among the trees of Eden? yet shalt thou be brought down with the trees of Eden unto the nether parts of the earth: thou shalt lie in the midst of the uncircumcised with [them that be] slain by the sword. This [is] Pharaoh and all his multitude, saith the Lord GOD.

tall cedar trees thereof:
Heb. tallness of the cedar-trees thereof. the forest of his Carmel. or, the forest, and his fruitful field.
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2K 18:17, 23, 33. 2Ch 32:17. Ps 20:7. Is 10:7, 14; 37:24. Ezk 31:3.

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