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2 Kings 16:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And when the king was come from Damascus, the king saw the altar: and the king drew near unto the altar, and offered thereon.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And when the king was come from Damascus, the king saw the altar: and the king approached to the altar, and offered thereon.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— When the king came from Damascus, the king saw the altar; then the king approached the altar and went up to it,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And when the king had come from Damascus, the king saw the altar: and the king approached to the altar, and offered on it.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And when the king came from Damascus, the king saw the altar; and the king approached to the altar, and offered upon it.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, when the king came from Damascus, then the king saw the altar,—so the king drew near unto the altar, and caused offerings to ascend thereupon.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the king cometh in from Damascus, and the king seeth the altar, and the king draweth near on the altar, and offereth on it,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when the king was come from Damascus, he saw the altar and worshipped it: and went up and offered holocausts, and his own sacrifice;
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when the king was come from Damascus, the King saw the altar: and the King approched to the altar, and offered thereon.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the king saw the altar, and went up to it,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And when the king was come from Dammaseq, the king saw the altar: and the king approached to the altar, and offered thereon.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And when the king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
was come 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
from Dammä$ek דַּמָּשֶׂק, 1834
{1834} Prime
דַּמֶּשֶׂק
Dammeseq
{dam-meh'-sek}
Of foreign origin; Damascus, a city of Syria.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
saw 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the altar: 4196
{4196} Prime
מִזְבֵּחַ
mizbeach
{miz-bay'-akh}
From H2076; an altar.
and the king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
approached 7126
{7126} Prime
קָרַב
qarab
{kaw-rab'}
A primitive root; to approach (causatively bring near) for whatever purpose.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the altar, 4196
{4196} Prime
מִזְבֵּחַ
mizbeach
{miz-bay'-akh}
From H2076; an altar.
and offered 5927
{5927} Prime
עָלָה
`alah
{aw-law'}
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
thereon. x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 2 Kings 16:10-16.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Kings 16:10-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Kings 16:12

Offered — A sacrifice, and that not to God, but to the Syrian idols, to whom that altar was appropriated.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Kings 16:12

And when the king was come from Damascus, the king saw the altar: and the king approached to the altar, and offered (h) thereon.

(h) Either offerings for peace or prosperity, or thanksgiving as in (Leviticus 3:1) or else meaning the morning and evening offering, (Exodus 29:38; Numbers 28:3) and thus he contemned the means and the altar which God had commanded by Solomon, to serve God after his own fantasy.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
approached:

1 Kings 13:1 And, behold, there came a man of God out of Judah by the word of the LORD unto Bethel: and Jeroboam stood by the altar to burn incense.
2 Chronicles 26:16-19 But when he was strong, his heart was lifted up to [his] destruction: for he transgressed against the LORD his God, and went into the temple of the LORD to burn incense upon the altar of incense. ... Then Uzziah was wroth, and [had] a censer in his hand to burn incense: and while he was wroth with the priests, the leprosy even rose up in his forehead before the priests in the house of the LORD, from beside the incense altar.
2 Chronicles 28:23 For he sacrificed unto the gods of Damascus, which smote him: and he said, Because the gods of the kings of Syria help them, [therefore] will I sacrifice to them, that they may help me. But they were the ruin of him, and of all Israel.
2 Chronicles 28:25 And in every several city of Judah he made high places to burn incense unto other gods, and provoked to anger the LORD God of his fathers.

offered thereon:

Numbers 18:4-7 And they shall be joined unto thee, and keep the charge of the tabernacle of the congregation, for all the service of the tabernacle: and a stranger shall not come nigh unto you. ... Therefore thou and thy sons with thee shall keep your priest's office for every thing of the altar, and within the vail; and ye shall serve: I have given your priest's office [unto you] as a service of gift: and the stranger that cometh nigh shall be put to death.
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Nu 18:4. 1K 13:1. 2Ch 26:16; 28:23, 25.

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