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2 Kings 15:30 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Hoshea the son of Elah made a conspiracy against Pekah the son of Remaliah, and smote him, and slew him, and reigned in his stead, in the twentieth year of Jotham the son of Uzziah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Hoshea the son of Elah made a conspiracy against Pekah the son of Remaliah, and smote him, and slew him, and reigned in his stead, in the twentieth year of Jotham the son of Uzziah.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And Hoshea the son of Elah made a conspiracy against Pekah the son of Remaliah, and struck him and put him to death and became king in his place, in the twentieth year of Jotham the son of Uzziah.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Hoshea the son of Elah made a conspiracy against Pekah the son of Remaliah, and smote him, and slew him, and reigned in his stead, in the twentieth year of Jotham the son of Uzziah.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Hoshea the son of Elah made a conspiracy against Pekah the son of Remaliah, and smote him and slew him; and he reigned in his stead, in the twentieth year of Jotham the son of Uzziah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Hoshea son of Elah made a conspiracy against Pekah, son of Remaliah, and smote him, and slew him, and reigned in his stead,—in the twentieth year of Jotham, son of Uzziah.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And make a conspiracy doth Hoshea son of Elah against Pekah son of Remaliah, and smiteth him, and putteth him to death, and reigneth in his stead, in the twentieth year of Jotham son of Uzziah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now Osee, son of Ela, conspired, and formed a plot against Phacee, the son of Romelia, and struck him, and slew him: and reigned in his stead in the twentieth year of Joatham, the son of Ozias.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Hoshea the sonne of Elah, made a conspiracie against Pekah the sonne of Remaliah, and smote him, and slew him, and reigned in his stead, in the twentieth yeere of Iotham the sonne of Uzziah.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Hosea{gr.Osee} son of Elah{gr.Ela} formed a conspiracy against Pekah{gr.Phakee} the son of Remaliah{gr.Romelias}, and smote him, and slew him, and reigned in his stead, in the twentieth year of Jotham{gr.Joatham} the son of Azariah{gr.Azarias}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Hoshea the son of Elah made a conspiracy against Peqach the son of Remalyah, and smote him, and slew him, and reigned in his stead, in the twentieth year of Yotham the son of Uzziyyah.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And H` הוֹשֵׁעַ 1954
{1954} Prime
הוֹשֵׁעַ
Howshea`
{ho-shay'-ah}
From H3467; deliverer; Hoshea, the name of five Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of l אֵלָה 425
{0425} Prime
אֵלָה
'Elah
{ay-law'}
The same as H0424; Elah, the name of an Edomite, or four Israelites, and also of a place in Palestine.
made 7194
{7194} Prime
קָשַׁר
qashar
{kaw-shar'}
A primitive root; to tie, physically (gird, confine, compact) or mentally (in love, league).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
a conspiracy 7195
{7195} Prime
קֶשֶׁר
qesher
{keh'-sher}
From H7194; an (unlawful) alliance.
against x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
Peka פֶּקַח 6492
{6492} Prime
פֶּקַח
Peqach
{peh'-kakh}
From H6491; watch; Pekach, an Israelite king.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Rmaly רְמַליָה, 7425
{7425} Prime
רְמַלְיָהוּ
R@malyahuw
{rem-al-yaw'-hoo}
From an unused root and H3050 (perhaps meaning to deck); Jah has bedecked; Remaljah, an Israelite.
and smote 5221
{5221} Prime
נָכָה
nakah
{naw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to strike (lightly or severely, literally or figuratively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
him, and slew 4191
{4191} Prime
מָמוֹת
muwth
{mooth}
A primitive root; to die (literally or figuratively); causatively to kill.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
him, and reigned 4427
{4427} Prime
מָלַךְ
malak
{maw-lak'}
A primitive root; to reign; inceptively to ascend the throne; causatively to induct into royalty; hence (by implication) to take counsel.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in his stead, x8478
(8478) Complement
תַּחַת
tachath
{takh'-ath}
From the same as H8430; the bottom (as depressed); only adverbially below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc.
in the twentieth 6242
{6242} Prime
עֶשְׂרִים
`esriym
{es-reem'}
From H6235; twenty; also (ordinal) twentieth.
year 8141
{8141} Prime
שָׁנֵה
shaneh
{shaw-neh'}
(The first form being in plural only, the second form being feminine); from H8138; a year (as a revolution of time).
of Ym יוֹתָם 3147
{3147} Prime
יוֹתָם
Yowtham
{yo-thawm'}
From H3068 and H8535; Jehovah (is) perfect; Jotham, the name of three Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of `Uzziyy עֻזִּיָּה. 5818
{5818} Prime
עֻזִּיָּה
`Uzziyah
{ooz-zee-yaw'}
From H5797 and H3050; strength of Jah; Uzzijah, the name of five Israelites.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Kings 15:30

_ _ Hoshea the son of Elah made a conspiracy ... and slew him — He did not, however, obtain possession of the kingdom till about nine or ten years after the perpetration of this crime [Hales].

_ _ in the twentieth year of Jotham — Jotham’s reign lasted only sixteen years, but the meaning is that the reign of Hoshea began in the twentieth after the beginning of Jotham’s reign. The sacred historian, having not yet introduced the name of Ahaz, reckoned the date by Jotham, whom he had already mentioned (see 2 Chronicles 27:8).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Kings 15:8-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Kings 15:30

Twentieth year — The meaning is, that he began his reign in the twentieth year after the beginning of Jotham's reign; or, which is the same thing, in the fourth year of Ahaz, son of Jotham.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
am 3265, bc 739

made:

2 Kings 15:10 And Shallum the son of Jabesh conspired against him, and smote him before the people, and slew him, and reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 15:25 But Pekah the son of Remaliah, a captain of his, conspired against him, and smote him in Samaria, in the palace of the king's house, with Argob and Arieh, and with him fifty men of the Gileadites: and he killed him, and reigned in his room.

and smote:

Hosea 10:3 For now they shall say, We have no king, because we feared not the LORD; what then should a king do to us?
Hosea 10:7 [As for] Samaria, her king is cut off as the foam upon the water.
Hosea 10:15 So shall Bethel do unto you because of your great wickedness: in a morning shall the king of Israel utterly be cut off.

reigned:
"After an anarchy for some years."

in the twentieth:
"In the fourth year of Ahaz, in the twentieth year after Jotham had begun to reign." - Usher.
2 Kings 15:32-33 In the second year of Pekah the son of Remaliah king of Israel began Jotham the son of Uzziah king of Judah to reign. ... Five and twenty years old was he when he began to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name [was] Jerusha, the daughter of Zadok.
2 Kings 16:1 In the seventeenth year of Pekah the son of Remaliah Ahaz the son of Jotham king of Judah began to reign.
2 Kings 17:1 In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah began Hoshea the son of Elah to reign in Samaria over Israel nine years.
2 Chronicles 28:4-6 He sacrificed also and burnt incense in the high places, and on the hills, and under every green tree. ... For Pekah the son of Remaliah slew in Judah an hundred and twenty thousand in one day, [which were] all valiant men; because they had forsaken the LORD God of their fathers.
2 Chronicles 28:16 At that time did king Ahaz send unto the kings of Assyria to help him.
Isaiah 7:1-9 And it came to pass in the days of Ahaz the son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of Judah, [that] Rezin the king of Syria, and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, went up toward Jerusalem to war against it, but could not prevail against it. ... And the head of Ephraim [is] Samaria, and the head of Samaria [is] Remaliah's son. If ye will not believe, surely ye shall not be established.
Isaiah 8:6 Forasmuch as this people refuseth the waters of Shiloah that go softly, and rejoice in Rezin and Remaliah's son;
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2K 15:10, 25, 32; 16:1; 17:1. 2Ch 28:4, 16. Is 7:1; 8:6. Ho 10:3, 7, 15.

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