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2 Kings 11:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But Jehosheba, the daughter of king Joram, sister of Ahaziah, took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him away from among the king's sons that were slain, even him and his nurse, [and put them] in the bedchamber; and they hid him from Athaliah, so that he was not slain;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But Jehosheba, the daughter of king Joram, sister of Ahaziah, took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him from among the king's sons [which were] slain; and they hid him, [even] him and his nurse, in the bedchamber from Athaliah, so that he was not slain.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But Jehosheba, the daughter of King Joram, sister of Ahaziah, took Joash the son of Ahaziah and stole him from among the king’s sons who were being put to death, and placed him and his nurse in the bedroom. So they hid him from Athaliah, and he was not put to death.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But Jehosheba, the daughter of king Joram, sister of Ahaziah, took Joash the the son of Ahaziah, and stole him from among the king's sons [who were] slain; and they hid him, [even] him and his nurse, in the bed-chamber, from Athaliah, so that he was not slain.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But Jehosheba, the daughter of king Joram, the sister of Ahaziah, took Joash the son of Ahaziah and stole him from among the king's sons that were slain, [and hid] him and his nurse in the bedchamber; and they hid him from Athaliah, so that he was not slain.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But Jehosheba daughter of King Joram, sister of Ahaziah, took Joash son of Ahaziah, and stole him from among the king's sons that were being slain—him and his nurse, into the bedchamber,—so she hid him from the face of Athaliah, that he was not slain.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and Jehosheba daughter of king Joram, sister of Ahaziah, taketh Joash son of Ahaziah, and stealeth him out of the midst of the sons of the king who are put to death, him and his nurse, in the inner part of the bed-chambers, and they hide him from the presence of Athaliah, and he hath not been put to death,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But Josaba the daughter of king Joram, sister of Ochozias, took Joas, the son of Ochozias, and stole him from among the king's sons that were slain, out of the bedchamber with his nurse: and hid him from the face of Athalia; so that he was not slain.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But Iehosheba the daughter of king Ioram, sister of Ahaziah, tooke Ioash the sonne of Ahaziah, and stale him from among the Kings sonnes which were slaine; and they hid him, [euen] him and his nurse in the bed-chamber from Athaliah, so that he was not slaine.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Josabee daughter of king Joram, sister of Ahaziah{gr.Ochozias}, took Joash{gr.Joas} the son of her brother, and stole him from among the king's sons that were put to death, [secreting] him and his nurse in the bedchamber, and hid him from the face of Athaliah{gr.Gotholia}, and he was not slain.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But Yehosheva, the daughter of king Yoram, sister of Achazyah, took Yoash the son of Achazyah, and stole him from among the king's sons [which were] slain; and they hid him, [even] him and his nurse, in the bedchamber from Athalyah, so that he was not slain.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But Yheva` יְהוֹשֶׁבַע, 3089
{3089} Prime
יְהוֹשֶׁבַע
Y@howsheba`
{yeh-ho-sheh'-bah}
From H3068 and H7650; Jehovah-sworn; Jehosheba, an Israelitess.
the daughter 1323
{1323} Prime
בַּת
bath
{bath}
From H1129 (as feminine of H1121); a daughter (used in the same wide sense as other terms of relationship, literally and figuratively).
of king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
Yrm יוֹרָם, 3141
{3141} Prime
יוֹרָם
Yowram
{yo-rawm'}
A form of H3088; Joram, the name of three Israelites and one Syrian.
sister 269
{0269} Prime
אָחוֹת
'achowth
{aw-khoth'}
Irregular feminine of H0251; a sister (used very widely (like H0250), literally and figuratively).
of azy אֲחַזיָה, 274
{0274} Prime
אֲחַזְיָהוּ
'Achazyah
{akh-az-yaw'}
From H0270 and H3050; Jah has seized; Achazjah, the name of a Jewish and an Israelitish king.
took 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Y יוֹאָשׁ 3101
{3101} Prime
יוֹאָשׁ
Yow'ash
{yo-awsh'}
A form of H3060; Joash, the name of six Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of azy אֲחַזיָה, 274
{0274} Prime
אֲחַזְיָהוּ
'Achazyah
{akh-az-yaw'}
From H0270 and H3050; Jah has seized; Achazjah, the name of a Jewish and an Israelitish king.
and stole 1589
{1589} Prime
גָּנַב
ganab
{gaw-nab'}
A primitive root; to thieve (literally or figuratively); by implication to deceive.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
him from among 8432
{8432} Prime
תָּוֶךְ
tavek
{taw'-vek}
From an unused root meaning to sever; a bisection, that is, (by implication) the centre.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the king's 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
[which were] slain; 4191
{4191} Prime
מָמוֹת
muwth
{mooth}
A primitive root; to die (literally or figuratively); causatively to kill.
z8716
<8716> Grammar
Stem - Hophal (See H8825)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 113
and they hid 5641
{5641} Prime
סָתַר
cathar
{saw-thar'}
A primitive root; to hide (by covering), literally or figuratively.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
him, [even] him and his nurse, 3243
{3243} Prime
ינק
yanaq
{yaw-nak'}
A primitive root; to suck; causatively to give milk.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
in the bedchamber 2315
{2315} Prime
חֶדֶר
cheder
{kheh'-der}
From H2314; an apartment (usually literally).
4296
{4296} Prime
מִטָּה
mittah
{mit-taw'}
From H5186; a bed (as extended) for sleeping or eating; by analogy a sofa, litter or bier.
from 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
`aly עֲתַליָה, 6271
{6271} Prime
עֲתַלְיָה
`Athalyah
{ath-al-yaw'}
From the same as H6270 and H3050; Jah has constrained; Athaljah, the name of an Israelitess and two Israelites.
so that he was not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
slain. 4191
{4191} Prime
מָמוֹת
muwth
{mooth}
A primitive root; to die (literally or figuratively); causatively to kill.
z8717
<8717> Grammar
Stem - Hophal (See H8825)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 123
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Kings 11:2

_ _ Jehosheba — or Jehoshabeath (2 Chronicles 22:11).

_ _ daughter of King Joram — not by Athaliah, but by a secondary wife.

_ _ stole him from among the king’s sons which were slain — either from among the corpses, he being considered dead, or out of the palace nursery.

_ _ hid him ... in the bedchamber — for the use of the priests, which was in some part of the temple (2 Kings 11:3), and of which Jehoiada and his wife had the sole charge. What is called, however, the bedchamber in the East is not the kind of apartment that we understand by the name, but a small closet, into which are flung during the day the mattresses and other bedding materials spread on the floors or divans of the sitting-rooms by day. Such a slumber-room was well suited to be a convenient place for the recovery of his wounds, and a hiding-place for the royal infant and his nurse.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Kings 11:1-3.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Kings 11:2

They hid — Jehosheba and her husband Jehoiada. Bed — chamber — Which was in the house of the Lord. So that it was one of those chambers adjoining to the temple, that were for the uses of the priests and Levites only: which made it more proper for this purpose. Now was the promise made to David bound up in one life. And yet it did not fail. Thus to the Son of David will God, according to his promise, secure a spiritual seed: which tho' sometimes reduced to a small number, brought very low, and seemingly lost, yet will be preserved to the end of time. It was a special providence that Joram tho' a king, a wicked king, married his daughter to Jehoiada, a priest, an holy priest. This some might think a disparagement to the royal family; but it saved the royal family from ruin. For Jehoiada's interest in the temple, gave her an opportunity to preserve the child: and her interest in the royal family, gave him an opportunity of setting him on the throne. See what blessings they lay up in store for their families who marry their children to those that are wise and good.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Kings 11:2

But Jehosheba, the daughter of king Joram, sister of Ahaziah, (b) took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him from among the king's sons [which were] slain; and they hid him, [even] him and his nurse, in (c) the bedchamber from Athaliah, so that he was not slain.

(b) The Lord promised to maintain the family of David, and not to quench the light of it, therefore he moved the heart of Jehosheba to preserve him.

(c) Where the priests slept.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Jehosheba:

2 Chronicles 22:11 But Jehoshabeath, the daughter of the king, took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him from among the king's sons that were slain, and put him and his nurse in a bedchamber. So Jehoshabeath, the daughter of king Jehoram, the wife of Jehoiada the priest, (for she was the sister of Ahaziah,) hid him from Athaliah, so that she slew him not.
, Jehoshabeath

Joram:

2 Kings 8:16 And in the fifth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel, Jehoshaphat [being] then king of Judah, Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah began to reign.
, Jehoram

Joash:

2 Kings 12:1-2 In the seventh year of Jehu Jehoash began to reign; and forty years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name [was] Zibiah of Beersheba. ... And Jehoash did [that which was] right in the sight of the LORD all his days wherein Jehoiada the priest instructed him.
, Jehoash

they hid him:

2 Kings 8:19 Yet the LORD would not destroy Judah for David his servant's sake, as he promised him to give him alway a light, [and] to his children.
Proverbs 21:30 [There is] no wisdom nor understanding nor counsel against the LORD.
Isaiah 7:6-7 Let us go up against Judah, and vex it, and let us make a breach therein for us, and set a king in the midst of it, [even] the son of Tabeal: ... Thus saith the Lord GOD, It shall not stand, neither shall it come to pass.
Isaiah 37:35 For I will defend this city to save it for mine own sake, and for my servant David's sake.
Isaiah 65:8-9 Thus saith the LORD, As the new wine is found in the cluster, and [one] saith, Destroy it not; for a blessing [is] in it: so will I do for my servants' sakes, that I may not destroy them all. ... And I will bring forth a seed out of Jacob, and out of Judah an inheritor of my mountains: and mine elect shall inherit it, and my servants shall dwell there.
Jeremiah 33:17 For thus saith the LORD; David shall never want a man to sit upon the throne of the house of Israel;
Jeremiah 33:21 [Then] may also my covenant be broken with David my servant, that he should not have a son to reign upon his throne; and with the Levites the priests, my ministers.
Jeremiah 33:26 Then will I cast away the seed of Jacob, and David my servant, [so] that I will not take [any] of his seed [to be] rulers over the seed of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob: for I will cause their captivity to return, and have mercy on them.

in the bedchamber:
Bachadar hammittoth, "in a chamber of beds;" which Sir J. Chardin thinks does not mean a room to sleep in, but a chamber used as a repository for beds; for, in the East, they sleep upon cotton mattresses, "of which they have several in great houses, against they should have occasion, and a room on purpose for them."
1 Kings 6:5-6 And against the wall of the house he built chambers round about, [against] the walls of the house round about, [both] of the temple and of the oracle: and he made chambers round about: ... The nethermost chamber [was] five cubits broad, and the middle [was] six cubits broad, and the third [was] seven cubits broad: for without [in the wall] of the house he made narrowed rests round about, that [the beams] should not be fastened in the walls of the house.
1 Kings 6:8 The door for the middle chamber [was] in the right side of the house: and they went up with winding stairs into the middle [chamber], and out of the middle into the third.
1 Kings 6:10 And [then] he built chambers against all the house, five cubits high: and they rested on the house [with] timber of cedar.
Jeremiah 35:2 Go unto the house of the Rechabites, and speak unto them, and bring them into the house of the LORD, into one of the chambers, and give them wine to drink.
Ezekiel 40:45 And he said unto me, This chamber, whose prospect [is] toward the south, [is] for the priests, the keepers of the charge of the house.
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1K 6:5, 8, 10. 2K 8:16, 19; 12:1. 2Ch 22:11. Pv 21:30. Is 7:6; 37:35; 65:8. Jr 33:17, 21, 26; 35:2. Ezk 40:45.

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