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2 Corinthians 9:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [Let] each man [do] according as he hath purposed in his heart: not grudgingly, or of necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Every man according as he purposeth in his heart, [so let him give]; not grudgingly, or of necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Each one [must do] just as he has purposed in his heart, not grudgingly or under compulsion, for God loves a cheerful giver.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Every man according as he purposeth in his heart, [so let him give]; not grudgingly, or by constraint: for God loveth a cheerful giver.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— each according as he is purposed in his heart; not grievingly, or of necessity; for God loves a cheerful giver.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Each one, according as he hath purposed in his heart, not sorrowfully, nor of necessity,—for, a cheerful giver, God, loveth.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— each one, according as he doth purpose in heart, not out of sorrow or out of necessity, for a cheerful giver doth God love,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Every one as he hath determined in his heart, not with sadness or of necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Euerie man according as he purposeth in his heart, [so let him giue]; not grudgingly, or of necessitie: for God loueth a cheerefull giuer.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Every man as he hath in his mind: not as of vexation or as of constraint; for a cheerful giver the Lord loveth.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Every man, according to his own views, not with sadness, not by constraint: for the Lord loveth a joyous giver.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Every man 1538
{1538} Prime
ἕκαστος
hekastos
{hek'-as-tos}
As if a superlative of ἕκας [[hekas]] (afar); each or every.
according as 2531
{2531} Prime
καθώς
kathos
{kath-oce'}
From G2596 and G5613; just (or inasmuch) as, that.
he purposeth 4255
{4255} Prime
προαιρέομαι
proaireomai
{pro-ahee-reh'-om-ahee}
From G4253 and G0138; to choose for oneself before another thing (prefer), that is, (by implication) to propose (intend).
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
in his heart, 2588
{2588} Prime
καρδία
kardia
{kar-dee'-ah}
Prolonged from a primary κάρ [[kar]] (Latin cor, 'heart'); the heart, that is, (figuratively) the thoughts or feelings (mind); also (by analogy) the middle.
[so let him give]; not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
grudgingly, 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
3077
{3077} Prime
λύπη
lupe
{loo'-pay}
Apparently a primary word; sadness.
or 2228
{2228} Prime

e
{ay}
A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.
of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
necessity: 318
{0318} Prime
ἀνάγκη
anagke
{an-ang-kay'}
From G0303 and the base of G0043; constraint (literally or figuratively); by implication distress.
for 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
loveth 25
{0025} Prime
ἀγαπάω
agapao
{ag-ap-ah'-o}
Perhaps from ἄγαν [[agan]] (much; or compare [H5689]); to love (in a social or moral sense).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
a cheerful 2431
{2431} Prime
ἱλαρός
hilaros
{hil-ar-os'}
From the same as G2436; propitious or merry ('hilarious'), that is, prompt or willing.
giver. 1395
{1395} Prime
δότης
dotes
{dot'-ace}
From the base of G1325; a giver.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Corinthians 9:7

_ _ according as he purposeth in his heart — Let the full consent of the free will go with the gift [Alford]. Opposed to “of necessity,” as “grudgingly” is opposed to “a cheerful giver” (Proverbs 22:9; Proverbs 11:25; Isaiah 32:8).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Corinthians 9:6-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Corinthians 9:7

Of necessity — Because he cannot tell how to refuse.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Corinthians 9:7

Every man according as he (c) purposeth in his heart, [so let him give]; not (d) grudgingly, or of (e) necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver.

(c) Determines and appoints freely with himself.

(d) With a sparing and grudging heart.

(e) Against his will, not wanting to have evil spoken of him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
not:

Deuteronomy 15:7-11 If there be among you a poor man of one of thy brethren within any of thy gates in thy land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, thou shalt not harden thine heart, nor shut thine hand from thy poor brother: ... For the poor shall never cease out of the land: therefore I command thee, saying, Thou shalt open thine hand wide unto thy brother, to thy poor, and to thy needy, in thy land.
Deuteronomy 15:14 Thou shalt furnish him liberally out of thy flock, and out of thy floor, and out of thy winepress: [of that] wherewith the LORD thy God hath blessed thee thou shalt give unto him.
Proverbs 23:6-8 Eat thou not the bread of [him that hath] an evil eye, neither desire thou his dainty meats: ... The morsel [which] thou hast eaten shalt thou vomit up, and lose thy sweet words.
Isaiah 32:5 The vile person shall be no more called liberal, nor the churl said [to be] bountiful.
Isaiah 32:8 But the liberal deviseth liberal things; and by liberal things shall he stand.
James 5:9 Grudge not one against another, brethren, lest ye be condemned: behold, the judge standeth before the door.
1 Peter 4:9 Use hospitality one to another without grudging.

God:

2 Corinthians 8:12 For if there be first a willing mind, [it is] accepted according to that a man hath, [and] not according to that he hath not.
Exodus 25:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, that they bring me an offering: of every man that giveth it willingly with his heart ye shall take my offering.
Exodus 35:5 Take ye from among you an offering unto the LORD: whosoever [is] of a willing heart, let him bring it, an offering of the LORD; gold, and silver, and brass,
1 Chronicles 29:17 I know also, my God, that thou triest the heart, and hast pleasure in uprightness. As for me, in the uprightness of mine heart I have willingly offered all these things: and now have I seen with joy thy people, which are present here, to offer willingly unto thee.
Proverbs 11:25 The liberal soul shall be made fat: and he that watereth shall be watered also himself.
Proverbs 22:9 He that hath a bountiful eye shall be blessed; for he giveth of his bread to the poor.
Acts 20:35 I have shewed you all things, how that so labouring ye ought to support the weak, and to remember the words of the Lord Jesus, how he said, It is more blessed to give than to receive.
Romans 12:8 Or he that exhorteth, on exhortation: he that giveth, [let him do it] with simplicity; he that ruleth, with diligence; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 25:2; 35:5. Dt 15:7, 14. 1Ch 29:17. Pv 11:25; 22:9; 23:6. Is 32:5, 8. Ac 20:35. Ro 12:8. 2Co 8:12. Jm 5:9. 1P 4:9.

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