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2 Corinthians 9:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But this [I say], He that soweth sparingly shall reap also sparingly; and he that soweth bountifully shall reap also bountifully.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But this [I say], He which soweth sparingly shall reap also sparingly; and he which soweth bountifully shall reap also bountifully.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now this [I say], he who sows sparingly will also reap sparingly, and he who sows bountifully will also reap bountifully.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But this [I say], He who soweth sparingly, shall reap also sparingly; and he who soweth bountifully, shall reap also bountifully.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But this [is true], he that sows sparingly shall reap also sparingly; and he that sows in [the spirit of] blessing shall reap also in blessing:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— As to this, however, he that soweth sparingly, sparingly, also shall reap, and, he that soweth with blessings, with blessings, also shall reap:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And this: He who is sowing sparingly, sparingly also shall reap; and he who is sowing in blessings, in blessings also shall reap;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now this I say: He who soweth sparingly shall also reap sparingly: and he who soweth in blessings shall also reap blessings.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But this [I say], Hee which soweth sparingly, shall reape sparingly: and he which soweth bountifully, shall reape bountifully.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But this [remember], He who soweth with scantiness, with scantiness also reapeth; and he who soweth with blessing, with blessing also shall reap.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And this [I say]: He that soweth sparingly, shall also reap sparingly; and he that soweth bountifully, shall also reap bountifully.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
this 5124
{5124} Prime
τοῦτο
touto
{too'-to}
Neuter, singular, nomitive or accusative of G3778; that thing.
[I say], He which soweth 4687
{4687} Prime
σπείρω
speiro
{spi'-ro}
Probably strengthened from G4685 (through the idea of extending); to scatter, that is, sow (literally or figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
sparingly 5340
{5340} Prime
φειδομένως
pheidomenos
{fi-dom-en'-oce}
Adverb from participle of G5339; abstemiously, that is, stingily.
shall reap 2325
{2325} Prime
θερίζω
therizo
{ther-id'-zo}
From G2330 (in the sense of the crop); to harvest.
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
sparingly; 5340
{5340} Prime
φειδομένως
pheidomenos
{fi-dom-en'-oce}
Adverb from participle of G5339; abstemiously, that is, stingily.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he which soweth 4687
{4687} Prime
σπείρω
speiro
{spi'-ro}
Probably strengthened from G4685 (through the idea of extending); to scatter, that is, sow (literally or figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
bountifully 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
2129
{2129} Prime
εὐλογία
eulogia
{yoo-log-ee'-ah}
From the same as G2127; fine speaking, that is, elegance of language; commendation ('eulogy'), that is, (reverentially) adoration; religiously, benediction; by implication consecration; by extension benefit or largess.
shall reap 2325
{2325} Prime
θερίζω
therizo
{ther-id'-zo}
From G2330 (in the sense of the crop); to harvest.
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
bountifully. 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
2129
{2129} Prime
εὐλογία
eulogia
{yoo-log-ee'-ah}
From the same as G2127; fine speaking, that is, elegance of language; commendation ('eulogy'), that is, (reverentially) adoration; religiously, benediction; by implication consecration; by extension benefit or largess.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Corinthians 9:6

_ _ I say — Ellicott and others supply the ellipsis thus: “But remember this.”

_ _ bountifully — literally, “with,” or “in blessings.” The word itself implies a beneficent spirit in the giver (compare 2 Corinthians 9:7, end), and the plural implies the abundance and liberality of the gifts. “The reaping shall correspond to the proportions and spirit of the sowing” [Bengel]. Compare Ezekiel 34:26, “Showers of blessing.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

2 Corinthians 9:6-15

_ _ Here we have,

_ _ I. Proper directions to be observed about the right and acceptable manner of bestowing charity; and it is of great concernment that we not only do what is required, but do it as is commanded. Now, as to the manner in which the apostle would have the Corinthians give, observe, 1. It should be bountifully; this was intimated, 2 Corinthians 9:5, that a liberal contribution was expected, a matter of bounty, not what savoured of covetousness; and he offers to their consideration that men who expect a good return at harvest are not wont to pinch and spare in sowing their seed, for the return is usually proportionable to what they sow, 2 Corinthians 9:6. 2. It should be deliberately Every man, according as he purposes in his heart, 2 Corinthians 9:7. Works of charity, like other good works, should be done with thought and design; whereas some do good only by accident. They comply, it may be hastily, with the importunity of others, without any good design, and give more than they intended, and then repent of it afterwards. Or possibly, had they duly considered all things, they would have given more. Due deliberation, as to this matter of our own circumstances, and those of the persons we are about to relieve, will be very helpful to direct us how liberal we should be in our contributions for charitable uses. 3. It should be freely, whatever we give, be it more or less: Not grudgingly, nor of necessity, but cheerfully, 2 Corinthians 9:7. Persons sometimes will give merely to satisfy the importunity of those who ask their charity, and what they give is in a manner squeezed or forced from them, and this unwillingness spoils all they do. We ought to give more freely than the modesty of some necessitous persons will allow them to ask: we should not only deal out bread, but draw out our souls to the hungry, Isaiah 58:10. We should give liberally, with an open hand, and cheerfully, with an open countenance, being glad we have ability and an opportunity to be charitable.

_ _ II. Good encouragement to perform this work of charity in the manner directed. Here the apostle tells the Corinthians,

_ _ 1. They themselves would be no losers by what they gave in charity. This may serve to obviate a secret objection in the minds of many against this good work who are ready to think they may want what they give away; but such should consider that what is given to the poor in a right manner is far from being lost; as the precious seed which is cast into the ground is not lost, though it is buried there for a time, for it will spring up, and bear fruit; the sower shall receive it again with increase, 2 Corinthians 9:6. Such good returns may those expect who give freely and liberally in charity. For, (1.) God loveth a cheerful giver (2 Corinthians 9:7), and what may not those hope to receive who are the objects of the divine love? Can a man be a loser by doing that with which God is pleased? May not such a one be sure that he shall some way or other be a gainer? Nay, are not the love and favour of God better than all other things, better than life itself? (2.) God is able to make our charity redound to our advantage, 2 Corinthians 9:8. We have no reason to distrust the goodness of God, and surely we have no reason to question his power; he is able to make all grace abound towards us, and abound in us; to give a large increase of spiritual and temporal good things. He can cause us to have a sufficiency in all things, to be content with what we have, to make up what we give, to be able to give yet more: as it is written (Psalms 112:9) concerning the charitable man, He hath dispersed abroad. He hath given to the poor. His righteousness, that is, his almsgiving, endureth for ever. The honour of it is lasting, the reward of it eternal, and he is still able to live comfortably himself and to give liberally to others. (3.) The apostle puts up a prayer to God in their behalf that they might be gainers, and not losers, 2 Corinthians 9:10, 2 Corinthians 9:11. Here observe, [1.] To whom the prayer is made — to God, who ministereth seed to the sower, who by his providence giveth such an increase of the fruits of the earth that we have not only bread sufficient to eat for one year, but enough to sow again for a future supply: or thus, It is God who giveth us not only a competency for ourselves, but that also wherewith we may supply the wants of others, and so should be as seed to be sown. [2.] For what he prayeth. There are several things which he desires for them, namely, that they may have bread for their food, always a competency for themselves, food convenient, — that God will multiply their seed sown, that they may still be able to do more good, — and that there may be an increase of the fruits of righteousness, that they may reap plentifully, and have the best and most ample returns of their charity, so as to be enriched in every thing to all bountifulness (2 Corinthians 9:11), — that upon the whole they may find it true that they shall be no losers, but great gainers. Note, Works of charity are so far from impoverishing us that they are the proper means truly to enrich us, or make us truly rich.

_ _ 2. While they would be no losers, the poor distressed saints would be gainers; for this service would supply their wants, 2 Corinthians 9:12. If we have reason to think them to be saints, whom we believe to be of the household of faith, whose wants are great, how ready should we be to do them good! Our goodness can not extend unto God, but we should freely extend it to these excellent ones of the earth, and thus show that we delight in them.

_ _ 3. This would redound to the praise and glory of God. Many thanksgivings would be given to God on this account, by the apostle, and by those who were employed in this ministration, 2 Corinthians 9:11. These would bless God, who had made them happy instruments in so good a work, and rendered them successful in it. Besides these, others also would be thankful; the poor, who were supplied in their wants, would not fail to be very thankful to God, and bless God for them; and all who wished well to the gospel would glorify God for this experiment, or proof of subjection to the gospel of Christ, and true love to all men, 2 Corinthians 9:13. Note, (1.) True Christianity is a subjection to the gospel, a yielding of ourselves to the commanding influence of its truths and laws. (2.) We must evince the sincerity of our subjection to the gospel by works of charity. (3.) This will be for the credit of our profession, and to the praise and glory of God.

_ _ 4. Those whose wants were supplied would make the best return they were able, by sending up many prayers to God for those who had relieved them, 2 Corinthians 9:14. And thus should we recompense the kindnesses we receive when we are not in a capacity of recompensing them in any other way; and, as this is the only recompence the poor can make, so it is often greatly for the advantage of the rich.

_ _ Lastly, The apostle concludes this whole matter with this doxology, Thanks be to God for his unspeakable gift, 2 Corinthians 9:15. Some think that by this unspeakable gift he means the gift of grace bestowed on the churches, in making them able and willing to supply the necessities of the saints, which would be attended with unspeakable benefit both to the givers and receivers. It should seem rather that he means Jesus Christ, who is indeed the unspeakable gift of God unto this world, a gift we have all reason to be very thankful for.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Corinthians 9:6

He that soweth sparingly shall reap sparingly; he that soweth bountifully shall reap bountifully — A general rule. God will proportion the reward to the work, and the temper whence it proceeds.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Corinthians 9:6

(2) But this [I say], He which soweth sparingly shall reap also sparingly; and he which soweth bountifully shall reap also bountifully.

(2) Alms must be given neither grudgingly, nor with a loathful mind, or sparingly. And a generous and free alms is compared to a sowing which has a most plentiful harvest of most abundant blessing following it.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I say:

1 Corinthians 1:12 Now this I say, that every one of you saith, I am of Paul; and I of Apollos; and I of Cephas; and I of Christ.
1 Corinthians 7:29 But this I say, brethren, the time [is] short: it remaineth, that both they that have wives be as though they had none;
1 Corinthians 15:20 But now is Christ risen from the dead, [and] become the firstfruits of them that slept.
Galatians 3:17 And this I say, [that] the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect.
Galatians 5:16 [This] I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh.
Ephesians 4:17 This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that ye henceforth walk not as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity of their mind,
Colossians 2:4 And this I say, lest any man should beguile you with enticing words.

He which soweth sparingly:

2 Corinthians 9:10 Now he that ministereth seed to the sower both minister bread for [your] food, and multiply your seed sown, and increase the fruits of your righteousness;)
Psalms 41:1-3 [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] Blessed [is] he that considereth the poor: the LORD will deliver him in time of trouble. ... The LORD will strengthen him upon the bed of languishing: thou wilt make all his bed in his sickness.
Proverbs 11:18 The wicked worketh a deceitful work: but to him that soweth righteousness [shall be] a sure reward.
Proverbs 11:24 There is that scattereth, and yet increaseth; and [there is] that withholdeth more than is meet, but [it tendeth] to poverty.
Proverbs 19:17 He that hath pity upon the poor lendeth unto the LORD; and that which he hath given will he pay him again.
Proverbs 22:9 He that hath a bountiful eye shall be blessed; for he giveth of his bread to the poor.
Ecclesiastes 11:1 Cast thy bread upon the waters: for thou shalt find it after many days.
Ecclesiastes 11:6 In the morning sow thy seed, and in the evening withhold not thine hand: for thou knowest not whether shall prosper, either this or that, or whether they both [shall be] alike good.
Luke 6:38 Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. For with the same measure that ye mete withal it shall be measured to you again.
Luke 19:16-26 Then came the first, saying, Lord, thy pound hath gained ten pounds. ... For I say unto you, That unto every one which hath shall be given; and from him that hath not, even that he hath shall be taken away from him.
Galatians 6:7-9 Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. ... And let us not be weary in well doing: for in due season we shall reap, if we faint not.
Hebrews 6:10 For God [is] not unrighteous to forget your work and labour of love, which ye have shewed toward his name, in that ye have ministered to the saints, and do minister.
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Ps 41:1. Pv 11:18, 24; 19:17; 22:9. Ec 11:1, 6. Lk 6:38; 19:16. 1Co 1:12; 7:29; 15:20. 2Co 9:10. Ga 3:17; 5:16; 6:7. Ep 4:17. Col 2:4. He 6:10.

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