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2 Corinthians 9:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he that supplieth seed to the sower and bread for food, shall supply and multiply your seed for sowing, and increase the fruits of your righteousness:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now he that ministereth seed to the sower both minister bread for [your] food, and multiply your seed sown, and increase the fruits of your righteousness;)
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now He who supplies seed to the sower and bread for food will supply and multiply your seed for sowing and increase the harvest of your righteousness;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now may he that ministereth seed to the sower, both minister bread for [your] food, and multiply your seed sown, and increase the fruits of your righteousness;)
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Now he that supplies seed to the sower and bread for eating shall supply and make abundant your sowing, and increase the fruits of your righteousness:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, he that supplieth seed to the sower, and bread for eating, will supply and multiply your seed for sowing, and cause to grow your fruits of righteousness:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and may He who is supplying seed to the sower, and bread for food, supply and multiply your seed sown, and increase the fruits of your righteousness,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he that ministereth seed to the sower will both give you bread to eat and will multiply your seed and increase the growth of the fruits of your justice:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now he that ministreth seede to the sower, both minister bread for your foode, and multiply your seede sowen, and encrease the fruites of your righteousnesse)
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But may He who giveth seed to the sower and bread for food, himself give and multiply your seed, and increase the fruits of your righteousness,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Now he that giveth seed to the sower, and bread for food, may he give and multiply your seed, and increase the fruits of your righteousness:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
he that ministereth 2023
{2023} Prime
ἐπιχορηγέω
epichoregeo
{ep-ee-khor-ayg-eh'-o}
From G1909 and G5524; to furnish besides, that is, fully supply, (figuratively) aid or contribute.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
seed 4690
{4690} Prime
σπέρμα
sperma
{sper'-mah}
From G4687; somethng sown, that is, seed (including the male 'sperm'); by implication offspring; specifically a remnant (figuratively as if kept over for planting).
to the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
sower 4687
{4687} Prime
σπείρω
speiro
{spi'-ro}
Probably strengthened from G4685 (through the idea of extending); to scatter, that is, sow (literally or figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
both 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
minister 5524
{5524} Prime
χορηγέω
choregeo
{khor-ayg-eh'-o}
From a compound of G5525 and G0071; to be a dance leader, that is, (genitive case) to furnish.
z5659
<5659> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Optative (See G5793)
Count - 19
bread 740
{0740} Prime
ἄρτος
artos
{ar'-tos}
From G0142; bread (as raised) or a loaf.
for 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
[your] food, 1035
{1035} Prime
βρῶσις
brosis
{bro'-sis}
From the base of G0977; (abstractly) eating (literally or figuratively); by extension (concretely) food (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
multiply 4129
{4129} Prime
πληθύνω
plethuno
{play-thoo'-no}
From another form of G4128; to increase (transitively or intransitively).
z5659
<5659> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Optative (See G5793)
Count - 19
your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
seed sown, 4703
{4703} Prime
σπόρος
sporos
{spor'-os}
From G4687; a scattering (of seed), that is, (concretely) seed (as sown).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
increase 837
{0837} Prime
αὐξάνω
auxano
{owx-an'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to grow ('wax'), that is, enlarge (literally or figuratively, actively or passively).
z5659
<5659> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Optative (See G5793)
Count - 19
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
fruits 1081
{1081} Prime
γέννημα
gennema
{ghen'-nay-mah}
From G1080; offspring; by analogy produce (literally or figuratively).
of your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
righteousness;) 1343
{1343} Prime
δικαιοσύνη
dikaiosune
{dik-ah-yos-oo'-nay}
From G1342; equity (of character or act); specifically (Christian) justification.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

2 Corinthians 9:10

_ _ Translate, as in Isaiah 55:10, “He that ministereth (supplieth) seed to the sower and bread for food” (literally, “bread for eating”).

_ _ minister — rather future, as the oldest manuscripts, “Shall minister (supply) and multiply.”

_ _ your seed — your means for liberality.

_ _ the fruits of your righteousness — the heavenly rewards for your Christian charity (Matthew 10:42). Righteousness shall be itself the reward, even as it is the thing rewarded (Hosea 10:12; Matthew 5:6; Matthew 6:33).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 2 Corinthians 9:6-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

2 Corinthians 9:10

And he who supplieth seed — Opportunity and ability to help others. And bread — All things needful for your own souls and bodies. Will continually supply you with that seed, yea, multiply it to you more and more. And increase the fruits of your righteousness — The happy effects of your love to God and man. Isaiah 55:10

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

2 Corinthians 9:10

Now he that ministereth seed to the sower both minister bread for [your] food, and multiply your seed sown, and increase the (i) fruits of your righteousness;)

(i) There is no inheritance as good to the godly as bountifulness is.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he:

Genesis 1:11-12 And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, [and] the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed [is] in itself, upon the earth: and it was so. ... And the earth brought forth grass, [and] herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed [was] in itself, after his kind: and God saw that [it was] good.
Genesis 47:19 Wherefore shall we die before thine eyes, both we and our land? buy us and our land for bread, and we and our land will be servants unto Pharaoh: and give [us] seed, that we may live, and not die, that the land be not desolate.
Genesis 47:23-24 Then Joseph said unto the people, Behold, I have bought you this day and your land for Pharaoh: lo, [here is] seed for you, and ye shall sow the land. ... And it shall come to pass in the increase, that ye shall give the fifth [part] unto Pharaoh, and four parts shall be your own, for seed of the field, and for your food, and for them of your households, and for food for your little ones.
Isaiah 55:10 For as the rain cometh down, and the snow from heaven, and returneth not thither, but watereth the earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud, that it may give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater:

multiply:

2 Corinthians 9:6 But this [I say], He which soweth sparingly shall reap also sparingly; and he which soweth bountifully shall reap also bountifully.
Proverbs 11:18 The wicked worketh a deceitful work: but to him that soweth righteousness [shall be] a sure reward.
Ecclesiastes 11:6 In the morning sow thy seed, and in the evening withhold not thine hand: for thou knowest not whether shall prosper, either this or that, or whether they both [shall be] alike good.
Philippians 4:17 Not because I desire a gift: but I desire fruit that may abound to your account.

increase:

Hosea 10:12 Sow to yourselves in righteousness, reap in mercy; break up your fallow ground: for [it is] time to seek the LORD, till he come and rain righteousness upon you.
Matthew 6:1 Take heed that ye do not your alms before men, to be seen of them: otherwise ye have no reward of your Father which is in heaven.
Ephesians 5:9 (For the fruit of the Spirit [is] in all goodness and righteousness and truth;)
Philippians 1:11 Being filled with the fruits of righteousness, which are by Jesus Christ, unto the glory and praise of God.
1 Thessalonians 3:12 And the Lord make you to increase and abound in love one toward another, and toward all [men], even as we [do] toward you:
1 Thessalonians 4:10 And indeed ye do it toward all the brethren which are in all Macedonia: but we beseech you, brethren, that ye increase more and more;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 1:11; 47:19, 23. Pv 11:18. Ec 11:6. Is 55:10. Ho 10:12. Mt 6:1. 2Co 9:6. Ep 5:9. Php 1:11; 4:17. 1Th 3:12; 4:10.

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